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What Is Essay Bot? AIs Writing an Essay for You Might Not Be Safe
Writing essays isn’t many people’s favorite part of studying for a qualification, but it’s necessary. Or is it? If you’ve ever sat in front of a computer and felt like you didn’t know where to start, you might have been tempted to get Essay Bot to do the work for you. Before you search for it, here is what you should be aware of.
What is Essay Bot?
Essay Bot is just one of many AI services which are on the increase. The Essay Bot website claims to have an inbuilt plagiarism checker, so you might think this is a positive aspect. However, the unlimited search database is basically information already available on the internet. The site states that the bot searches millions of websites and provides the most relevant information. This all sounds good, perhaps too good.
Is Essay Bot Safe?
Essay Bot might be okay if you just want to create a piece of writing which isn’t related to college work, or for some offline material that isn’t going to be published online and get you into trouble. However, it’s too risky for college work. The software just seems to rewrite content that is already online, and it doesn’t always do this well.
Of course, you could rewrite the text in a way that makes more sense to your essay and addresses the points you want to make, but there are several downsides to this.
You could spend more time rewriting than you would if you simply wrote the complete essay yourself. You may also end up plagiarizing someone else’s work during the rewrites. It’s likely that the words Essay Bot provides are a rearrangement of content already available, and in an attempt to make more sense, you accidentally rewrite some of the text it was taken from.
You could invest in high-quality plagiarism software to prevent this, but is it really worth the cost and the extra time of tweaking and rewriting until the essay becomes completely unique?
Can You Get in Trouble for Using Essay Bot?
Yes, you could get in trouble for using Essay Bot if your tutor or anyone else at your college found out.
Most colleges will use a plagiarism checker and if your essay fails this, you will put your place at risk. Each college or university will have different rules, but you could fail the essay, be made to redo the module or lose your place on the course. Education is not cheap, so it doesn’t seem worth the risk.
Even if you manage to craft your bot-written essay into something unique that also makes sense, getting someone to write your essay for you is still cheating. The writer being a bot doesn’t change that.
The easy way to determine if something is wrong is if you ask yourself whether you would admit to your tutor how you crafted your essay. If you wouldn’t tell them, you’re probably breaking the rules and could get into serious trouble if found out.
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15 Tips to Help You Write a Stellar Essay
Essay-writing can be easier than you might think if you have a grasp of the basics and a willingness to engage with the subject matter. Here are 15 top tips for writing a stellar essay.
Do Your Research
This is one of the most important tips you’ll ever receive. Research thoroughly, even if it means you have too many notes. It’s better to have to leave stuff out than not have enough to write about.
Make an Outline
Without a properly structured outline (with an intro, a four- to five-point body and a conclusion), your essay may be hard to write and to follow.
While you might just be writing your essay for a teacher or professor that is paid to read it, it still pays to grab their attention. A “hook” like a quote or surprising statistic in your intro can make your reader want to read on.
Lay Out Your Thesis
The intro isn’t all about flair and grabbing attention. It’s also about laying out your thesis. Make your main argument clear in the first few sentences, setting up a question to answer or statement to prove.
Avoid Passive Voice
If you want your writing to be persuasive, passive voice should be avoided. (That sentence was full of it, by the way. For example, “You should avoid passive voice” is a more convincing way to say “passive voice should be avoided.”)
Avoid First-Person Voice
If you’re writing an academic essay, you should almost certainly avoid first-person voice. In other words, avoid saying “I” or “my.” Also restrict your use of the second-person voice (e.g., don’t use “you” unless it’s necessary).
Start With Your Strongest Point
In general, it’s a good idea to start with your strongest argument in your first body paragraph. This sets the scene nicely. However, this might not be appropriate if you are structuring your essay points chronologically.
Relate All Points Back to Your Thesis
Make it clear to your reader how each point you make relates back to your thesis (i.e., the question or statement in your introduction, and probably your title too). This helps them to follow your argument.
Contextualize Without Losing Focus
Add contextualizing information for a richer presentation of your topic. For example, it’s fine (or even desirable) to discuss the historical background for certain events. Just don’t get bogged down by irrelevant details.
Use Transition Phrases
Transition phrases, such as “furthermore,” “by contrast” and “on the other hand,” can also help your reader to follow your argument. But don’t overuse them at the cost of clarity. Read your essay aloud to gauge how it flows.
Conclude With a Return to Your Thesis
A conclusion can do many things, but it’s useful to think of it as an answer to the question or statement in your intro. It’s sensible to summarize your key points, but always relate back to your thesis.
Make Your Conclusion Seem Obvious
Restating your thesis in your conclusion (after having made all of your points and arguments in the body) can be persuasive. Aim to make your conclusion feel irrefutable (at least if it’s a persuasive essay).
If your spelling is sloppy, it’s natural for your reader to assume your approach to writing the essay was too. This could harm the strength of an otherwise persuasive essay.
Grammar is also important, for the same reason. It’s usually easy to pick up on dodgy grammar if you read your essay aloud. If you’re not a native English speaker, however, you might want to ask someone who is to check your essay.
To avoid harming your persuasiveness and authority, it’s fundamentally important to use the right words. Overly obscure language can detract from the clarity of your argument, but if you feel you have to use it, then you better know what it means.
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How to Write a Case Study Paper for Nursing
A well-written case study paper for a nursing program requires some planning and consideration. All too often, students begin writing before they complete appropriate, preliminary steps. Ideally, before you start a paper, you should already have determined the focus and format of it. You will then follow this up with a fact-gathering step in which you will gather and collate the content of your paper. Finally, there is the construction/execution step in which you will write the paper in a standard format (such as the APA style) and edit it.
A nursing case study paper contains several sections that fall into three categories:
1. The status of the patient
- Demographic data
- Medical History
- Current diagnosis and treatment
2. The nursing assessment of the patient
- Vital signs and test results
- Nursing observations (i.e., range of motion, mental state)
3. Current Care Plan and Recommendations
- Details of the nursing care plan (including nursing goals and interventions)
- Evaluation of the current care plan
- Recommendations for changes in the current care plan
The first portion of the case study paper will talk about the patient — who they are, why they are being included in the study, their demographic data (i.e., age, race), the reason(s) they sought medical attention and the subsequent diagnosis. It will also discuss the role that nursing plays in the care of this patient.
Next, thoroughly discuss any disease process. Make sure you outline causes, symptoms, observations, and how preferred treatments can affect nursing care. Also, describe the history and progression of the disease. Some important questions for you to answer are: 1) What were the first indications that there was something wrong, and 2) What symptoms convinced the patient to seek help?
When you are discussing the nursing assessment of the patient, describe the patientΓÇÖs problems in terms of nursing diagnoses. Be specific as to why you have identified a particular diagnosis. For example, is frequent urination causing an alteration in the patientΓÇÖs sleep patterns? The nursing diagnoses you identify in your assessment will help form the nursing care plan.
Current Care Plan and Recommendations for Improvement
Describe the nursing care plan and goals, and explain how the nursing care plan improves the quality of the patientΓÇÖs life. What positive changes does the nursing care plan hope to achieve in the patientΓÇÖs life? How will the care plan be executed? Who will be responsible for the delivery of the care plan? What measurable goals will they track to determine the success of the plan?
The final discussion should be your personal recommendations. Based on the current status of the patient, the diagnosis, prognosis, and the nursing care plan, what other actions do you recommend can be taken to improve the patientΓÇÖs chances of recovery? You must support your recommendations with authoritative sources and cite appropriately per APA style guidelines.
Creating a well-written nursing case study paper doesnΓÇÖt need to be a grueling challenge. It can be gratifying, and itΓÇÖs good practice for assessing patients while out in the field, too. Keep in mind that your instructor will not only grade you on the quality of the content of your paper but by how you apply the APA style, as well. If you find that you are spending too much time formatting your paper, consider using formatting software as a helpful tool to ensure accuracy, so you donΓÇÖt lose points on a well-written paper because of some formatting errors.
For more information about APA or MLA formats, contact us today.
David Plaut is the founder of Reference Point Software (RPS). RPS offers a complete suite of easy-to-use formatting template products featuring MLA and APA style templates, freeing up time to focus on substance while ensuring formatting accuracy.┬á
Reference Point Software is not associated with, endorsed by, or affiliated with the American Psychological Association (APA) or with the Modern Language Association (MLA).
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Nursing Case Study: Examples & How-to Guide
A nursing case study is a deep analysis of the health situation of a patient. This article answers all the questions about the proper way to prepare this kind of writing. It also suggests some writing tipis and features free nursing case study examples.
- 🩺️ The Basics
- 💉 Nursing Case Study: Writing Rules
📑 Nursing Case Study Format
📝 nursing case study examples.
- ⏱️ Tips on Quick Writing
A nursing case study is an in-depth analysis of the health situation of an individual patient.
The analysis is based on:
- medical history,
- other relevant criteria.
In most cases, you will be asked to diagnose to suggest the first aid measures. Alternatively, nurses can be asked to describe a patient in their practice and analyze the correctness of their actions. The purpose is to recreate a realistic hospital setting in the classroom and make students reflect on the treatment process from diagnosis to treatment.
🩺️ Nursing Case Study: What Is It About?
As a nursing student, you should understand that no two patients are the same. Each has a unique clinical record and condition. And although most nursing case study tasks will ask you to suggest a diagnosis or treatment, your focus should rest on the patient.
Busy nurses can sometimes see their patients in the framework of an illness to be treated or a procedure to be fulfilled. But you should do your best to remember that each patient is a living person with a complex set of needs, emotions, and preferences. A ready-made textbook answer is rarely the best solution for them. Moreover, it rarely helps to analyze a condition in isolation from the patient.
In a nursing case study, your task is to analyze a disorder or illness as a part of a specific medical situation. If you don’t do that, your case study becomes an essay (theoretical and generalized). It is the difference between the two assignment types.
A case study in nursing emphasizes the particular patient’s condition. Meanwhile, a nursing essay will explore the disease, prevention methods, treatment, or possible consequences of the disease.
Even if the case is hypothetical, it should focus on the suggested reality. On the other hand, essays are usually literature-based. You are expected to do some reading for a case study too, but you should research and present the information within the context of the patient. In simple terms, a case study uses information in the actual application, and an essay uses it for the sake of generalized suggestions.
💉 How to Write a Nursing Case Study: 3 Key Rules
- Do the fieldwork. Before setting your hands to writing, you should collect all of the available materials: clinical notes, results of medical tests, x-rays, sickness records, etc. Use this information to draw a clear picture of the story. It is always helpful to ask yourself, “What is interesting or unusual about this patient’s condition?” In the course of writing, recall your answer from time to time not to get lost in words. It will help you to convey a definite and appropriate message.
- Stick to the facts. A nursing case study should be an accurate description of the actual situation. Restrain from speculating about the inherent mechanisms of the illness or the general treatment methodology. In fact, students are rarely prepared enough to discuss pathology and physiology. Leave this to reputable experts. The best result you can provide in a case study is an honest account of clinical events.
- Concentrate on the patients and their progress. Remember that a nursing case study is a story of a patient’s progress and not a narrative about their nurse. No matter how efficiently the medical specialist acted, it would be incorrect to add any praiseful remarks. The optimal way is to tell the story in its logical and time order and outline the result of treatment. In this case, the outcome will speak for itself.
It is where you should tell the reader why this case is interesting . Place your study in a social or historical context. If, during your preliminary research, you found some similar cases, describe them briefly. If you had a hard time diagnosing the patient or your proposed treatment is complicated, mention it here. Don’t forget to cite the references to each of them!
The introduction should not exceed several paragraphs. The purpose is to explain why the reader will benefit from reading about the case.
- Why did the patient seek medical help? (Describe the symptoms.)
- What is known about the patient? (Mention only the information that influenced your diagnosis. Otherwise, explain why some information is irrelevant to the diagnosis.)
- Stick to the narrative form. (Make it a story!)
- What are the variants for diagnosis? (Make a shortlist of possible disorders that fall under the patient’s symptoms. But make it specific: not just “pneumonia” but “bilateral pneumonia,” for example. Besides, this point is optional.)
- What were the results of your clinical examination? (If you saw the patient in person.)
- Explain the results of lab tests. (The words “positive” or “negative” are not always clear.)
Actions and Their Results
This section describes the care that has been provided and/or is planned. You can answer the following questions in narrative form . If some information is missing, skip the point:
- What preliminary actions have been taken? (Be specific: not just “wound care,” but “wound cleaning and dressing.”)
- How long has the patient been under care?
- Has the previous treatment given any visible result?
- Why was it suspended or finished?
- Why did the patient withdraw from treatment (if applicable)?
- How could you improve the patient’s condition if the result was negative?
- If the disease is incurable (like in the case of diabetes), which activities would stabilize the patient’s condition?
- If possible, include the patient’s reports of their own physical and mental health.
In this section, you should identify your questions about the case. It is impossible to answer all of them in one case study. Likewise, it is unreal to suggest all the relevant hypotheses explaining the patient’s condition. Your purpose is to show your critical thinking and observation skills. Finalize your conclusion by summarizing the lessons you learned from the nursing case study.
Whenever you directly or indirectly cite other sources or use data from them, add these books and documents to the references list. Follow the citation style assigned by your professor. Besides, 15 items are already too much. Try to make a list of up to 10. Using textbooks as references can be viewed as bad manners.
Include all the tables, photographs, x-rays, figures, and the journal of medication usage in this section. Unless required otherwise in the assignment, start each item from a new page, naming them “Appendix A,” “Appendix B…”.
Below you will find case study samples for various topics. Using them as a reference will improve your writing. If you need more ideas, you are welcome to use our free title-generating tool .
- Case study: healing and autonomy.
- Sara’s case study: maternal and child nursing.
- COPD medical diagnostics: case study.
- Care standards in healthcare institutions: case study.
- Acute bacterial prostatitis: case study analysis.
- Alzheimer disease: the patient case study.
- The treatment of foot ulcers in diabetic patients: case study.
- Hypertension: C.D’s case study.
- Myocardial infarction: cardiovascular case study.
- Major depressive disorder case.
- Case study of the patient with metabolic syndrome .
- Pulmonary analysis case study .
- Older adults isolation: Case study .
- The holistic care: Case study .
- Medical ethics: Case study .
- Patient diagnoses and treatment: Case study .
- Obesity case study: Mr. C .
- Nurse Joserine: Case study problems .
- Chronic stable angina: Case study .
- Fetal abnormality: Case study .
- Researching SOAP: Case study .
- Case study for a patient with hormonal disorders .
- Obesity in the elderly: The case study .
- “Walking the Tightrope”: A case study analysis .
- ARNP approach: Case study analysis .
- Case study on biomedical ethics in the Christian narrative .
- Thermal injury: Case study .
- Ethical dilemma in nursing: Case study .
- Asthma: A case study of the patient .
- Asthma discharge plan: Mini case study .
- Case study: An ethics of euthanasia .
- Case study: Head-to-toe assessment steps .
- Pain management strategies: Case study .
- Case study: Inflammatory bowel disease .
- Sleep deprivation and insomnia: The case study .
- The case study of a heart failure .
- Porphyria cutanea tarda: Disease case study .
- Case study: Hardy Hospital case summary .
- Obesity and its complications: Case study .
- Angina disease case study .
- Nursing ethics case study .
- Case study of a patient: Assessment and treatment plan .
- Cecile case study: Mrs. J .
- Nursing power in the emergency department: Case study .
- Heart failure case study: Mrs. J .
- Application of ethics in nursing: Case study .
- Sudden visual impairment: Case study .
- Epidemiology case study: Outbreak at Watersedge — Public health discovery game .
- Wellness of senior citizens: Case study .
- Healthcare organization evaluation: Case study of Banner Health .
⏱️ Bonus: Tips on Writing a Case Study in Record Time
Need to prepare a case study on nursing or in another field? Below you’ll find a collection fo tips that will help you do it as quickly as possible!
3 Shortcuts for a Quick Start
If you’re about to start writing a case study, you should check yourself if you’re not doing any of the following:
- spending too much time on selecting a topic;
- reading too much before selecting a topic;
- making conclusions too early – creating bias.
Instead of killing time doing the three useless things discussed above, consider these:
- Choose approach. Note that there are 2 major approaches to case studies: the analytical approach (investigating possible reasons without making any conclusions) and problem-oriented approach (focusing on a particular problem and investigating it).
- Skim some sources (DON’T READ THEM). Select several sources. Simply skim abstracts and conclusions.
- Start making notes early. Simply reading is ineffective unless you’re lucky to have a phenomenal memory. Always make notes of any useful arguments.
4 Shortcuts Not to Get Stuck in the Middle
Even if you kick started your case study, it’s too early to celebrate it. Consider the following traps in the middle of the project:
- Watch the structure. The classic logical structure is your formula of success. It will help you move from one point to another without the unnecessary procrastination:
- Respect the logic. Make your case study flow – make logical transitions between the different parts and make it consistent. Avoid changing your position throughout the paper.
- Be detail-oriented. Any trifle deserves attention when you write a case study.
- Avoid bias. Be sure that all your opinions are based on the specific arguments form the case study. Avoid pouring your biased views into the project.
3 Shortcuts for a Happy Ending
- Offer a realistic solution. College case study is a rehearsal of real-life situations. Take the responsibility for your suggestions.
- Keep your conclusion short. Avoid repeating the details and don’t include any new information.
- Consider creating a Power Point. If your task is not only writing a case study, but also presenting it – why not create PowerPoint slides to help you?
As the last step on your way to a perfect nursing case study, prepare the title page. Its format usually depends on the professor’s requirements. But if you know the citation style, our Title Page Maker is a perfect tool to apply the right formatting and accelerate the process. And if you have any know-how on how to write a medical case study, you are very welcome to share it with other students in the comments below.
❓ Nursing Case Study: FAQ
What is a case study in nursing.
A nursing case study explores the condition of a patient. It is based on previous clinical records, lab reports, and other medical and personal information. A case study focuses on the patient and describes the treatment that was (or should be) applied and its (expected) outcome.
How to Write a Nursing Case Study?
- Collect the bulk of data available about the patient.
- Read literature about the diagnosed condition.
- Focus on the individual patient and their symptoms.
- Describe the situation and outline its development in time.
- Analyze the actions of the medical personnel that have been done.
- Plan further treatment of the patient.
Why Are Case Studies Good for Nursing Students?
Nursing case studies offer you a priceless opportunity to gain experience of different patient conditions and cure methods without visiting the clinic. You can think about whether the proposed treatment was appropriate or wrong and suggest a better solution. And the best thing, your teacher will indicate your mistakes (and no patient will be hurt in the process).
Why Are Case Studies Important in Nursing?
- You learn to distinguish the relevant data and analyze it.
- You learn to ask the right questions.
- You learn to evaluate the severity of symptoms.
- You learn to make better diagnoses.
- You train your critical thinking in terms of treatment methods
- Case studies are in-class simulators of authentic atmosphere in a clinical ward.
- What is a case study? | Evidence-Based Nursing
- Case Studies – Johns Hopkins Medicine
- Case Study Research Design in Nursing
- Case study report for Nursing | Learning Lab – RMIT University
- Case Study or Nursing Care Study? – jstor
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How to Write a Nursing Case Study Essay
- writing a nursing essay
- how to write an essay
- nursing case study
- nursing essay
Actually, there is a long history of writing for such students:
- They must learn how to write a nursing entrance essay, because no one can get into nursing school without one. They often struggle with these, do some research and look for tips on writing a nursing school admission essay.
- If these students are looking of financial aid, the may indeed have to compose an amazing nursing scholarship essay
- Many courses in medical fields require essays, research papers, lab reports and more. And many of them are really challenging because they are all on scientific topics and often involve some lab research. A typical medical school essay, for example will involve research of existing literature and the setting up of a study based upon that literature.
Writing a Nursing Essay
Nursing students will find that a basic essay assignment will have the same structure as essays they have written for non-medical courses – introduction, body, and conclusion. The one thing that may differ in the essay writing process may be the formatting. It is common for Harvard formatting to be required in medical programs, so students will want to research Harvard strategies for best essay writing. The “rules” are definitely a bit different.
The other caveat in all of this is that medical students’ essays do regularly involve some lab research that the student has conducted. In these cases, the conclusion will be a bit different from that of another type of essay. Often, the conclusion must speak to the significance of the results of a study. Learning how to write a conclusion for a nursing essay can be a bit challenging and will take some practice.
Writing That Nursing Case Study Essay
It is inevitable. As nursing students move into their upper level coursework, they will be spending far more time in hospitals completing lots of field experience. And there is coursework associated with those practicums. Part of that coursework will involve one or more case study essays. These are different from any other writing assignments you have had in the past. Let’s look at how a case study is structured – while specific department guidelines may vary a bit, the elements will be common.
What is a Case Study?
A nursing case study is an in-depth study of a patient that is encountered during the student’s daily practice in a practicum. They are important learning experiences because the student can apply classroom/theoretical learning to an actual situation and perhaps make some conclusions and recommendations. It will require lots of planning of methodology, literature reviews, and careful documentation as the case study proceeds.
Sections of a Case Study
There are three large sections – Information about the Patient; The Nurse’s Assessment of the Patient’s Status; and the Treatment Plan, along with Recommendations. Within each large section there are sub-sections.
Section 1 – Patient Status
This section includes demographic information, the patient’s medical history, and the current patient’s diagnosis, condition, and treatment.
Here you will obviously speak about the patient – and you will commit all of this information to writing. Do not rely on your memory – write everything down. You will also need to explain why the information is important to include in your study. You will need to include the reasons why the patient sought medical care and make note of the first symptoms the patient experienced. Next, you will identify the subsequent diagnosis that was made.
Given the diagnosis, what is the process/progression of the disease? You should include its causes, the symptoms, what you have observed. Describe what your role as a nurse will be.
Section 2 – Nursing Assessment
You will need to prepare your own assessment of the patient’s condition. And as you produce that assessment, be certain to explain why you have made each assessment. For example, suppose a patient has a diagnosis of cancer. One of the symptom presentations is difficulty in urination. You will need to document that urination issue and suggest potential causes of it. Then you will need to come up with options for treatment based upon the potential causes. And, in this case, how will you determine the cause of the issue?
Section 3 – The Current Treatment and Recommendations for Improving It
Describe the treatment – medication, therapy, etc. and explain why each treatment is appropriate for the disease. You will also need to discuss how the treatment plan is improving the patient’s quality of life.
What are the treatment goals? What are the benchmarks for assessing success and how, specifically, will it be documented?
The Implementation and Documentation
Once the treatment has been implemented, it will be your job to document each treatment activity – time, dose, etc. – and then track the improvement that does or does not occur. Suppose, for example, that you begin a regimen of a diuretic for your cancer patient. How will you determine success? How long will you implement the treatment to determine success or not? And if it is not successful, what is your next treatment option?
The data you gather must be carefully recorded and then reported in this section of your case study. This is the same as any scientific study. You must also analyze the data before you make decisions about the efficacy of the treatment plan and come to conclusions.
Toward the end of this section, you will be making recommendations – they may be simply to continue the current treatment plan; you may have conducted some research that shows another or an additional treatment plan is warranted. In this case, you may very well recommend this new treatment plan. Just remember, you must justify any recommendation you make, and usually this comes from medical research literature.
Crafting a nursing case study really has two major tasks.
- First, you select a patient, and begin to collect history. You also set up treatment plans and collect data to determine the efficacy of the plan and then determine your recommendations.
- Second, you actually have to write up the final piece. And it must be impeccably written.
If you have concerns about your writing skills, consider finding an essay writing service nursing department. While there are lots of writing services out there, you want one that has a specific group of researchers and writers with experience in producing medical case studies. You may even find a specific nursing essay writing service UK that exists only for helping medical program students. Such experts will be familiar with the style, tone, formatting, and terminology and can make quick work of your write-up.
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Nursing Case Study Writing and Relevant Examples
Table of Contents
Nursing case studies play a crucial role in nursing education and professional development. They are detailed analyses of real-life scenarios. It allows nurses to apply theoretical knowledge to practical situations.
In this blog, we will explore the process of writing nursing case studies examples for better understanding. Complex patient cases are a common occurrence for nurses, and case studies provide useful guidance for handling them successfully.
Through case studies, nurses can evaluate their performance, pinpoint areas for development, and improve the way they provide patient care. These studies are helpful for learners, teachers, and seasoned nurses who want to increase their clinical knowledge. Nursing case studies can be analysed to help nurses understand how to adopt evidence-based practices.
As numerous healthcare experts collaborate on case studies, they also encourage broad interaction. Nursing case studies demonstrate the good impact nurses can have on patients’ lives, and they are both educational and inspirational.
The reader will be given instructions on how to write and evaluate strong nursing case studies in the parts that follow. In this section, we’ll look at the key elements of a thorough nursing case study. To illustrate various clinical circumstances, actual case study nursing examples will also be given. By analysing and using clinical reasoning, readers will learn practical information on how to write a nursing case study.
Preparing for the Case Study
Understanding the Patient:
Examine the patient’s medical background, taking note of any previous conditions, drugs, and treatments. Become familiar with the patient’s present state, diagnosis, and prognosis. Identify any comorbid conditions or underlying health issues that may have an impact on the case study.
Gathering Relevant Data:
Obtain permission from the patient and healthcare team to access their medical records. Collect comprehensive data, including vital signs, lab results, imaging reports, and nursing assessments. Interview the patient, family members, and caregivers to understand their perspectives and experiences.
Identifying Key Issues:
Analyse the data to identify the primary health issues and nursing care priorities. Determine any potential complications or challenges that need to be addressed.
Conduct a thorough review of relevant medical literature and evidence-based research. Look for studies that address similar patient cases and explore successful nursing interventions.
Ensure patient confidentiality and privacy is maintained throughout the case study. Obtain consent from the patient or their legal representative for using their information.
Formulating Learning Objectives:
Define clear learning objectives for the case study. Also, specify the knowledge and skills to be gained. Align the objectives with the educational or clinical purpose of the case study.
Selecting the Case Study Format:
Choose an appropriate format for presenting the case study. Determine whether the case study will focus on an individual patient or a group scenario.
Incorporating Nursing Concepts:
Integrate relevant nursing theories, concepts, and frameworks into the case study. Demonstrate how nursing knowledge is applied in clinical decision-making.
Consultation and Collaboration:
Collaborate with other healthcare professionals to gain insights from different perspectives. Seek guidance from nursing instructors or mentors to enhance the quality of the case study.
Keep the patient at the centre of the case study, emphasising their needs and preferences. Highlight the nurse-patient relationship and communication followed during the care process in the nursing case study assignment sample.
Allocate sufficient time for data collection, analysis, and writing of the case study. Avoid rushing through the process to ensure a comprehensive and thoughtful study.
Keep track of all sources used, including research papers, textbooks, and clinical guidelines. Ensure proper citation and referencing to acknowledge the contributions of other authors.
Review and Approval:
Seek feedback from colleagues or instructors on the case study draft. Revise and edit the content as necessary based on their input. Obtain final approval before sharing or publishing the case study.
Components of a Nursing Case Study
Introduce the patient and provide relevant background information. State the purpose and objectives of the case study. Set the context for the reader to understand the significance of the case.
Present a complete overview of the patient’s medical history. It must include details about previous illnesses, surgeries, and medical treatments. Then you need to explain the patient’s current health status and any relevant social or environmental factors.
Identify the nursing diagnoses based on the assessment data. Clearly state the problems or potential risks the patient is facing. Provide a rationale for each nursing diagnosis.
Highlight the collaboration with other healthcare professionals in the patient’s care. Describe how interdisciplinary teamwork contributes to achieving positive outcomes. Emphasise the role of different team members in the case study.
Discussion and Analysis:
Interpret the findings of the case study and analyse the results of nursing interventions. Reflect on the strengths and limitations of the nursing care provided. Discuss any unexpected or unique aspects of the case.
Explain the clinical reasoning behind the nursing decisions made during the case. Discuss the factors that influenced the choice of interventions and patient management. Highlight critical thinking skills employed in the decision-making process.
Share insights gained from the case study and their implications for future practice. Discuss any challenges faced and lessons that could benefit other nurses in similar situations. Relate the case study to broader nursing knowledge and evidence-based guidelines.
Provide a list of all sources referenced in the case study. Follow the appropriate citation style for academic or professional purposes. Ensure accurate and complete citations to support the credibility of the case study.
Writing the Nursing Case Study
Introduce the patient, using a pseudo name to protect privacy. Include personal information such as age, gender, and occupation. Describe the patient’s medical history and current symptoms.
Detail the patient’s chief complaints and reasons for seeking medical attention. Present the findings of the initial assessment and examination.
Medical and Nursing Diagnoses:
Clearly state the medical diagnosis given by the physician. Identify the nursing diagnoses based on the patient’s assessment data. Explain the relationship between medical and nursing diagnoses, if applicable.
Assessment and Data Collection:
Provide a comprehensive account of the patient’s assessment data. Include both objective measurements and subjective information. Organise the data logically and coherently.
Planning and Interventions:
Describe the nursing care plan developed for the patient. Present the nursing interventions aimed at addressing each nursing diagnosis. Use evidence-based rationales to justify the selected interventions.
Implementation of Nursing Care:
Narrate the execution of nursing interventions in chronological order. Include details of how each intervention was carried out. Discuss any modifications made to the care plan during implementation.
Collaboration with Healthcare Team:
Explain the collaborative efforts with other healthcare professionals in the patient’s care. Highlight the contributions of various team members in achieving positive outcomes.
Patient Response and Outcomes:
Evaluate the patient’s response to the nursing interventions. Use measurable criteria to assess the effectiveness of the care provided. Describe any changes in the patient’s condition and progress.
Reflection and Analysis:
Reflect on the overall care provided to the patient. Analyse the successes and challenges encountered during the case. Discuss what could have been done differently or improved upon.
Lessons Learned and Takeaways:
Share valuable insights gained from the case study. Discuss the implications for nursing practice and education. Identify key learning points that can benefit other nurses.
Summarise the key highlights of the case study. Reiterate the significance of the case in nursing practice and education. End with a thoughtful closing statement.
Provide a comprehensive list of all sources cited in the case study. Follow the appropriate citation style consistently throughout the document.
Include any additional materials, such as charts, graphs, or images relevant to the case. Ensure proper labelling and referencing of the appendices in the main text.
Examples of Nursing Case Studies
Example 1: paediatric patient with asthma.
Introduce a 7-year-old patient diagnosed with persistent asthma . Provide relevant information about the child’s medical history, allergies, and family history. Next, you must describe presenting symptoms, such as wheezing and shortness of breath. Identify nursing diagnoses like ineffective airway clearance and knowledge deficit related to asthma management – present assessment findings, including peak flow readings and respiratory rate. Describe nursing interventions, such as administering bronchodilators and teaching inhaler techniques. Highlight collaboration with the child’s parents and paediatrician for comprehensive care. Evaluate improvements in the child’s lung function and self-management skills. Finally, discuss the importance of patient education and family involvement in paediatric asthma management.
Tips for a Compelling Nursing Case Study
Select an Interesting Case:
Choose a case that is relevant, unique, and aligns with the learning objectives. Select cases with diverse patient demographics and conditions to broaden perspectives.
Focus on Learning Objectives:
Clearly define the educational goals and outcomes of the case study. Ensure that the case addresses specific nursing competencies and skills.
Use a Patient-Centred Approach:
Keep the patient at the centre of the case study narrative. Incorporate the patient’s perspective and experiences whenever possible.
Provide Comprehensive Patient Background:
Present a detailed and relevant patient history, including medical, social, and psychological aspects. Include information that influences the patient’s current health status and nursing care.
Document Data Accurately:
You need to record assessment findings, interventions, and outcomes precisely. Use objective and subjective data to support nursing decisions.
Apply Evidence-Based Practice:
Base nursing interventions and care decisions on current evidence and best practices. Provide rationales for the chosen interventions with references to credible sources.
Emphasise Critical Thinking:
Demonstrate critical thinking skills in analysing data and making clinical judgments. Discuss the reasoning behind nursing actions and problem-solving processes.
Address Ethical Considerations:
Highlight ethical dilemmas encountered during the case study. Discuss how ethical principles were applied to resolve these dilemmas.
Include Collaborative Efforts:
Illustrate teamwork and collaboration with other healthcare professionals. Emphasise the value of interdisciplinary cooperation in patient care.
Present Realistic and Complex Situations:
Incorporate challenges that nurses commonly face in clinical practice. Address scenarios that require critical decision-making and effective communication.
Use Clear and Concise Language:
Write in a professional and easily understandable manner. Avoid jargon and complex medical terms unless necessary.
Include Supporting Materials:
Use visuals like charts, graphs, or images to enhance understanding. Ensure that all supporting materials are relevant and properly labelled.
Reflect on the Case Study:
Include a reflection on the learning experience and personal growth as a nurse. Discuss how the case study impacted future nursing practice.
Edit and Review Thoroughly:
Proofread the case study for errors in grammar, spelling, and punctuation. Seek feedback from peers or mentors to improve the clarity and quality of the document.
Respect Patient Confidentiality:
Use pseudonyms and de-identify any personal information to protect patient privacy. Adhere to ethical guidelines and obtain informed consent if required.
Share Lessons Learned:
Share the case study with colleagues and nursing students to promote knowledge-sharing. Encourage open discussions about the case to foster a collaborative learning environment.
Reviewing and Editing the Case Study
Check for Clarity and Coherence:
Ensure that the case study is well-organised and flows logically. Then review the content to verify that it effectively communicates the intended message.
Verify Accuracy of Information:
Double-check all medical and nursing data for accuracy and consistency. For cross-reference information, provide reliable sources and references.
Evaluate Alignment with Learning Objectives:
Confirm that the case study addresses the defined learning objectives. Remove any irrelevant or extraneous information that does not contribute to the objectives.
Assess Compliance with Guidelines:
Review any specific guidelines or requirements for the case study assignment. Always ensure adherence to formatting, citation style, and length specifications.
Edit for Grammar and Language:
Correct any grammatical errors, spelling mistakes, or punctuation issues. Try to use clear and concise language to enhance readability. Define and explain any technical terms or medical jargon used in the case study. Also, avoid to assume the reader’s familiarity with specialised terminology.
Consistency in Terminology and Abbreviations:
Maintain consistency in the use of medical terms and abbreviations throughout the case study. Use standard and accepted abbreviations in the medical field.
Ensure Patient Confidentiality:
Review the case study to eliminate any identifying information about the patient. Use pseudonyms and de-identify all personal data to protect patient privacy.
Check Referencing and Citations:
Verify that all sources and references are properly cited within the case study. Follow the specified citation style consistently.
Include Relevant Supporting Materials:
Confirm that all charts, graphs, or images included in the case study are relevant and labelled appropriately. Ensure they enhance the understanding of the presented information.
Review Clinical Reasoning and Decision-Making:
Assess the nursing care provided and the rationale behind each intervention. Ensure the case study demonstrates critical thinking and clinical judgment.
Seek Feedback from Peers or Instructors:
Share the case study with colleagues or nursing mentors for review. Consider their feedback and suggestions for improvements.
Remove Redundancies and Irrelevant Information:
Eliminate any duplicated content or irrelevant details that do not contribute to the case study’s focus. Keep the content concise and focused on the essential aspects of the case.
Conduct a final thorough proofreading of the case study. Check for any remaining errors or inconsistencies before submission or publication.
To end with
Nursing case studies serve as valuable tools in nursing education and professional development. These real-life scenarios provide nurses with an opportunity to apply theoretical knowledge to practical situations, enhancing critical thinking and clinical decision-making skills. Writing a compelling nursing case study necessitates a patient-centred approach, accurate data documentation, evidence-based practice, and clear and concise language. Nurses should emphasise critical thinking and ethical considerations while collaborating with the healthcare team to ensure holistic patient care.
Throughout this article, we have explored the key aspects of creating compelling nursing case studies. Still, if you are facing any difficulty, then opt for free nursing case studies for nursing students with answers. By embracing these tips and guidelines, you can create impactful case studies that contribute to your professional growth and the advancement of nursing practice.
Most Popular Frequently Asked Questions
How to write a nursing case study.
Ans: To write a nursing case study, the first thing you must do is to understand the patient’s background. Then conduct assessments, formulate nursing diagnoses, plan interventions and evaluate outcomes.
What is a Case Study in Nursing?
Ans: A case study in nursing is a detailed analysis of a real-life patient scenario, exploring nursing care, interventions, and outcomes.
How do I write a nursing case study?
Ans: To write a nursing case study, gather patient data, identify nursing diagnoses, plan and implement interventions, and evaluate patient outcomes.
How do you write a nurse case study format?
Ans: Write a nurse case study in a structured format with sections like introduction, patient background, assessment, interventions, outcomes, and discussion.
What is a case study for nurses?
Ans: A case study for nurses involves examining real patient cases, analysing nursing care, and showcasing clinical decision-making skills.
What is an example of a nurse case study in research?
Ans: An example of a nurse case study in research might involve a patient with a specific condition like diabetes, addressing nursing interventions and patient outcomes.
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The objective of this paper is to analyse the case of health scenario of Mr. Carlos Sanchez as described below:
Mr. Sanchez is a 69-year old gentleman who lives at home with his wife Sandra. He is a retired public servant and has smoked heavily for the last 50 years. Since his retirement four years ago, Carlos had mildly elevated blood pressure for which he took diltiazem daily. Two years ago, he was diagnosed with type II diabetes mellitus for which he was prescribed metformin. However, Carlos often forgets to take his daily sugar tablet. He is overweight and likes nothing better than to have a couple of glasses of wine and cheese every night with his wife. Over the last few weeks, he started to get breathless when gardening or walking up the gentle hill near his house. On Friday afternoon, while gardening while with Sandra, Carolos collapsed. Sandra rang ambulance and within twenty minutes he arrives to the emergency department on a stretcher.
Prior to the admission, the patient was reported to be having mild blood pressure, suffering from Type II diabetes, panting for breadth. By disposition, he was obese, a regular drinker and heavy smoker. Besides, he was forgetful to take his medication of Metformin prescribed for diabetes.
At the time of admission, his conditions were reported to be as follows:
- He was struggling to breadth, conscious, but characterised by confusion.
The nurse who conducted a preliminary check had recorded the following readings:
- PR: 96 bpm, irregular, RR: 35 breaths/min, shallow and BP: 160/110 mmHg
- SpO2: Unable to be determined
The intern on duty who did a physical examination recorded that he had left and right crackles to mid-lung field and oedema to ankles and knees. According to him the preliminary findings point towards the occurrence of congestive heart failure but in order to confirm he opines for the need to take additional tests towards which he orders for electro cardiogram and chest x-ray.
The results show the existence of atrial fibrillation, pulmonary oedema, and cardiac hypertrophy.
(a) Atrial fibrillation
Episodes of Atrial fibrillation (AF) can either be sudden or chronical in nature. It is considered to be chronic if it reappears after seven days. It is termed to be persistent if the attack does not cease within a period of 48 hours. In a majority of the patients, (between 70 and 80%), AF is associated with organic heart disorders, characterised by coronary heart disease, hypertension accompanied by left ventricular hypertrophy, valve disease and or congenital heart defects.
Some of the important causes for the occurrence of AF could be traced to reversible factors as alcohol ingestion, hypothyroidism, or pulmonary embolism. It often causes irregular and rapid heart rate resulting in palpitations, dyspnoea, and asthenia. It also causes impairment of hemodynamic function while at rest or physical activity. Its presence increases the risk of cerebrovascual insults (Wolf, 1991). In a number of surveys, (Kannel, 1982), it has been established that the cardiac and total mortality in patients with AF is doubled when compared with sex and age-adjusted groups in sinus-rhythm. A dominant part of such risk is attributed to the underlying structural heart diseases. It needs however to be noted the risk level of those diagnosed with lone A.F. is at much lesser risk, at least in those who age is below 60 years (Kopecky, 1987). This could be due to the fact that a decreasing tendency of the occurrence of primary AF is seen due to the availability of sophisticated diagnostic procedure which facilitates the exposure of the underlying diseases faster. Its occurrence in elderly patients is also relatively lesser.
The pathophysiological mechanisms of sudden attack and of chronic AF even though have not been fully understood, yet the factors that are known to contribute to it are (i) shortened refractory period, (ii) regional variations of refractoriness and conduction velocity and (iii) increased ectopic activity. The substrate of AF is described as a continuous activation of the atrial myocardium characterised by reentry of several circles which are not anatomically fixed but found to be spread and mingled in a seemingly chaotic pattern (Moe, 1962). The probable reason for the forming of several reentry cycles could be attributed to the short refractoriness and slow conduct velocity respectively which results in short wavelength. This is confirmed by the existence of electrophysiologic remodeling with the gradual shortening of the refractory period during the first hours to days of an attack of atrial fibrillation. This also contributes to the stabilisation of the atrial fibrillation and in fact this has led to the formulation of the statement that ‘atrial fibrillation begets atrial fibrillation (Wijffels, 1995).
(b) Cardiac hypertrophy
Cardiac hypertrophy is characterised by an increase in the mass of the contractile and ancillary proteins of the heart. Hypertension is seen as the commonest cause for the occurrence of cardiac hypertrophy. It not only increases the risk of myocardial ischaemia and ventricular arrhythmias, but also constitutes an independent risk for the sudden death of the patient wherein the origin is unknown (Shapiro & Sugdeu, 1996)
A close relationship exists between total peripheral resistance (TPR) and hypertension. When the TPR is elevated diastolic rather than systolic blood pressure rises (Guyton & Hall, 2000, Opie, 2004). The starting phase of hypertension is marked by an increase in the TPR associated with the tropic factors in the blood vessel wall (Marrero et al, 1997).They cause cardiac hypertrophy. Besides, cardiac hypertrophy is more correlated to systolic dysfunction than diastolic dysfunction (Middlemost, 1999). Alcohol consumption constitutes one of the important pathophysiological bases for cardiac hypertrophy. Furthermore where there is the presence of cardiac hypertrophy, there is a greater potential for arrhythmia.
(c) Pulmonary Oedema
Pulmonary Oedema is a condition where there is an abnormal accumulation of fluid in the lungs. It is characterised by the accumulation of fluid accompanied by low-protein content in the lung interstitium and alveoli due to cardiac dysfunction.
The pathophysiological mechanisms that account for Pulmonary Oedema are (a) increased pulmonary capillary pressure, (b) possible damages to the alveolar-capillary barrier, (iii) lymphatic obstruction.
Pulmonary Oedema could be caused by excessive intravascular volume administration, pulmonary venous outflow obstruction, and or failure of the left atrial myxoma. Such patients develop acute breathlessness, anxiety and marked confusion.
In the case of the patient discussed in this paper, the conditions suggest the existence of Cardiogenic Pulmonary Edema, the effect of which could lead to congestive heart failure (CHS), or severe arrhythmias, or heart attack with left ventricular failure, and or can lead to crisis arising out of fluid overload resulting in kidney failure or a hypertensive crisis (Mehta, S & Nava, 2005, Cotter et al, 2008).
Congestive Heart failure (CHF)
CHF refers to a syndrome wherein there is an inability seen in the heart to pump sufficient quantity of oxygenated blood to meet the needs of the body. Patients likely to be subjected to it suffer from shortness of breath, pulmonary oedema and it can result among other things in liver congestion.
From a pathophysiology point of view, when CHF occurs and drop in cardiac output, the sympathetic nervous system (SNS) gets stimulated. This results in increased heart rate and force of contraction, in addition to increased preload of left end diastolic pressure and vascular resistance. Vasoconstriction also occurs.
The kidneys try to compensate for the initial decrease in cardiac output by decreasing the renal perfusion and activating the rennin-angiotensin-aldosterone-system (RAAS).
However, in either acute or chronic heart failure such initial compensatory mechanisms ultimately prove counterproductive. Once either the left or right ventricle loses its ability to handle the increase preload, there is a back up of fluid. In the case of left ventricle, the accumulation of the fluid reaches the pulmonary bed which is responsible for the causing of shortness of breath, dyspnea on exertion and result in pulmonary oedema. On the other hand, when the involved part is right ventricle, the fluid has a tendency to get into the systemic circulation and produces such symptoms as elevated central venous pressure, (CVP), hepatomegaly, anorexia, edema etc (Hunt et al, 2009).
Electrocardiogram (ECG) is one of non-invasive tests conducted to identify underlying heart problems. It is used to diagnose heart diseases and provides measurements indicating how well the heart is pumping, especially the left ventricle ejection fraction , ILVEF), changes in the structure of heart post to a heart failure, and also to indicate the type and severity of heart failure that could have occurred (Hess & Carroll, 2007, Rich & McLaughlin, 2001).
Wherever the physician suspects irregular spacing of heartbeats deviating from the normal rate ranging between 60 and 150 beats a minute, they can order for the conduct of electrocardiogram test. In such cases, it can act as a principal tool for the diagnosis of cardiac arrhythmias. In addition, it also provides valuable information to the physician on the state of the heart muscle arising out certain alterations in the electrocardiographic complexes, in particular the QRS-T part. Nonetheless, the interpretation of results assume a critical significance for the reason a normal ECG can show up in patients with serious heart problems while at the same time showing up of abnormal electrocardiogram in itself need automatically indicate the existence of serious heart disease. However, this does not dispense away the utility of this tool for preliminary investigation in the assessment of the patient with suspected heart failure for the reason if the ECG is totally normal, it is reasonable for the physician to arrive at a conclusion that a patient is unlikely to have a heart failure (Hurst JW, 2005).
2.2.2. Chest X-rayagnosis
Chest radiology can provide additionally useful information particularly in regard to the presence or absence of cardiomegaly (Fonseca et al, 2004). It can also throw light on the existence of pulmonary congestion. Besides, it can provide clues to the causes of breathlessness as for instance as to whether it is due to the presence of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease or consolidation. Its limitation consists in the fact that its quality cannot be assured in older patients, especially those in whom chest wall abnormalities are found.
It is a life saving drug, shorter diuretics, when administered intravenous acts in minutes and is effective for six hours. It is given to eliminate Pulmonary Oedema.
It is a cardiac glucoside where there is a likelihood of heart failure.
It is anticoagulant and when given subcutaneous aims at handling deficiency of coronary blood circulation. When the dynamic circulation of blood gets altered, it results in stasis of fluid. This can result in the springing of blood clots. When administered subcutaneous, it helps in the prevention of fibrous clot formation and or alters the traveling of such clots.
It is an Angiotensin inhibitor and is given for the control of hypertension. It works on the kidney and prevents the conversion of Angiotensin 1 to Angiotensin 2.
Conclusions When considered from the situation and experience of this nursing professional, the patient has been given the right kind of treatment and the tests asked for appear to be relevant. This can also be said about the medication, but for the following observations. Large doses of Frusemide can result in the depletion of potassium and hence there is a need for giving potassium supplement. There is no information whether this was done. Enalpril is now-a-days is replaced by Telemasarta. There is no reason given as to diltiazem was stopped. There is also no information on the dosages and no explicit information on the seriousness of the condition of the patient. This can only be inferred and points towards the fact that at the time of admission the patient condition was serious.
Cotter, G., Felker, G. M., Adams, K. F., Milo-Cotter, O., & O’Connor, C. M. (January 01, 2008): The pathophysiology of acute heart failure–is it all about fluid accumulation? American Heart Journal, 155, 1, 9-18.
Fonseca C , Mota T, Morais H et al. EPICA investigator (September, 01, 2004): The value of the electrocardiogram and chest x-ray for confirming or refuting a suspected diagnosis of heart failure in the community. Eur J Heart : 6 ( 6 ): 793 –4
Guyton, A. C., & Hall, J. E. (2000): Textbook of medical physiology . Philadelphia: Saunders
Hess OM and Carroll JDClinical assessment of heart failure (2007): In: Libby P, Bonow RO, Mann DL, Zipes DP, eds. Libby: Braunwald’s Heart Disease: A Textbook of Cardiovascular Medicine . 8th ed. Saunders
Hurst, J. W. (January 01, 2005): Observational data suggesting there are electrocardiographic abnormalities that strongly suggest the presence of chronic heart failure. Clinical Cardiology, 28, 3, 154-7
Hunt SA, Abraham WT, Chin MH, et al. (2009): Focused update incorporated into the ACC/AHA 2005 Guidelines for the Diagnosis and Management of Heart Failure in Adults: a report of the American College of Cardiology Foundation/American Heart Association Task Force on Practice Guidelines: developed in collaboration with the International Society for Heart and Lung Transplantation. Circulation 2009; 119:e391
Kannel, W. B., Abbott, R. D., Savage, D. D., & McNamara, P. M. (January 01, 1982): Epidemiologic features of chronic atrial fibrillation: the Framingham study. The New England Journal of Medicine, 306, 17, 1018-22
Kopecky, S. L., Gersh, B. J., McGoon, M. D., Whisnant, J. P., Holmes, D. R. J., Ilstrup, D. M., & Frye, R. L. (January 01, 1987): The natural history of lone atrial fibrillation: A population-based study over three decades: The New England Journal of Medicine, 317, 11, 669-74.
Marrero, A. F., al’Absi, M., A, P. G., & Lovallo, W. R. (April 01, 1997): Men at risk for hypertension show elevated vascular resistance at rest and during mental stress. International Journal of Psychophysiology, 25, 3, 185-192.
Mehta, S., & Nava, S. (January 01, 2005): Mask ventilation and cardiogenic pulmonary edema: “another brick in the wall”: Intensive Care Medicine, 31, 6, 757-9
Middlemost, (January, 01 1999): Beyond systolic and diastolic blood pressure. Cardiology, 21:28-35.
Moe GK, (1962): On the multiple wavelet hypothesis of atrial fibrillation Arch Int pharmacodyn Ther: 140:183–188
Opie, L. H. (1998). The heart: Physiology, from cell to circulation . Philadelphia: Lippincott-Raven.
Rich, S., & McLaughlin, V. V. (2001): Pulmonary hypertension . Philadelphia: W.B. Saunders.
Shapiro LM, Sugdeu, P.H., (1996): Left ventricular hypertrophy: In: Julian DG, Camm AJ., FOX KM, Hall RTC, Pools-Wilson PA: Editors: Disease of the heart: 2nd ed, London: Saunders
Wijffels, M. C., Kirchhof, C. J., Dorland, R., & Allessie, M. A. (January 01, 1995): Atrial fibrillation begets atrial fibrillation. A study in awake chronically instrumented goats Circulation, 92, 7, 1954-68
Wolf, P. A., Abbott, R. D., & Kannel, W. B. (August 01, 1991): Atrial fibrillation as an independent risk factor for stroke: the Framingham Study. Stroke, 22, 8, 983-988
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Case study report for nursing
Part 1: what is it and why.
This video introduces the concept of the case study and identifies how case studies differ to other written assignments.
The most important thing in writing up a case study report is that first, second, and thirdly: It is about the patient, not the condition nor the treatment. Students often put the emphasis on the condition or the treatment because the question usually focuses on this. While you need to explore these things, you still have to bring it back to the patient, and keep the patient central to the whole assignment.
We can understand if busy medical professionals start to see their patients in terms of a condition to be fixed, or a procedure to be performed. But ideally, we should remember that a patient is a person with a complex array of needs and preferences. This means that a simple textbook answer is not always best for them.
In your career, you will need to negotiate adjustments and anticipate problems particular to the patient. It does not make sense to discuss a condition in isolation from the individual. Each patient has their own unique kaleidoscope of history, personality type, fears, medical challenges, needs during recovery, so forth and so on. You need to see their condition or their treatment overall, as part of the whole person. Writing a case study teaches you to do that, if you don’t explore the condition or treatment as part of a holistic system, you case study becomes theoretical, it becomes another essay.
Let’s compare the case study to the essays you might have already written. The case study in nursing explores a particular patient’s situation, while your essays will more likely have focused on disease, a treatment, a concept, or a system. A case study is very grounded in the real and the now, even if the patient is a hypothetical invention. It still provides some fairly authentic experience with dealing with an individual patient.
Essays, on the other hand, tend to be literature-based. Of course, you need to do a lot of research and reading for your case study too, but the difference is for a case study you must always view and evaluate the information in the context of your patient. So in a case study, you need to show that you can find and apply information to you patient. For an essay you need to look at the information itself, pull it apart and evaluate it for its own sake.
So even if the question looks like an essay, don’t be distracted. There is still an expectation to relate this to the patient. It is possible to explore the content and theory in a generalised way throughout the assignment, but the beginning of the assignment (and the beginning of each paragraph, in fact) should foreground you're patient and their relationship to this theory.
Part 2: Research and writing
This video provides tips on how to research and structure paragraphs in order to keep a patient centred emphasis in the writing.
An essay, as opposed to a case study, usually has an question or a thesis which defines the boundaries of what you research, You aim to keep it within those parameters. and you delve as deeply as you can into the material. It loses focus if you include stuff outside of the topic.
With a case study, however, your focus is the patient so you need to cast your net widely and generously at first to find something that is relevant to them. And then when you find something relevant, you need to research deeply. So, doing a good case study report involves a lot more reading than you might think. You’ll have to research both generally and deeply.
There can be a lot of research, and fairly unguided research involved in a case study. Don’t assume it’s like a reading comprehension exercise, the problems are not always clearly defined and the solutions have not necessarily been covered in lectures. Think of your case study as a mystery puzzle with a few clues scattered through it.
In reality, patients do not arrive with instructions, so it’s up to the professional to notice that it is obvious and to think outside of the box. It is up to you to anticipate problems for the patient, it is up to you to follow through with the threads of any clues, and to see if they offer any valuable information, and these may only be hinted at indirectly. With years of nursing experience, the clues and danger signs get easier to spot, but it is very challenging for a beginner if you don’t know what to look for, and that is why the broad reading is important.
So, every piece of information about your patient is valuable. When the information is given in the assignment, the facts are not random facts, they have usually been included for a reason, so use them and use them as much as you can. You may, on the other hand, have been told very little in the assignment and be expected to elicit the information yourself from the patient, through a blog, or a question-and-answer session. Asking for more details about their own condition just gives you more details about their condition, and unless you have some reasoning in mind for asking about that, more details per se is usually not that very helpful.
Instead, ask about things that may affect the treatment or recovery; ask about things that may complicate matters. Smoking, relevant illnesses, lack of family support, strenuous lifestyles or jobs are all factors that may generate important decisions about how the patient is treated or cared for. The secret to keeping it about the patient is to keep them foremost into the discussion. You do this by making them the subject of each paragraph, and you do this by making them feature in the topic sentence: at the beginning and, if possible, a summary sentence at the end.
In the middle of a paragraph, you have more flexibility to talk about the procedure or the condition in a more general way. But, at the end of the day, you need to remind us of how this is important for your patient. If you don’t, your writing becomes an essay rather than a case study. And if you feel like you’re being asked to research and to discuss material that is not directly relevant to your patient, you can make it relevant by at least explaining why it is not relevant. Remember, everything you write about should be in relation to your patient.
So remember, it is all about the patient, keep everything relevant to the patient; keep the patient in mind throughout the research and the writing. Explore and discuss what the question requires, but theory for the sake of theory should be avoided. Your mission is to find the best solutions available for your patient, and develop the best understanding that you can of your patient.
You have now complete the Case Study module. We hope you have enjoyed the content. For more study skill resources, please visit the RMIT Learning Lab.
All You Wanted to Know About How to Write a Case Study
What do you study in your college? If you are a psychology, sociology, or anthropology student, we bet you might be familiar with what a case study is. This research method is used to study a certain person, group, or situation. In this guide from our dissertation writing service , you will learn how to write a case study professionally, from researching to citing sources properly. Also, we will explore different types of case studies and show you examples — so that you won’t have any other questions left.
What Is a Case Study?
A case study is a subcategory of research design which investigates problems and offers solutions. Case studies can range from academic research studies to corporate promotional tools trying to sell an idea—their scope is quite vast.
What Is the Difference Between a Research Paper and a Case Study?
While research papers turn the reader’s attention to a certain problem, case studies go even further. Case study guidelines require students to pay attention to details, examining issues closely and in-depth using different research methods. For example, case studies may be used to examine court cases if you study Law, or a patient's health history if you study Medicine. Case studies are also used in Marketing, which are thorough, empirically supported analysis of a good or service's performance. Well-designed case studies can be valuable for prospective customers as they can identify and solve the potential customers pain point.
Case studies involve a lot of storytelling – they usually examine particular cases for a person or a group of people. This method of research is very helpful, as it is very practical and can give a lot of hands-on information. Most commonly, the length of the case study is about 500-900 words, which is much less than the length of an average research paper.
The structure of a case study is very similar to storytelling. It has a protagonist or main character, which in your case is actually a problem you are trying to solve. You can use the system of 3 Acts to make it a compelling story. It should have an introduction, rising action, a climax where transformation occurs, falling action, and a solution.
Here is a rough formula for you to use in your case study:
Problem (Act I): > Solution (Act II) > Result (Act III) > Conclusion.
Types of Case Studies
The purpose of a case study is to provide detailed reports on an event, an institution, a place, future customers, or pretty much anything. There are a few common types of case study, but the type depends on the topic. The following are the most common domains where case studies are needed:
- Historical case studies are great to learn from. Historical events have a multitude of source info offering different perspectives. There are always modern parallels where these perspectives can be applied, compared, and thoroughly analyzed.
- Problem-oriented case studies are usually used for solving problems. These are often assigned as theoretical situations where you need to immerse yourself in the situation to examine it. Imagine you’re working for a startup and you’ve just noticed a significant flaw in your product’s design. Before taking it to the senior manager, you want to do a comprehensive study on the issue and provide solutions. On a greater scale, problem-oriented case studies are a vital part of relevant socio-economic discussions.
- Cumulative case studies collect information and offer comparisons. In business, case studies are often used to tell people about the value of a product.
- Critical case studies explore the causes and effects of a certain case.
- Illustrative case studies describe certain events, investigating outcomes and lessons learned.
Case Study Format
The case study format is typically made up of eight parts:
- Executive Summary. Explain what you will examine in the case study. Write an overview of the field you’re researching. Make a thesis statement and sum up the results of your observation in a maximum of 2 sentences.
- Background. Provide background information and the most relevant facts. Isolate the issues.
- Case Evaluation. Isolate the sections of the study you want to focus on. In it, explain why something is working or is not working.
- Proposed Solutions. Offer realistic ways to solve what isn’t working or how to improve its current condition. Explain why these solutions work by offering testable evidence.
- Conclusion. Summarize the main points from the case evaluations and proposed solutions. 6. Recommendations. Talk about the strategy that you should choose. Explain why this choice is the most appropriate.
- Implementation. Explain how to put the specific strategies into action.
- References. Provide all the citations.
How to Write a Case Study
Let's discover how to write a case study.
Setting Up the Research
When writing a case study, remember that research should always come first. Reading many different sources and analyzing other points of view will help you come up with more creative solutions. You can also conduct an actual interview to thoroughly investigate the customer story that you'll need for your case study. Including all of the necessary research, writing a case study may take some time. The research process involves doing the following:
- Define your objective. Explain the reason why you’re presenting your subject. Figure out where you will feature your case study; whether it is written, on video, shown as an infographic, streamed as a podcast, etc.
- Determine who will be the right candidate for your case study. Get permission, quotes, and other features that will make your case study effective. Get in touch with your candidate to see if they approve of being part of your work. Study that candidate’s situation and note down what caused it.
- Identify which various consequences could result from the situation. Follow these guidelines on how to start a case study: surf the net to find some general information you might find useful.
- Make a list of credible sources and examine them. Seek out important facts and highlight problems. Always write down your ideas and make sure to brainstorm.
- Focus on several key issues – why they exist, and how they impact your research subject. Think of several unique solutions. Draw from class discussions, readings, and personal experience. When writing a case study, focus on the best solution and explore it in depth. After having all your research in place, writing a case study will be easy. You may first want to check the rubric and criteria of your assignment for the correct case study structure.
Read Also: 'CREDIBLE SOURCES: WHAT ARE THEY?'
Although your instructor might be looking at slightly different criteria, every case study rubric essentially has the same standards. Your professor will want you to exhibit 8 different outcomes:
- Correctly identify the concepts, theories, and practices in the discipline.
- Identify the relevant theories and principles associated with the particular study.
- Evaluate legal and ethical principles and apply them to your decision-making.
- Recognize the global importance and contribution of your case.
- Construct a coherent summary and explanation of the study.
- Demonstrate analytical and critical-thinking skills.
- Explain the interrelationships between the environment and nature.
- Integrate theory and practice of the discipline within the analysis.
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Case Study Outline
Let's look at the structure of an outline based on the issue of the alcoholic addiction of 30 people.
- Statement of the issue: Alcoholism is a disease rather than a weakness of character.
- Presentation of the problem: Alcoholism is affecting more than 14 million people in the USA, which makes it the third most common mental illness there.
- Explanation of the terms: In the past, alcoholism was commonly referred to as alcohol dependence or alcohol addiction. Alcoholism is now the more severe stage of this addiction in the disorder spectrum.
- Hypotheses: Drinking in excess can lead to the use of other drugs.
- Importance of your story: How the information you present can help people with their addictions.
- Background of the story: Include an explanation of why you chose this topic.
- Presentation of analysis and data: Describe the criteria for choosing 30 candidates, the structure of the interview, and the outcomes.
- Strong argument 1: ex. X% of candidates dealing with anxiety and depression...
- Strong argument 2: ex. X amount of people started drinking by their mid-teens.
- Strong argument 3: ex. X% of respondents’ parents had issues with alcohol.
- Concluding statement: I have researched if alcoholism is a disease and found out that…
- Recommendations: Ways and actions for preventing alcohol use.
Writing a Case Study Draft
After you’ve done your case study research and written the outline, it’s time to focus on the draft. In a draft, you have to develop and write your case study by using: the data which you collected throughout the research, interviews, and the analysis processes that were undertaken. Follow these rules for the draft:
- Your draft should contain at least 4 sections: an introduction; a body where you should include background information, an explanation of why you decided to do this case study, and a presentation of your main findings; a conclusion where you present data; and references.
- In the introduction, you should set the pace very clearly. You can even raise a question or quote someone you interviewed in the research phase. It must provide adequate background information on the topic. The background may include analyses of previous studies on your topic. Include the aim of your case here as well. Think of it as a thesis statement. The aim must describe the purpose of your work—presenting the issues that you want to tackle. Include background information, such as photos or videos you used when doing the research.
- Describe your unique research process, whether it was through interviews, observations, academic journals, etc. The next point includes providing the results of your research. Tell the audience what you found out. Why is this important, and what could be learned from it? Discuss the real implications of the problem and its significance in the world.
- Include quotes and data (such as findings, percentages, and awards). This will add a personal touch and better credibility to the case you present. Explain what results you find during your interviews in regards to the problem and how it developed. Also, write about solutions which have already been proposed by other people who have already written about this case.
- At the end of your case study, you should offer possible solutions, but don’t worry about solving them yourself.
Use Data to Illustrate Key Points in Your Case Study
Even though your case study is a story, it should be based on evidence. Use as much data as possible to illustrate your point. Without the right data, your case study may appear weak and the readers may not be able to relate to your issue as much as they should. Let's see the examples from essay writing service :
With data: Alcoholism is affecting more than 14 million people in the USA, which makes it the third most common mental illness there. Without data: A lot of people suffer from alcoholism in the United States.
Try to include as many credible sources as possible. You may have terms or sources that could be hard for other cultures to understand. If this is the case, you should include them in the appendix or Notes for the Instructor or Professor.
Finalizing the Draft: Checklist
After you finish drafting your case study, polish it up by answering these ‘ask yourself’ questions and think about how to end your case study:
- Check that you follow the correct case study format, also in regards to text formatting.
- Check that your work is consistent with its referencing and citation style.
- Micro-editing — check for grammar and spelling issues.
- Macro-editing — does ‘the big picture’ come across to the reader? Is there enough raw data, such as real-life examples or personal experiences? Have you made your data collection process completely transparent? Does your analysis provide a clear conclusion, allowing for further research and practice?
Problems to avoid:
- Overgeneralization – Do not go into further research that deviates from the main problem.
- Failure to Document Limitations – Just as you have to clearly state the limitations of a general research study, you must describe the specific limitations inherent in the subject of analysis.
- Failure to Extrapolate All Possible Implications – Just as you don't want to over-generalize from your case study findings, you also have to be thorough in the consideration of all possible outcomes or recommendations derived from your findings.
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How to Create a Title Page and Cite a Case Study
Let's see how to create an awesome title page.
Your title page depends on the prescribed citation format. The title page should include:
- A title that attracts some attention and describes your study
- The title should have the words “case study” in it
- The title should range between 5-9 words in length
- Your name and contact information
- Your finished paper should be only 500 to 1,500 words in length. With this type of assignment, write effectively and avoid fluff.
Here is a template for the APA and MLA format title page:
There are some cases when you need to cite someone else's study in your own one – therefore, you need to master how to cite a case study. A case study is like a research paper when it comes to citations. You can cite it like you cite a book, depending on what style you need.
Citation Example in MLA Hill, Linda, Tarun Khanna, and Emily A. Stecker. HCL Technologies. Boston: Harvard Business Publishing, 2008. Print.
Citation Example in APA Hill, L., Khanna, T., & Stecker, E. A. (2008). HCL Technologies. Boston: Harvard Business Publishing.
Citation Example in Chicago Hill, Linda, Tarun Khanna, and Emily A. Stecker. HCL Technologies.
Case Study Examples
To give you an idea of a professional case study example, we gathered and linked some below.
Eastman Kodak Case Study
Case Study Example: Audi Trains Mexican Autoworkers in Germany
To conclude, a case study is one of the best methods of getting an overview of what happened to a person, a group, or a situation in practice. It allows you to have an in-depth glance at the real-life problems that businesses, healthcare industry, criminal justice, etc. may face. This insight helps us look at such situations in a different light. This is because we see scenarios that we otherwise would not, without necessarily being there. If you need custom essays , try our research paper writing services .
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