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The Most Important Logical Thinking Skills (With Examples)

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Logical thinking skills like critical-thinking, research, and creative thinking are valuable assets in the workplace. These skills are sought after by many employers, who want employees that take into account facts and data before deciding on an important course of action. This is because such solutions will ensure the organization’s processes can continue to operate efficiently.

So, if you’re a job seeker or employee looking to explore and brush up on your logical thinking skills, you’re in luck. This article will cover examples of logical thinking skills in the workplace, as well as what you can do to showcase those skills on your resume and in interviews.

Key Takeaways:

Logical thinking is problem solving based on reasoning that follows a strictly structured progression of analysis.

Critical thinking, research, creativity, mathematics, reading, active listening, and organization are all important logical thinking skills in the workplace.

Logical thinking provides objectivity for decision making that multiple people can accept.

Deduction follows valid premises to reach a logical conclusion.

It can be very helpful to demonstrate logical thinking skills at a job interview.

The Most Important Logical Thinking Skills

What is logical thinking?

10 examples of logical thinking skills, examples of logical thinking in the workplace, what is deductive reasoning, logical thinking in a job interview, logical thinking skills faq, final thoughts.

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Logical thinking is the ability to reason out an issue after observing and analyzing it from all angles . You can then form a conclusion that makes the most sense. It also includes the ability to take note of reactions and feedback to aid in the formation of the conclusion.

Logical thinking skills enable you to present your justification for the actions you take, the strategies you use, and the decisions you make. You can easily stand in front of your clients, peers, and supervisors and defend your product, service, and course of action if the necessity arises.

Logical thinking is an excellent way of solving complex problems. You can break the problem into smaller parts; solve them individually in a sequence, then present the complete solution. However, it is not infallible.

So, when a problem in the workplace feels overwhelming, you may want to think about it logically first.

Logical thinking skills are a skill set that enables you to reason logically when solving problems. They enable you to provide well-reasoned answers to any issues that arise. They also empower you to make decisions that most people will consider rational.

Critical-thinking skills. If you are a critical thinker, then you can analyze and evaluate a problem before making judgments. You need to improve your critical thinking process to become a logical thinker.

Your critical thinking skills will improve your ability to solve problems. You will be the go-to employee concerning crises. People can rely on you to be reasonable whenever an issue arises instead of letting biases rule you.

Research skills. If you are a good researcher , then you can search and locate data that can be useful when presenting information on your preferred subject.

The more relevant information you have about a particular subject, the more accurate your conclusions are likely to be. The sources you use must be reputable and relevant.

For this reason, your ability to ferret out information will affect how well you can reason logically.

Creative thinking skills. If you are a creative thinker , then you can find innovative solutions to problems.

You are the kind of person that can think outside the box when brainstorming ideas and potential solutions. Your thinking is not rigid. Instead, you tend to look at issues in ways other people have not thought of before.

While logical thinking is based on data and facts, that doesn’t mean it is rigid. You can creatively find ways of sourcing that data or experimenting so that you can form logical conclusions. Your strategic thinking skills will also help enable you to analyze reactions or collect feedback .

Mathematical skills. If you are skilled in mathematics , then you can work well with numbers and represent mathematical ideas using visual symbols. Your brain must be able to compute information.

Business is a numbers game. That means you must have some knowledge of mathematics. You must be able to perform basic mathematical tasks involving addition, subtractions, divisions, multiplications, etc.

So, to become a logical thinker, you must be comfortable working with numbers. You will encounter them in many business-related complex problems. And your ability to understand them will determine whether you can reach an accurate logical conclusion that helps your organization.

Reading skills. If you are a good reader , then you can make sense of the letters and symbols that you see. Your ability to read will determine your competency concerning your logical thinking and reasoning skills.

And that skill set will come in handy when you are presented with different sets of work-related statements from which you are meant to conclude. Such statements may be part of your company policy, technical manual, etc.

Active listening skills. Active listening is an important communication skill to have. If you are an active listener, then you can hear, understand what is being said, remember it, and respond to it if necessary.

Not all instructions are written. You may need to listen to someone to get the information you need to solve problems before you write it down. In that case, your active listening skills will determine how well you can remember the information so that you can use it to reason things out logically.

Information ordering skills. If you have information ordering skills, then you can arrange things based on a specified order following the set rules or conditions. These things may include mathematical operations, words, pictures, etc.

Different organizations have different business processes. The workflow in one organization will be not similar to that of another organization even if both belong to the same industry.

Your ability to order information will depend on an organization’s culture . And it will have a major impact on how you can think and reason concerning solutions to your company problems.

If you follow the wrong order, then no matter how good your problem-solving techniques are your conclusions may be wrong for your organization.

Persuasion skills. Logical thinking can be useful when persuading others, especially in the workplace.

For example, lets say one of your co-workers wants to take a project in an impulsive direction, which will increase the budget. However, after you do your research, you realize a budget increase would be impossible.

You can then use your logical thinking skills to explain the situation to your co-worker, including details facts and numbers, which will help dissuade them from making an uninformed decision.

Decision making skills. Decision making skills go hand and hand with logical thinking, as being able to think logically about solutions and research topics will make it far easier to make informed decisions.

After all, no one likes making a decision that feels like a shot in the dark, so knowing crucial information about the options aviable to you, and thinking about them logically, can improve your confidence around decision making.

Confidence skills. Confidence that stems from an emotional and irrational place will always be fragile, but when you have more knowledge available to you through logical thinking, you can be more confident in your confidence skills.

For instance, if an employee asked you to answer an important question, you will have a lot more confidence in your answer if you can think logically about it, as opposed to having an air of uncertainty.

To improve your logic skills, it would be wise to practice how to solve problems based on facts and data. Below are examples of logical thinking in the workplace that will help you understand this kind of reasoning so that you can improve your thinking:

The human resource department in your organization has determined that leadership skills are important for anyone looking to go into a senior management position. So, it decides that it needs proof of leadership before hiring anyone internally. To find the right person for the senior management position , every candidate must undertake a project that involves a team of five. Whoever leads the winning team will get the senior managerial position.

This example shows a logical conclusion that is reached by your organization’s human resource department. In this case, your HR department has utilized logical thinking to determine the best internal candidate for the senior manager position.

It could be summarized as follows:

Statement 1: People with excellent leadership skills that produce winning teams make great senior managers. Statement 2: Candidate A is an excellent leader that has produced a winning team. Conclusion: Candidate A will make an excellent senior manager .
A marketing company researches working women on behalf of one of their clients – a robotics company. They find out that these women feel overwhelmed with responsibilities at home and in the workplace. As a result, they do not have enough time to clean, take care of their children, and stay productive in the workplace. A robotics company uses this research to create a robot cleaner that can be operated remotely . Then they advertise this cleaner specifically to working women with the tag line, “Working women can do it all with a little bit of help.” As a result of this marketing campaign, their revenues double within a year.

This example shows a logical conclusion reached by a robotics company after receiving the results of marketing research on working women. In this case, logical thinking has enabled the company to come up with a new marketing strategy for their cleaning product.

Statement 1: Working women struggle to keep their homes clean. Statement 2: Robot cleaners can take over cleaning duties for women who struggle to keep their homes clean. Conclusion: Robot cleaner can help working women keep their homes clean.
CalcX. Inc. has created a customer survey concerning its new finance software. The goal of the survey is to determine what customers like best about the software. After reading through over 100 customer reviews and ratings, it emerges that 60% of customers love the new user interface because it’s easy to navigate. CalcX. Inc. then decides to improve its marketing strategy. It decides to train every salesperson to talk about the easy navigation feature and how superior it is to the competition. So, every time a client objects to the price, the sales rep could admit that it is expensive, but the excellent user interface makes up for the price. At the end of the year, it emerges that this strategy has improved sales revenues by 10%.

The above example shows how logical thinking has helped CalcX. Sell more software and improve its bottom line.

Statement 1: If the majority of customers like a particular software feature, then sales reps should use it to overcome objections and increase revenues. Statement 2: 60% of the surveyed customers like the user interface of the new software, and; they think it makes navigation easier. Conclusion: The sales reps should market the new software’s user interface and the fact that it is easy to navigate to improve the company’s bottom line.
A political candidate hires a focus group to discuss hot-button issues they feel strongly about. It emerges that the group is torn on sexual reproductive health issues, but most support the issue of internal security . However, nearly everyone is opposed to the lower wages being paid due to the current economic crisis. Based on the results of this research, the candidate decides to focus on improving the economy and security mechanisms in the country. He also decides to let go of the sexual productive health issues because it would potentially cause him to lose some support.

In this case, the political candidate has made logical conclusions on what topics he should use to campaign for his seat with minimal controversies so that he doesn’t lose many votes.

This situation could be summarized as follows:

Statement 1: Most people find sexual reproductive health issues controversial and cannot agree. Statement 2: Most people feel that the internal security of the country is in jeopardy and something should be done about it. Statement 3: Most people want higher wages and an improved economy. Statement 4: Political candidates who want to win must avoid controversy and speak up on things that matter to people. Conclusion: To win, political candidates must focus on higher wages, an improved economy, and the internal security of the country while avoiding sexual reproductive health matters.

Deductive reasoning is an aspect of logical reasoning. It is a top-down reasoning approach that enables you to form a specific logical conclusion based on generalities. Therefore, you can use one or more statements, usually referred to as premises, to conclude something.

For example:

Statement 1: All mothers are women Statement 2: Daisy is a mother. Conclusion: Daisy is a woman.

Based on the above examples, all mothers are classified as women, and since Daisy is a mother, then it’s logical to deduce that she is a woman too.

It’s worth noting though, that deductive reasoning does not always produce an accurate conclusion based on reality.

Statement 1: All caregivers in this room are nurses. Statement 2: This dog, Tom, is a caregiver . Conclusion: This dog, Tom, is a nurse .

From the above example, we have deduced that Tom, the dog, is a nurse simply because the first statement stated that all caregivers are nurses. And yet, in reality, we know that dogs cannot be nurses. They do not have the mental capacity to become engaged in the profession.

For this reason, you must bear in mind that an argument can be validly based on the conditions but it can also be unsound if some statements are based on a fallacy.

Since logical thinking is so important in the workplace, most job interviewers will want to see you demonstrate this skill at the job interview. It is very important to keep in mind your logical thinking skills when you talk about yourself at the interview.

There are many ways in which an interviewer may ask you to demonstrate your logical thinking skills. For example:

You may have to solve an example problem. If the interviewer provides you a problem similar to one you might find at your job, make sure to critically analyze the problem to deduce a solution.

You may be asked about a previous problem or conflict you had to solve. This classic question provides you the opportunity to show your skills in action, so make sure to highlight the objectivity and logic of your problem solving.

Show your logic when talking about yourself. When given the opportunity to talk about yourself, highlight how logic comes into play in your decision making. This could be in how you picked the job position, why you choose your career or education, or what it is about yourself that makes you a great candidate.

Why is it important to think logically?

It’s important to think logically because it allows you to analyze a situation and come up with a logical solution. It allows for you to reason through the important decisions and solve problems with a better understanding of what needs to be done. This is necessary for developing a strong career.

Why is logic important?

Logic is important because it helps develop critical thinking skills. Critical thinking skills are important because they help you analyze and evaluate a problem before you make a decision. It also helps you improve your problem-solving skills to allow you to make better decisions.

How do you improve your logical thinking skills?

When improving your logical thinking skills make sure you spend time on a creative hobby and practice questioning. Creative hobbies can help reduce stress levels, and lower stress leads to having an easier time focusing on tasks and making logical thinking. Creative hobbies can include things like drawing, painting, and writing.

Another way to improve your logical thinking is to start asking questions about things. Asking questions allows for you to discover new things and learn about new topics you may not have thought about before.

What are logical thinking skills you need to succeed at work?

There are many logical thinking skills you need to succeed in the workplace. Our top four picks include:


Active Listening


Logical thinking skills are valuable skills to have. You need to develop them so that you can become an asset to any organization that hires you. Be sure to include them in your resume and cover letter .

And if you make it to the interview, also ensure that you highlight these skills. You can do all this by highlighting the career accomplishments that required you to use logical thinking in the workplace.

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Roger Raber has been a content writer at Zippia for over a year and has authored several hundred articles. Having retired after 28 years of teaching writing and research at both the high school and college levels, Roger enjoys providing career details that help inform people who are curious about a new job or career. Roger holds a BA in English from Cleveland State University and a MA from Marygrove college.

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What Is Logical Thinking – Significance, Components, And Examples

Home Blog Career What Is Logical Thinking – Significance, Components, And Examples

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Logical thinking skills play a significant role in developing careers because they help you reason through vital decisions, generate creative ideas, set goals, and solve problems. You may encounter multiple challenges in your life when you enter the job industry or advance your career. Therefore, need strong logical reasoning skills to solve your problems.

But you must know ‘what is logical thinking’ before you move forward or come up with solutions.

What Is Logical Thinking?

Logical thinking is your ability to think in a disciplined manner or base significant thoughts on evidence and facts. The process involves incorporating logic into an individual’s thinking abilities when analyzing a problem to devise a solution. Logical thinking may require Soft Skills Courses because it involves progressive analysis systems.

Now that you know the logical thinking meaning, you can undertake Knowledgehut Training to become probable, reasonable, and actionable with your thoughts. Many fields, such as project management, can benefit from logical thinking skills. Also, consider obtaining some accredited PMP certification programs as well.

Importance Of Logical Thinking

According to a global report , problem-solving, a critical and logical thinking aspect, is one of the top skills employers look for in job candidates. So, it explains the demand for logical thinking or reasoning abilities.

You have already gone through the logical reasoning meaning earlier. Now, it is time to understand its importance through the following points.

1. It Encourages Independent Abilities

You may require multiple demonstrations and examples in your life to learn and comprehend processes. However, prolonged and frequent demonstration systems do not work because problem-solving requires reasoning and analysis. So, you must acquire independent reasoning abilities that define logical thinking.

2. It Promotes Creativity and Innovation

Think out of the box to devise creative solutions to your problems. Here is where logical thinking comes in handy because it allows you to innovate better ideas and give a controlled sense to the events happening in your life.

3. It Helps Enhance Analytical Thinking

You weigh down all possible results and evaluate different options to ensure a favorable outcome for your decisions. Logical reasoning enables you to master multiple choice questions in various ways to get the desired answer by thinking better about the solution.

4. It Helps Strengthen the Brain

If you think about logical reasoning meaning, it involves diverse tasks that help activate various parts of your brain - memory, visual-shape memory, verbal-logic memory, etc. The process helps strengthen your brain and enables you to distinguish significant facets of life.

5. It Helps Enhance Focus

Logical thinking is one of the best ways to increase your concentration. The reasoning ability tests require your focus on problem-solving and include multiple methods and strategies to keep you hooked and develop positive self-esteem.

Ways To Improve Your Logical Thinking

Logical thinking ability definition helps you understand that you must possess this significant skill to move forward in life. So, you must improve and develop your logical thinking through proper activities and exercises. Here is a breakdown of tips to help improve your logical thinking abilities.

  • Learn from your life’s mistakes.  
  • Anticipate what lies ahead of you and other future happenings.  
  • Take complex mental tests.  
  • Stimulate your brain through multiple activities.  
  • Differentiate between observation and inferences.  
  • Try to recognize repetitive patterns like a sequence of numbers.  
  • Indulge in analytical values like critical thinking, interpreting, deciding, and concluding facts.

Logical Thinking Skills

The best way to define logical reasoning skills is the ability to focus on tasks and activities by following a chain of thought processes and relating statements to one another. The process allows you to find a logical solution to your problem.

How To Build Logical Thinking Skills?

Work on your logical thinking development to enhance your problem-solving abilities. Here is a breakdown of the techniques to help you overcome your thinking obstacles and understand what the concept of logical thinking is.

  • Do not view things from your perspective and understand other people’s opinions.  
  • Think before you start doing things by devising efficient strategies.  
  • Analyze the meaning of words and sentences carefully.  
  • Enhance your thinking skills through games and mystery books.

How To Think Logically in Five Steps?

Logical reasoning means rationalizing your thoughts and creating positive outcomes. The process combines situational awareness and the ability to regulate emotions to enable efficient decision-making. Here is how you can think logically before making decisions.

1. Take Part in Creative Activities

Creative activities like painting, writing, drawing, music, etc., help stimulate your brain and promote logical thinking. Creative thinking also helps develop problem-solving abilities to make you a better performer.

2. Practice Asking Meaningful Questions

Try asking questions regularly to gain a comprehensive perspective of the facts. It will enable you to approach problems creatively and logically and devise solutions strategically.

3. Spend Time with Other People

Try developing meaningful relationships with other people to help broaden your views and perspectives. Socializing with them will help you think logically and provide alternative viewpoints to solutions.

4. Learn New Skills

You must learn new skills frequently to sharpen your logical reasoning abilities. Take opportunities to learn as often as possible and practice your skills daily to help thoughtfully approach situations.

5. Visualize the Outcome of Your Decisions

You must consider your decisions and their impact on your future to help assess positive outcomes. Visualizing the outcome of your choices and decisions will help you strengthen your logical thinking skills.

Components Of Logical Thinking

When someone asks you what the meaning of logical thinking is, your answer should be emotional reasoning and intelligence. It means you possess self-awareness of your feelings and prevent them from affecting your decision-making process.

components of logical thinking

You must know four significant components after understanding  what  the logical thinking concept is.   

1. Deductive Reasoning

Deductive Reasoning or Deduction is a significant component of logical thinking that seeks to reach specific conclusions. The process makes it easier for you to gain a simplified understanding and indulge in rational and logical thought processes.

2. Inductive Reasoning

Inductive reasoning or induction enables you to think more logically and rely on generalizations. Your general notions depend on anecdotal experiences, facts, and personal observations of your life that are either true or false.

3. Causal Inference

Causal inference involves recognizing the change and evolvement in reasoning things to help you think logically. The process enables taking specific actions and making a logical or causal inference to reason your activities.

Analogical reasoning or analogy enables you to find the things between two different perspectives. Analogy helps you know and understand every situation to help you think logically and make rational decisions.

Example s Of Thinking Logically on Different Occasions  

What is a logical thinking example? I f you are asking yourself this question, look at the following situations for reference.  

1. Logical Thinking When You Are in Disagreement

You and your friend discuss the upcoming cricket match, and both disagree on who will be the opening batsman. You try logically reasoning out the facts and back out by stating that your friend’s prediction is correct.

2. Logical Thinking to Complete Your Work

You had planned a day out with friends for the weekend, but you got caught up with some pending work. The logical way to sort the situation would be to complete your work beforehand and head out for your getaway.

3. Logical Thinking When Making a Tough Decision

You get a good job opportunity in another city, but it makes you emotional thinking you have to leave your hometown. The logical way is to think of the opportunities awaiting you in the other place and decide to take the job.   

4. Logical Thinking When You Do Not Know the Answer

If you do not know the answer to a few questions about your recent assignment, the logical way of solving them is by approaching your teacher and asking for clarification.   

5. Other Logical Thinking Examples

Logical thinking involves reasoning skills to study problems and find rational conclusions or solutions. One of the best examples is the following situation.

You are facing some problems in the office. So, you use the available facts using your logical reasoning skills to address them.

Here is another example of logical reasoning.

You develop a fever ahead of an important meeting that you cannot miss at any cost. The logical way to solve the problem is to attend the meeting virtually instead of remaining physically present.

In Conclusion

Logical thinking is an act of analyzing situations and using reasoning abilities to study the problem and make a rational conclusion.  When you become a logical thinker, you gather all the information you can, assess the facts, and methodically decide the best way to move forward with your decision. Most people consider logical thinking an essential tool to brainstorm ideas, analyze problems, and find answers at home, workplace, or in educational institutions.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

You can consider yourself a logical thinker if you are attentive, get your facts straight, and have clear ideas about situations.

Yes, logical thinking is a soft skill that is tangible, easy to practice, and improves your reasoning abilities.

Economists, software developers, accountants, chemical engineers, technical writers, criminologists, and other related careers use logical thinking.

Logical thinkers are good at observing and analyzing situations, feedback, and reactions to draw rational conclusions.


Mounika Narang

Mounika Narang is a project manager having a specialisation in IT project management and Instructional Design. She has an experience of 10 years  working with Fortune 500 companies to solve their most important development challenges. She lives in Bangalore with her family.

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What is Logical Thinking? Meaning, Skills, Examples

What is Logical Thinking? Meaning, Skills, Examples

What is Logical Thinking?

Logical thinking is a mental cycle that comprises methodically pondering, breaking down, and analyzing the material. A viewpoint requires clear and objective reasoning to arrive at acceptable resolutions or utilize sound judgment. Logical thinking enables people to discern designs, form relationships, and draw reasonable conclusions based on evidence and consistent criteria.

One of the most important aspects of logical thinking is recognizing and comprehending the connections between diverse bits of data or ideas. Perceiving circumstances and logical conclusion links, identifying similitudes and contrasts, and comprehending how diverse components fit together in a legal system are all part of this. People can use logical thinking to thoroughly examine claims, recognize misrepresentations, and distinguish between substantial and erroneous thinking.

Importance of logical thinking

  • Problem-solving: Logical thinking is essential for effective problem-solving. It helps individuals break down complex problems into smaller, manageable parts, analyze the underlying causes, and devise logical strategies to reach solutions.
  • Decision-making: Logical thinking aids in making informed and rational decisions. By evaluating the available options, considering the potential outcomes, and weighing the pros and cons, individuals can make decisions that are based on reason rather than emotions or biases.
  • Critical thinking: Logical thinking is closely tied to critical thinking. It allows individuals to assess information critically, question assumptions, and examine evidence objectively. This enables them to form well-founded opinions and make informed judgments.
  • Communication:  Logical thinking plays a crucial role in effective communication. It helps individuals organize their thoughts coherently, present arguments logically, and convey ideas clearly and in structure.
  • Learning and education: Logical thinking is a fundamental skill for learning and education. It helps individuals understand new concepts, connect ideas, and engage in analytical thinking. Students can grasp complex subjects and retain information more effectively by applying logical thinking.

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Ways to improve your logical thinking

  • Practice puzzles and games: Engaging in puzzles, brainteasers, and logic games can enhance your logical thinking skills. These activities challenge your ability to analyze information, spot patterns, and make logical deductions.
  • Seek out diverse perspectives: Exposing yourself to different viewpoints and perspectives can broaden your thinking and help you develop more comprehensive and logical reasoning. Engage in discussions, read diverse materials, and listen to others’ opinions to expand your cognitive horizons.
  • Sharpen your analytical skills: Analytical thinking is inextricably tied to logical reasoning. Improve your analytical abilities by breaking difficult situations down into smaller components, finding crucial aspects, and analyzing their linkages.
  • Exercise critical thinking: Critical thinking entails challenging assumptions, scrutinizing evidence, and weighing arguments. Sharpen your logical thinking skills by partaking in critical thinking tasks such as article analysis or discussions.
  • Use reasoning in everyday situations: Look for opportunities to use logic in your daily life. Before making a choice or solving an issue, take a step back, analyze the facts objectively, and evaluate the logical consequences.

How can you build logical thinking skills?

Building logical thinking skills can be accomplished through various activities and approaches. Here are some ways to develop and strengthen logical thinking abilities.

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  • Spending time on creative hobbies: Engaging in creative hobbies offers a unique opportunity to develop logical thinking skills. Activities such as painting, writing, or playing musical instruments require planning, organization, and problem-solving. When you paint a picture or write a story, you need to envision the end result and determine the steps to achieve it. This involves logical sequencing, recognizing patterns, and making decisions based on visual or narrative coherence. Creative hobbies foster analytical thinking by encouraging you to experiment, make connections between elements, and find logical solutions to challenges that arise during the creative process. They cultivate a mindset that values logical reasoning and problem-solving in an artistic context.
  • Practising questioning: One of the most effective ways to build logical thinking skills is by developing the habit of questioning. By questioning information, assumptions, and conclusions, you engage in critical thinking and analyze the logical validity of statements. This involves asking probing questions such as “How do you know that?”, “What evidence supports this claim?” or “Are there any logical fallacies in this argument?”. By consistently questioning, you train your mind to think critically and evaluate the soundness of reasoning. This skill is applicable to various aspects of life, from evaluating news articles to solving complex problems, and helps you approach situations with a logical and analytical mindset.
  • Socializing with others:  Engaging in conversations and social interactions with diverse individuals effectively enhances logical thinking skills. Interacting with others exposes you to different perspectives, ideas, and thought processes. Engaging in debates or group discussions challenges your assumptions, forces you to consider alternative viewpoints, and evaluates arguments logically. Socializing allows you to practice active listening, critically analyze information, and express your thoughts coherently. It broadens your cognitive frontiers, promotes open-mindedness, and aids in the development of the capacity to think rationally while traversing diverse points of view and engaging in constructive discourse.
  • Developing a new skill: Learning a new skill, whether coding, chess, or solving puzzles, is a wonderful way to build logical thinking abilities. Understanding concepts, following logical rules or algorithms, and using problem-solving methods are all required for learning a new skill. Learning to code, for instance, involves breaking down complex problems into smaller, manageable steps and using logical reasoning to devise solutions. Similarly, chess requires strategic thinking, evaluating different moves, and anticipating consequences, all of which require logical thinking. By engaging in skill acquisition, you exercise your logical thinking muscles and cultivate a mindset that embraces systematic and analytical approaches to learning and problem-solving.

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Now, let’s explore the steps to think logically.

  • Identify the problem or question: Clearly define the issue or question that requires logical thinking. Break it down into manageable parts.
  • Gather relevant information: Collect all the necessary information and data related to the problem or question. Ensure the information is reliable and unbiased.
  • Analyze the information: Examine the collected information critically. Look for patterns, connections, and relationships between different elements.
  • Apply logical reasoning: Use logical principles, such as deductive or inductive reasoning, to draw conclusions or develop solutions. Follow logical rules and avoid fallacies.
  • Evaluate and revise:  Assess the logical validity of your conclusions or solutions. Look for potential weaknesses or errors in your reasoning. Revise and refine your thinking based on the evaluation.

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Components of logical thinking include.

  • Rationality: Logical thinking relies on rational thought processes, using reason rather than emotions or biases to reach conclusions.
  • Analytical thinking: Logical thinking involves breaking down complex problems or information into smaller parts and examining their relationships and connections.
  • Pattern recognition: Recognising patterns and links between diverse parts or information is an important part of logical reasoning.
  • Logical reasoning: Using logical concepts like deductive or inductive reasoning to reach logical conclusions or make solid judgments.
  • Problem-solving: Logical thinking is essential for effective problem-solving because it allows individuals to analyze issues, establish methods, and arrive at logical answers.
  • Critical thinking: Logical thinking and critical thinking are inextricably linked since they both involve analyzing evidence, questioning assumptions, and participating in objective analysis.

Individuals may improve their logical thinking abilities and use them successfully in all facets of life by knowing and developing these components.

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Examples of thinking logically on different occasions

  • Making a purchasing decision: When contemplating the purchase of a new electronic item, logical thinking might entail studying several models, comparing their features, reading user reviews, and analyzing their long-term worth. This methodical technique will assist you in making an informed selection based on objective criteria rather than impulsive impulses.
  • Workplace problem-solving: A ssume you have a technological problem at work. Identifying the problem, acquiring relevant facts, analyzing probable causes, and testing alternative remedies methodically are all examples of logical reasoning. By following a logical procedure, you may narrow down the problem and develop an effective solution based on data and reasoning.
  • Resolving conflicts: In a disagreement with a colleague or friend, logical thinking helps to approach the situation objectively. It involves listening to both sides, analyzing the underlying causes, identifying common ground, and proposing reasoned compromises. By applying logical thinking, you can navigate emotions, focus on facts, and find resolutions that consider multiple perspectives.

Logical thinking is an invaluable skill that aids in making sound decisions, solving problems effectively, and resolving conflicts. It enables individuals to approach various situations with clarity, reason, and critical analysis. By cultivating logical thinking skills through practice and conscious effort, individuals can enhance their cognitive abilities, improve decision-making, and foster constructive interactions in personal and professional settings.


Keerthi Shivakumar

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Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

Yes, logical thinking can be learned and developed through practice, critical thinking exercises, and engaging in activities that promote analytical reasoning.

Logical thinking and critical thinking are closely related but not identical. Critical thinking involves evaluating information, questioning assumptions, and assessing arguments, while logical thinking focuses on reasoning and drawing valid conclusions based on evidence and logical principles.

Absolutely. Logical thinking can be applied in creative fields as it helps organize ideas, identify patterns, and make logical connections that enhance the coherence and effectiveness of creative works.

Developing logical thinking skills can be challenging, especially when faced with complex problems or conflicting information. It requires patience, practice, and a willingness to question assumptions and biases.

Logical thinking is fundamental to academic success as it aids in understanding complex concepts, analyzing information critically, and effectively communicating ideas. It enables students to think deeply, make logical arguments, and excel in problem-solving tasks across various disciplines.

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What is Logical thinking?

  • What is logical thinking?
  • How can you build logical thinking skills?

Logical thinking can also be defined as the act of analysing a situation and coming up with a sensible solution. It is similar to critical thinking. Logical thinking uses reasoning skills to objectively study any problem, which helps make a rational conclusion about how to proceed. For example, you are facing a problem in the office, to address that, you use the available facts, you are using logical reasoning skills.

In this write-up, we will explore tips on how you can improve your logical thinking skills and the reasons why logical thinking can help you be a stronger professional.

Now the question arises in our mind, why are logical thinking skills important?

Also Read – What is Empathy in Design Thinking?

Logical thinking skills play a very important and necessary role in developing your career because they can help you reason through important decisions, solve problems, generate creative ideas, and set goals. Whether you want to advance your career or have just entered the industry, you will encounter challenges daily that require logical reasoning skills. The stronger your logical thinking skills are, the more easily you will be able to come up with solutions and plans that can benefit you and your workplace.

There are many ways in which you can strengthen logical thinking in your daily work.

Methods that help you in developing your logical thinking skills are :

  • Spend time on creative hobbies.
  • Practice questioning.
  • Socializing with others.
  • Learn a new skill.

1. Spending time on creative hobbies

It has been observed that creative hobbies like drawing, painting, writing, or playing music can stimulate the brain and help promote logical thinking. Creative thinking, in a way, naturally develops problem-solving abilities that can help you become a better performer at your workplace.

Let’s talk about one more example, learning a new instrument requires deep thought and concentration. The logical thinking skills that you will gain from the process of learning a new instrument can help you approach your work more intently, developing your ability to solve problems with more flexibility and ease.

In addition to this, creative hobbies also help reduce stress. When your stress levels are manageable, you will have an easier time focusing and making logical decisions wherever required. There are many different ways in which you can handle stress, but developing a creative mind is especially productive and can help you bolster both personal and professional life.

2. Practice questioning

Another best way to strengthen your logical thinking skills is to question things that you typically accept as fact. When you regularly ask the question, it helps you view situations more completely and intricately, allowing you to approach problems at work more logically and creatively.

Asking more and more questions often leads to discoveries about topics you had not considered before, which may encourage you to explore further. This method can be used anywhere, especially at work. Let us take an example of a department at your workplace you are not familiar with. Create a list of questions where you need clarity or understanding. This will help you understand its purpose.

Let us take an example. If you work in the sales-marketing department and want to know more about search engine optimization skills , consider asking someone in that department for an overview to learn more about their current projects and processes. This will help you think more critically about the role you would be taking at work as it relates to that team.

3. Socialize with others

Socializing and building relationships with others help you broaden your perspective, giving you more opportunities to develop your logical thinking skills. When you get to know the point of view of other people, it helps you approach problems at work in a new and different way.

There are many ways in which you can invest time in building relationships. It can be from participating in an activity to simply eating lunch or meeting over coffee together regularly. It is truly said that the more logically you can handle problems at work, the more easily you will be able to advance in your career.

4. Learn a new skill

Learning a new skill can also help in sharpening logical skills.

If you take the opportunity to learn as often as possible, you apply the same level of thinking to your job, making you successful.

For example, suppose you decide to start learning a new coding language. This process will require careful thinking and planning. Practicing every day will help to put you in the mindset of thoughtfully approaching problems at work and will also help you develop a new skill that will help you advance your career.

5. Anticipating the outcome of your decisions

When you are working to strengthen your logical thinking skills, it is helpful for you to consider what impact your decisions might have in the future. The closer you pay attention to the results of your decisions and analyze them, the easier the process will become.

Whenever you come up with a solution to a problem at the workplace, try to think about what the outcome may be. Slowly and eventually, you will find it easier to think of your decisions’ immediate and long-term results. This is an important aspect of logical thinking.

Logical skills can be easily strengthened with daily practice. When you start applying these exercises regularly, and by learn more from professional courses you will observe yourself start to naturally approach everyday decisions at work with a more logical perspective.

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Improve Your Logical Thinking Skill

how to develop logic

Before starting with the best approaches, you may want to check your abilities with the games below. They are suitable for you and your kids. Don’t forget it is important to be aware of yourself to boost your mental skills.

Logic Balls

Logic Balls

Develop your reasoning , planning and visualization skills.

Colorful Blocks

Colorful Blocks

Develop your reasoning , spatial perception and visual attention skills.

Pick Your Candy

Pick Your Candy

Develop your visual attention and counting skills.

Have I Seen It or Not?

Have I Seen It or Not?

Develop your logical thinking , sustained attention and comparison skills.

Why Are Logical Thinking Skills Important?

Logical thinking is the ability to make a rational conclusion by analyzing a situation, and it helps the human mind to make a distinction between right and wrong.

Logical Thinking

Keep in mind that well-developed logical thinking skills also promote our skills such as analytical thinking , reasoning, math, and problem-solving .

It is important to understand what logical thinking meaning is and how it affects our daily lives. To have a better understanding, you can look at the positive effects below.

  • Rational people can easily correlate events and objects.
  • The chance of rational people making mistakes is likely to lower.
  • Children who have strong logical thinking skills are successful at school because they can establish cause and effect relations.
  • Rational individuals are likely to be more successful at work because they develop the right strategies.

You are lucky because we’ve prepared eight easy-to-apply tips , as well as the best games, to enhance your and your children’s logical thinking skills.

We’ve also shared examples from our daily lives for helping your children to understand the logic behind logical thinking. You can use all of these when you want to train your brain or help your kids for this purpose.

How to Improve Logical Thinking?

Like almost every skill, logic can also be improved and developed through proper exercises and activities. Here are some of the best tips that will help you do just that!

1. Logic Exercises

Games are with no doubt the best way of teaching children something. And when it comes to mental development games, MentalUP is the best!

With these games, you can help promote your children’s: logical reasoning skills, planning skills, spatial perception skills, logical thinking skills, mathematical thinking skills, and much more!

Math Game

Logical thinking exercises like this game are very helpful for our math and planning abilities.

Logic Cards

Logic Cards

If you want to learn how to think logically, this game will support you by boosting your mind.

Tricky Faces

Tricky Faces

This game is the answer to the question of how to be more logical. Play daily and be stronger.

Numbers & Letters

Numbers & Letters

When you need to know how to develop logical thinking, you can train your brain with this game.

2. Socializing With Others

Socializing, in other words building new relationships, will expand your perspective. This way, you can gain more and more logical thinking skills with the ability to approach situations and thoughts from different angles.

Socializing With Others

Encourage your children to make new friends at their school, neighborhood, or at the park. It will not only help enhance their logical thinking skills but it will also help them build healthy social skills.

3. Creative Hobbies

Although the left hemisphere of our brain is responsible for logical thinking, creative activities, which are mainly ruled by the right hemisphere of our brain, help promote logical thinking. Therefore, encourage your children to engage with creative activities such as playing imagination games , drawing, painting, writing, and playing music.

Creative Hobbies

Well, how do these help with logical thinking?

For example, learning a new instrument requires deep thought and concentration. During this process, your children will gain the ability to solve more problems with flexibility and ease.

In addition, as these tasks require creativity, creative thinking naturally develops problem-solving abilities that can help your children become better at school.

Becoming a logical thinker requires improvement in different areas, such as brain dominance!

Do you know which brain dominance you or your children have? Feel free to take our free brain dominance test and reveal the secret! 🧠

You can also read our article to learn more about the right brain - left brain and the difference in between . There are study tips based on brain dominance results! 📚

4. Question Events

One of the best ways to enhance your logical thinking skills is to ask questions about things you typically accept as a fact. Making a habit of asking such questions helps you view situations more completely and allows you to approach situations more logically and creatively.

Question Events

You can come up with simple games to apply this tip with your children. For example, start with a sentence that is a result of an obvious fact and as your children to complete it:

Parent : “ It is cold because… ” Child : “ … it is snowing/winter/raining. ”

Practicing this activity will also help your children build a sense of responsibility for their actions and behavior, as well as teach them how to think faster .

5. Read Mystery Books and Stories

Here is one stone two birds situation. You can advance your children’s reading skills and promote their logical thinking skills by simply engaging them with mystery.

Read Mystery Books and Stories

There are plenty of mystery stories and books that your children will enjoy reading as they try to solve the enigmas within.

6. Learn/Discover a New Skill

This tip is quite close to the third tip above, but there is no such thing as too much learning. Creative or not, learning a new skill can help sharpen your logic skills.

The more you take the opportunity to learn something new, the more you will be able to think logically and strategically.

Learn/Discover a New Skill

Encourage your children to learn something new! Depending on their age it can be; learning a new language, learning a new sport, or even learning a new game.

Not only will practicing every day help create a mindset of thoughtfully, and logically, approaching problems and situations, but it will also develop a new skill that your children can enjoy!

How to think logically? It's easy: Download MentalUP that is developed by academicians , pedagogues , and game designers to improve logical skills! 🙌 With over 150 gamified exercises, you can learn how to increase logical thinking. 🥳

Track the logical skills development of yourself or your children with MentalUP's detailed report tools! 📊

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7. Brain Teasers & Puzzles

Brain teasers and puzzle games like tangrams for kids are always fun activities. However, did you know that it helps improve logical thinking skills?

Brain Teasers

As children try to find the answer to the questions, they are forced to think strategically and logically. If you’re in search of the best brain teasers, check out our Pinterest board for 400+ free brain teasers!

8. Mindfulness

Extreme stress is one of the worst enemies of logical thinking. And, it may come as a shock but most children experience more stress than adults do 😞


When your children’s stress levels are manageable, they are more likely to have an easier time focusing and making logical decisions. And one of the best ways to manage stress is practicing mindfulness .

Children who experience stress, attention deficit, or anxiety can lack logical thinking skills . Supporting kids with educational and entertaining apps can be very effective in such conditions. ✅

MentalUP is an award-winning program that supports becoming a logical thinker . With 150+ gamified exercises, offer lots of fun while improving. See you never, stress! 👋

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Difference Between Logic and Reason

We hear you say “But what is the difference between reason and logic? Aren’t they the same thing?” To begin with, “logic” is a noun, and “reason” is both a noun and a verb.

You can “reason with a person” but you can’t logic with someone. In addition, every logic can be reasoned but not every reasoning can be based on logic.

That said, the primary difference between logic and reason is that reason can be subjective, whereas logic is actual science that follows clearly defined rules and tests for critical thinking .

Logic also requires tangible, visible, or audible proof of a sound thought process by reasoning.

For example, you can debate or “reason” with someone that the water is cold, however, the fact that water’s freezing temperature is 0℃ is not up for debate as there is a logic behind it.

Logic Examples

Here are some everyday logic examples that will help you and your children understand the concept of logic and logical thinking even further.

1. Informal Logic

Informal logic is what we usually use for daily reasoning processes. This is the reasoning and arguments you make in your personal exchanges with others and they are more subjective rather than based on facts.

  • Premises : Fred walked under a ladder on his way to work. Fred got fired from work today.
  • Conclusion : Walking under a ladder is bad luck.
  • Explanation : This is an assumption based on superstition. It has no fact-based logic.
  • Premises : My sister is a celebrity. I live with my sister.
  • Conclusion : I am a celebrity.
  • Explanation : There is more to proving fame that assuming it will rub off.

Inductive logic examples can also be examined under this category. Inductive reasoning is made by using specific information and to make a broad generalization that is considered probable. As the reasoning is based on repeated experiences, the outputs are not always accurate.

  • Premises : An umbrella prevents you from getting wet in the rain. Sarah took her umbrella, and she did not get wet.
  • Conclusion : In this case, you could use inductive reasoning to offer an opinion that it was probably raining.
  • Explanation : Your conclusion, however, would not necessarily be accurate because Sarah would have remained dry whether it rained and she had an umbrella, or it didn't rain at all.
  • Premises : Thirteen out of the twenty houses on the block burned down. Each fire was caused by faulty wiring.
  • Conclusion : If more than half the homes have faulty wiring, all homes on the block have faulty wiring.
  • Explanation : There is a likelihood to the conclusion, however, it is not verifiably true.

2. Formal Logic

Formal logic requires deductive reasoning and the premises must be based on facts. The premises should lead to a formal conclusion.

  • Premises : Every person who lives in New York lives in the USA. Everyone in the USA lives in North America.
  • Conclusion : Every person who lives in New York lives in North America.
  • Explanation : The premises are based on geographical facts.
  • Premises : Bicycles have two wheels. Jenny is riding a bicycle.
  • Conclusion : Jenny is riding on two wheels.
  • Explanation : The premises are fact-based so the conclusion is true.

3. Symbolic Logic

Symbolic logic , as the name applies, focuses on how symbols relate to each other. It assigns symbols to verbal reasoning in order to be able to check the veracity of the statements through a mathematical process. You typically see this type of logic used in calculus.

  • Propositions : (A) If all mammals feed their babies with milk. (B) If all dogs feed their babies with milk. (C) All dogs are mammals. The Ʌ means “and,” and the ⇒ symbol means “implies.”
  • Conclusion : A Ʌ B ⇒ C
  • Explanation : Proposition A and B lead to the conclusion, C. If all mammals feed their babies with and so do dogs, it implies all dogs are mammals.

4. Mathematical Logic

It goes without saying that all math problems are based on logic with each having a single outcome based on facts. As mathematical logic applies formal logic to math, mathematical logic and symbolic logic are often used interchangeably.

MentalUP Logic Games increase children’s school success and support their mathematical intelligence development .

It also helps them learn how to be logical by strengthening their logical thinking and reasoning abilities. To develop logic, memory, reasoning, and problem-solving skills, make the best decision and get MentalUP brain games ! 🤩🎊


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logical thinking in problem solving

Home   >   Advice   >   Employability skills   >  Logical thinking: Why is it crucial in the workplace?

logical thinking in problem solving

Logical thinking: Why is it crucial in the workplace?

A set of Rubix cubes in different shapes and sizes

Good logical thinking skills make job candidates stand out. They also make working life more productive and are essential for particular job roles.

Luckily, you pick up logical thinking skills in a whole range of school subjects – not only maths, but chemistry, computer science, sociology and even English!

'You don't just gain logical thinking in maths - but from subjects like chemistry, sociology and even English' Tweet this to your followers

In this article, we define logical thinking and explain how it is used in school subject and in the workplace.

What is logical thinking?

Girl thinking

Logical thinking is the process of applying a chain of reasoning to overcome a problem and reach a conclusion. It is a good technique for solving highly complex problems, providing the mental tools to tackling seemingly insurmountable challenges.

So what does logical thinking look like in practice? Logical thinking involves taking the relevant information and organising it into a sequence, then thinking through it in steps. While you can analyse and solve each step in and of itself, together they are part of the overall structure of the problem. As you move through the steps, you move closer to solving the problem itself.

A good example of logical thinking in action is the game of chess. Playing chess involves working through a sequence of individual steps which take you closer to victory. Each step is an individual problem to be solved – within the framework of a larger game.

There is evidence that practising logical thinking can make you cleverer! Equipped with logical thinking skills, you’re no longer stumped when faced with tough problems. You have the tools at your disposal to approach the problem systematically and work out an answer.

Logical thinking at school

Logical thinking is fundamental to maths – taking the information you are given and working out what to do with it as well as the steps needed to reach a solution.

It isn’t just used in maths. Here are some other school subjects logical thinking is used in:

  • Chemistry : Setting up an experiment involves working out what chemicals and apparatus you need and what steps you need to take to reach a conclusion.
  • Computing : The algorithms used by computers, smartphones and other electronic devices are in fact sets of logical instructions created by programmers.
  • Geography : In field work, you will need to establish what observations are required to collect useful data, and how that data needs to be processed to reach valuable findings.
  • Sociology: Social scientists need to know what data collection methods and analysis techniques are required to reach meaningful conclusions about their research area.

You might be surprised to learn that logical thinking is also useful in arts and humanities subjects. History , for example, is full of mysteries to be solved by combining primary and secondary sources with an understanding of the wider context in which events happened. Good historians must establish what information is available, what is missing and what contextual information may be valuable to develop a compelling account or interpretation of historical events. You will also benefit from applying logical thinking to other arts and humanities subjects such as philosophy , religious studies and English .

Using logical thinking at work

Computer programmers

Logical thinking is vital for particular jobs, including the following:

  • Computer programmer
  • Criminologist
  • Data analyst
  • IT technician
  • Social worker

While being directly relevant in these jobs, logical thinking is also a useful and highly sought-after skill in other roles as well. This includes professions such as advertising executive, content writer, gas and plumbing technician, market researcher, mechanic, project manager , salesperson and teacher . As well as helping you do your day-to-day job more effectively, it will also help you develop a more efficient approach to work, making you more productive.

Demonstrating logical thinking skills

There are 2 common ways of assessing a candidate’s logical thinking skills in job application processes:

Questions in interview: Particularly for highly complex jobs, such as computer programmer, where you are expected to use logic in your day-to-day work, you may be thrown a logic puzzle to solve during an interview .

Interview test: Interview processes are often accompanied by tests or exercises, particularly for jobs where specific skills are required. You may face a logical thinking problem in a test such as this as employers try to establish how advanced your logic skills are.

Don’t worry! Employers don’t necessarily expect you to get the answer right, they are more interested in the mental processes you take to reach your solution. They may also be testing other skills such as determination and diligence, so don’t despair if you struggle to get to a solution you are happy with.

If you found this article useful, check out our advice piece on lateral thinking skills – which are also in demand by employers.

Images: Computer programmers by "WOCinTech Chat" via Flickr

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