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Job Application Email Examples and Writing Tips
Alison Doyle is one of the nation’s foremost career experts.
How To Apply for a Job via Email
- What To Include in Your Job Application Email
Tips for Writing an Application Email
Job application email examples, frequently asked questions (faqs).
There are several different ways to apply for jobs, including by email. How you’ll apply will depend on the company and the position for which you’re applying. In many cases, you’ll submit your application through an online job site or the employer’s job site. For some jobs, particularly retail and hospitality positions, you may be able to apply in person.
A common way to apply for jobs is by sending an application letter, along with a resume, via email. This is especially the case with smaller employers without automated application systems. If the employer wants email applications, it will be noted in the job posting.
Here’s how to apply for a job when an employer asks you to email your application, including what to send, writing tips, and examples.
- Take the time to write a cover letter and use it to show the hiring manager why you're a well-qualified candidate for the job.
- Add a signature to your email, including your phone number, email address, and LinkedIn URL, so it's easy for the employer to get in touch.
- Be sure to include your name and the job for which you're applying in the subject line of the message, so your email is sure to get opened and read.
What’s the best way to use email to apply for jobs? What’s most important is to follow the application instructions in the job posting and only send a resume and cover letter by email if the employer requests it. If the company requests additional information, be sure to include that as well.
Use a professional email account. The email account you use to send your application should be a professional one. If you’re applying for a lot of jobs, you may even want to set up an email account just for job searching. You will be able to easily keep track of your applications because they won’t be mixed in with your personal email. If you use an online email service (Gmail, for example), you’ll be able to access your messages from any device. When you set up the account, try to use a variation of your name, such as firstname.lastname@example.org.
Have your resume ready. Most employers will ask you to send them a copy of your resume, and some will request a cover letter as well. Microsoft has a free version of Word (Word for the web) that you can use to create documents online.
You can use Google Docs to create and save copies of your application. If the employer requests Word or PDF documents, save your documents as Word documents or PDFs and then attach them to your email message.
Google Docs and Gmail are free for personal use, and you can store your application materials on Google Drive, which provides 15 GB of free storage.
Choose a file name for your resume. When you save your resume, include your name in the title so that the employer will know whose resume it is. For example, CalibraKhan_Resume or MichaelCummingsResume.
Be professional. Just because you’re sending your message via email doesn’t mean you can be casual or sloppy. Take the time to carefully compose your email message and the materials you send with it. Your objective is to get an interview, and you’ll need to make the best impression you can.
Include a cover letter. When you send your resume, it’s a good idea to include a cover letter unless the company specifies not to send one. This can be included in your email message, or you can send your cover letter and resume as attachments. A cover letter highlighting your qualifications for the job will help get your application noticed by the hiring manager.
Attach your documents. Before you click send, remember to attach your documents to the email message. In Gmail or Word, click on the paper clip icon to add your application materials to the message. It’s “Attach Files” in Gmail and “Attach” in Word.
Proofread and test your message. It’s also important to write your correspondence as carefully and accurately as you would a printed letter. Proofread your email and send yourself a test message so that you can be sure that the formatting holds up and your attachments come through.
What To Include in Your Job Application Email
Your email job application letter is a cover letter that accompanies your resume. This means that the intent of the email is to let the recipient know
- Why you are writing
- Which job you are applying for
- What your qualifications are for the job
- What you have to offer the company
- How you will follow up or how the recipient can get in touch with you
When sending an email to apply for a job, it’s important to be concise and to grab the hiring manager’s attention with a well-written message that highlights why you’re a good fit for the job. Your message should include the following:
Subject line: Since hiring managers receive a lot of emails, make it easy for them to filter application emails. Include your name and the job title you are applying for in the message's subject line. If a job has been assigned a posting number, provide this as well. For example:
Subject Line: Margaret Hannon – Social Media Marketing Assistant Position (posting #1234)
Salutation: If possible, address your email to a specific person. If the hiring manager's name is not mentioned in the job listing, you can sometimes discover it by reviewing the company's website. If a name isn't available, you can open with "Dear Hiring Manager," as in the sample letter below, or with the more formal “ To Whom It May Concern .”
First paragraph: In the first paragraph of your letter, it’s important to explain why you're writing. Mention where you saw the job application, the date when it was posted, and how you found the posting (e.g., presented on the company's website, posted on a job board, etc.).
If you were referred by a friend or colleague, mention it at the beginning of your email. A referral can help you secure an interview.
Middle paragraphs: This section of the letter is where you can make a pitch for your candidacy. Why would you be a good fit for the job? What can you offer the company? Highlight your most relevant jobs and responsibilities as well as your accomplishments. Make sure not to copy your resume directly.
Final paragraph: Use this space to thank the recipient for reading your email, and mention that your resume is attached. This is also the place to thank the recipient for considering your application. State when and how you will follow up as well.
Closing: Use a formal close such as "Best" or "Sincerely" to sign off your letter, then type your full name.
Email signature: You can also include your email signature, which is an easy way to provide contact information to recipients. List your name, phone number, email address, and LinkedIn profile URL, if you have one. For example:
Margaret Hannon email@example.com 555-123-1234 linkedin.com/in/margarethannon
Don't forget about your resume. Attach it to the email message in the format requested by the employer . If a specific format isn't required, send it as a PDF or Word document.
Review sample email cover letters to help you get started. Just remember to customize your message for every job opening.
Sample Email Job Application Message #1
Subject : Assistant Communications Director – Joseph Green
Dear Hiring Manager,
Your job posting on Craigslist for an Assistant Communications Director piqued my interest. Your description of the work responsibilities for the Assistant Director role closely matches my experience, and I am excited to submit my resume to you for your consideration.
In my position as an Assistant Communications Director for ABC Company, I wrote articles for the company website, edited and posted contributed articles, managed the company's social media presence, and wrote and sent out a weekly email newsletter to subscribers. I also implemented an automated email tool that grew the company's subscriber base by 40% within six months.
While Assistant Communications Director for Assemblyperson Janet Brown, I researched, drafted, and amended legislation, wrote press releases, and was responsible for office communications and correspondence.
My resume is attached. If I can provide you with any further information on my background and qualifications, please let me know.
I look forward to hearing from you. Thank you for your consideration.
Joseph Green Joseph.Green@email.com 202-555-5252
Sample Email Job Application Message #2
Subject: Adjunct Instructor Position - Jane Lee
Dear Ms. Smith,
I was keenly interested in reading the job posting for the position of Anatomy and Physiology Professor at Middleburg University. I believe my experience is a strong match for the responsibilities pertaining to this role, and I’m pleased to submit my application for the position.
My most recent teaching position was at Amery University, where I taught both anatomy and physiology as an adjunct professor. In addition, I served on two faculty committees and participated in a research project.
I have attached my resume to this letter. Through it, I hope you will learn more about my background, education, achievements, and awards.
If I can provide you with any further information, please let me know. I look forward to hearing from you about this opportunity.
Thank you for your consideration.
Jane Lee Jane.Lee@email.com 454-555-4653
Do you need to send a cover letter when you email a resume to apply for a job?
If a job listing requests a cover letter, it’s important to write one. If it’s optional, a cover letter can help boost your application, but it’s not required.
What’s the best file format to use for a resume sent by email
Resumes are typically sent as Adobe PDF files or Microsoft Word documents. Some job postings specify the file format the employer wants to receive, for example, an Adobe PDF file or a Microsoft Word document. Many employers don’t have a preference and accept both.
CareerOneStop. " Online Applications ."
CareerOneStop. " Job Applications ."
Microsoft. “ Use Word, Excel, PowerPoint and More for Free With Office on the Web .”
Google. “ Google Docs .”
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- Job Application Documents
How to Write a Job Application Letter (with Examples)
Last Updated: August 1, 2023 References Approved
Introduction, body paragraphs, closing your letter, expert q&a.
This article was written by Shannon O'Brien, MA, EdM and by wikiHow staff writer, Aly Rusciano . Shannon O'Brien is the Founder and Principal Advisor of Whole U. (a career and life strategy consultancy based in Boston, MA). Through advising, workshops and e-learning Whole U. empowers people to pursue their life's work and live a balanced, purposeful life. Shannon has been ranked as the #1 Career Coach and #1 Life Coach in Boston, MA by Yelp reviewers. She has been featured on Boston.com, Boldfacers, and the UR Business Network. She received a Master's of Technology, Innovation, & Education from Harvard University. There are 8 references cited in this article, which can be found at the bottom of the page. wikiHow marks an article as reader-approved once it receives enough positive feedback. This article has 135 testimonials from our readers, earning it our reader-approved status. This article has been viewed 10,583,349 times.
So, you’ve found your dream job and want to make sure you nail the job application process. You double- and triple-check the criteria—they’re asking for a cover letter. What does that mean, and how do you write it? A cover letter or letter of application is a single page that sums up why you want and deserve the job. Think of it as an extension of your resume; a sales pitch for why you’re the perfect candidate. We’ve put together a step-by-step guide full of examples and tips on how to write a letter of application for a job. With our help and a little finesse, you may soon be calling that dream job your own.
Things You Should Know
- Format your application letter single-spaced and in Times New Roman, Arial, or Calibri font that’s 10- to 12-point in size.
- Open your letter with an engaging and confident first paragraph that briefly includes your qualifications, where you found the job, and your overall interest in the position.
- Show your personality in the body paragraphs by describing the passions that relate to the position in 1 or 2 sentences.
- Use keywords (like leadership, communication, and detail-oriented) from the job description throughout your letter to show that you’ve done your research.
- First and last name
- Phone number
- Email address
- Personal website and/or portfolio link (if you have one)
- If you don’t know the hiring manager's name, search the company’s website or refer to the name of the individual who originally posted the job opening.
- If you’re in doubt about who to address your letter to, use “[Department] Hiring Manager.”
- If you don’t have the employer or hiring manager’s name, use a general but professional opening, “To Whom It May Concern” or “Dear [Department] Hiring Manager.”
- Be short and specific in this opening paragraph—save those details for later.
- Think of your first paragraph as a sales pitch. What can you say that’ll grab their attention immediately? Is there something you have that other candidates don’t that make you more qualified for the position?
- Show the employer that you’re familiar with the company and job application by noting keywords and characteristics valued by the company.
- For example: “I write to apply for the Office Manager position at Acme Investments, Inc. I am an excellent fit for this position, as demonstrated by my extensive background in management and proven success as a corporate administrator.”
- Companies appreciate when job candidates include this information because it lets them know where people are searching for jobs.
- Only include a company contact or friend’s name if you have their permission. This way, they’ll be ready to answer any questions about you and your character later.
- You may write something like: “John Smith recommended that I get in touch with you about the general manager position at EnviroRent,” or “I came across the available position on LinkedIn and believe I am a strong candidate.”
- For instance, if the company needs someone who can lead a team and handle multiple projects at once, note what team projects you’ve led in previous positions and how you improved overall productivity.
- If you have numerical data or stats to back up your accomplishments, include them! This is your time to brag about your achievements and show how you’ve excelled in the workplace.
- Scan the job application for keywords like leadership, communication, management, and detail-oriented. Then, highlight in your letter how you have these characteristics or skills.
- Avoid embellishing any of your qualifications. Remember, an employer can always double-check the facts.
- If you’re not sure what to write, refer to your resume or CV. What have you done that matches the job description best, and how can you elaborate on it?
- For example: “In my previous role, I successfully supported an office of 100 personnel and honed my management and interpersonal skills through customer service and clerical responsibilities.”
- For instance, you could express how the company has impacted you personally and why that’s driven you to apply for the position.
- Although you want to provide details, keep it short. Stick to a 1 to 2-sentence description rather than a full-length story. Your letter should stay under 3 paragraphs.
- Here’s an example: “My passion for teaching began the summer of my sophomore year of high school when I was a camp counselor. I was given the opportunity to teach a class focusing on local plant life, and the campers’ enthusiasm cultivated my love for teaching and conservation.
- For instance, you could write, “I am excited about the possibility of working for you and your company. I would be more than happy to discuss my qualifications and Acme’s future direction in person or via video conference.”
- Keep your call to action brief and open, or provide specific dates you’d be available to meet with the employer.
- For instance, sign off with, “Thank you for your time and consideration. I look forward to hearing from you,” or “Thank you for considering me for this position. If you have any further questions or require additional documentation, please don’t hesitate to contact me.”  X Research source
- If you’re sending your letter via email, import your signature into the document as an image or .png file.
- Always proofread and ask someone else to read over your application letter before you send it. This way, you can make sure it’s absolutely perfect and error-free.  X Trustworthy Source Purdue Online Writing Lab Trusted resource for writing and citation guidelines Go to source Thanks Helpful 0 Not Helpful 0
- Keep the overall tone of the company or employer in mind while writing your letter. For instance, if you’re applying to be a journalist for a prestigious news website, match their word choice and writing style. Thanks Helpful 0 Not Helpful 0
- Be sure to customize your application letter for every job you apply to, even if they have the same qualifications. Thanks Helpful 0 Not Helpful 0
You Might Also Like
- ↑ https://www.ferrum.edu/downloads/careers/cover-letters.pdf
- ↑ https://owl.purdue.edu/owl/job_search_writing/job_search_letters/cover_letters_workshop/formatting_and_organization.html
- ↑ https://icc.ucdavis.edu/materials/cover-letters
- ↑ https://hbr.org/2016/05/learn-to-love-networking
- ↑ https://hbr.org/2014/02/how-to-write-a-cover-letter
- ↑ https://career.colostate.edu/resources/cover-letter-example-csu-career-center/
- ↑ https://www.astate.edu/dotAsset/54eb42cc-33a3-4237-a46e-3f4aaac79389.pdf
- ↑ https://career.gatech.edu/writing-effective-cover-letter
About This Article
The best way to start an application letter is to mention where you found the job opportunity and how your strengths can benefit the employer. Devote time in the body paragraphs to tell the employer more about your experience and qualifications. Explain why you’re the best candidate and finish by inviting the hiring manager to contact you. For suggestions on how to prepare your letter, and examples of what to write, read on! Did this summary help you? Yes No
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15 Cover Letter Templates to Perfect Your Next Job Application
Published: August 10, 2022
Are cover letters necessary? I'm not in HR, but I've been approached by applicants who wondered whether their cover letter would actually be read. My answer is one not many of them wanted to hear: "sometimes." Sometimes it will be read. Other times, you can get away with just sending in your resume — like when you network your way into applying for a position.
The truth is, you can't really predict on a case-by-case basis — and you're better safe than sorry. For the most part, having a cover letter will give you an upper hand in ways your resume doesn't. It allows you to show off your writing skills, provide details that you couldn't fit on your resume, demonstrate your passion, and show your willingness to put in as much time and effort as possible.
If you’ve ever rolled your eyes or balked at an application that required a cover letter, this guide is for you. We’ll go over how to write a cover letter and provide cover letter templates to help you perfect your own.
An application letter is a written document addressed to an employer by a job applicant, explaining why they're interested in and qualified for an open position. More commonly known as a cover letter, this document can come in the form of an email, MS Word document, or similar application template offered by the employer.
Seems fairly basic, right? Cover letters can hold different levels of importance to an employer depending on the industry you're in and the job you're applying for. According to a CareerBuilder survey, 49% of recruiters say sendign a cover letter along with your resume boosts your chance of landing the role.
If you do plan to write a cover letter, keep in mind there are certain qualities it should have that are not included in the definition above.
5 Free Cover Letter Templates
Five fill-in-the-blank cover letter templates to help you impress recruiters.
- Standard Cover Letter Template
- Entry-Level Cover Letter Template
- Data-Driven Cover Letter Template
You're all set!
Click this link to access this resource at any time.
What to Include in a Cover Letter
So, what should you include? We'll let the 11 templates below this list do most of the talking. No matter which one you download, pay attention to the following elements — all of which should shine through in the letter you send to your future manager.
Fill out this form to access your templates.
1. contact information.
Cover letters shouldn't just carry your contact information, but also that of the company to which you're applying. Contact info includes your phone number, email address, and any social media accounts you're willing to share and receive connections to.
Home addresses aren't required, but they can be a helpful reassurance to the employer that you already live nearby and would have no trouble coming into the office.
Avoid offering phone numbers, email addresses, or actual addresses that belong to your current employer. Using your personal Gmail address over your work email, for example, ensures your correspondence with recruiters remains separate from all of your current work communication.
2. A Personal Address Line
For as often as you see "to whom it may concern" at the top of cover letters today, do your best to avoid writing this exhausted line.
Address lines that specify a person or company grab your reader's attention much more quickly, and show the employer that you've taken the time to tailor your application letter to them. Don't have the name of the hiring manager? "Employers at [company name]" will do just fine.
A "hook" is a clever introduction that "hooks" your reader into wanting to learn more. Think about yourself as a job candidate — what makes you unique? What about your career might a recruiter be intrigued by that you can package into an interesting first sentence?
4. Why You're Qualified
It's a no-brainer that you should summarize your professional experience in your cover letter. However, today's best applications describe why this experience qualifies the applicant for the job they're applying for. For example, don't just state that you spent three years writing for a company blog. Explain that this type of work lends itself to managing your new potential employer's content calendar every week.
5. General Knowledge of the Business
Grammatical errors could mean your application is thrown in the trash, but that's not the only thing that could get your letter tossed aside. Using a generic "one-size-fits-all" cover letter — especially if you forget to change the name of the company — will also hurt your chances of landing an interview.
So, if you take the time to write a cover letter, take the time to comment on the business itself. Why are you applying to this company? What about their business stuck out to you as a professional?
Now, let's take a look at an example cover letter , what makes it effective, along with 11 templates you can download or draw inspiration from.
Cover Letter Example
The example above illustrates how to write a marketing cover letter using the elements we listed.
Besides the contact information and the address line, the first few paragraphs explain why the candidate is qualified for the position. This example uses specific data to show why they would be a good fit.
Additionally, in the second to last paragraph, the candidate discusses why they're interested in the specific company, demonstrating general knowledge of the business.
By combining all the elements to a cover letter, this is a great example to use for inspiration.
Featured Resource: 5 Professional Cover Letter Templates
14 Free Cover Letter Templates for Your Next Job Application
Template 1: basic.
The example above is a basic (but great) cover letter. The numbered sections are explained in more detail below.
The level of formality your header has will depend on the company to which you apply. If you're applying to a formal business, it's important to use a formal header to open your cover letter, like in the sample above. Put your address, the date, and the company's address. But if you're applying to a company that isn't as formal, you don't need to include yours and the company's addresses. You can still include the date, though.
Using "To Whom It May Concern" is okay, but you may want to take the time to research the name of the recruiter or hiring manager online. If you do your research and aren't confident you found the right name, then you should definitely use the generic greeting — but if you are sure, then it shows you put in the effort to find their name and it will catch the recruiter's eye.
If you have the recruiter's name, do you greet them by their full name, or by their courtesy title (i.e. Mr., Ms., or Mrs.)? Similar to the header, it depends on the company's level of formality. If you're applying to a corporate business, you may want to consider using "Mr. Snaper" instead of "Jon Snaper." If you're applying to a start-up or a business with a more casual culture, you can use "Jon Snaper," as shown in the example.
Your opening paragraph should, in 1-3 sentences, state why you're excited to apply and what makes you the perfect candidate. Get right to the point, and don't worry about explaining where you found the posting or who you know at the company. This isn't a place to go into detail about why you're a great candidate — that's for the second paragraph. Here, simply list a few key reasons in one sentence to set up the rest of your letter. Keep in mind that the recruiter may cross-reference your cover letter with your resume, so make sure the two sync up.
4. Paragraph 2: Why You're a Great Fit for the Job
Next, sell yourself and your experience by choosing one or two concrete examples that show why you're a great fit for the position. What did you do at a previous company that gave you relevant experience? Which projects have you worked on that would benefit the new company? How will your prior experience help this company grow? Stay humble in your explanation of credentials while still showing that you would be an asset to the team. Use this paragraph to show you're genuinely excited and interested in the position.
5. Third Paragraph: Why the Company Is a Great Fit for You
While it's certainly important you're a good fit for the job, it's also important that the company is a good fit for you. "A cover letter typically describes why you're great for a company — but how will you benefit from getting hired?" asks former HubSpot Team Development Manager Emily MacIntyre . "We want to know why our company appeals to you, and how it will be a mutually beneficial working relationship."
In the third paragraph, show you're serious about growing and developing your career at this new company. What impresses and excites you about the company? Is there something that you feel strongly about that aligns with the company's goals? For example, the candidate in the sample letter used this space to show his personal commitment to environmental causes aligns with the company's green initiatives.
6. Strong Closer and Signature
Don't get lazy in the final few sentences of your cover letter — it's important to finish strong. Be straightforward about your interest and enthusiasm about the new position, and tell them you're available to talk about the opportunity at any time. Be sure to include your phone number and email address. At this point, the ball is (rightly) in the recruiter's court to decide how to follow up.
Last but certainly not least, thank them for their time and consideration. Use a formal sign-off like "Best," "All the best," or "Sincerely," and finish by typing out your full name. You don't need to sign it with a pen.
Template 2: Data-Driven Marketing Cover Letter
Get it here..
When applying to a data-driven position, it might be tempting to inject your cover letter with, well, the data to describe what you've done for other employers. But in an application letter — particularly for the marketing industry — how you convey this data is just as important as the data itself.
The cover letter template above, which we created here at HubSpot, can help you present the data that's most important to you as a candidate such that it'll matter to your future employer.
Notice the three bullet points near the center of the letter above, preceded by the statement: "... I've developed a strategy that has helped the company achieve ..." This setup is important, because while you can add as many statistics as you want to this template, your data points should describe how your current/former business benefited from your work, rather than how you, yourself, benefited.
Template 3: Straight-to-the-Point Cover Letter
Harvard Business Review contributor David Silverman hailed the above cover letter example as "The Best Cover Letter I Ever Received." For context, Silverman believes there are only a handful of times when writing a cover letter is actually necessary:
- When you know the name of the hiring manager.
- When you know something about what the job requires.
- When you've been referred to the job personally.
Under those three circumstances, a straight-to-the-point cover letter like the one above could be your best bet. Because it's so concise, however, make a point to add your own letterhead above the message itself. It might be easy for a recruiter to sift through a short and sweet cover letter like the one above, but it's just as easy for it to get lost in the shuffle of their application list without a unique design or format.
Template 4: Referral Cover Letter
Just because a friend or colleague recommended you for a job doesn't mean the company is all set to hire you. Therefore, the cover letter template above is written specifically for referrals. We made this one here at HubSpot. Download it here (it comes with four other cover letter templates , too).
As you can see in the picture above, the first paragraph of the cover letter is dedicated entirely to acknowledging the circumstances of your applying: You know someone who works there — no harm in that. But there might be harm in not mentioning it to the hiring manager. Telling the reader about your connection at the company shows you're aware and confident of the actions you take to get the opportunities you're interested in.
Ultimately, it's better than the recruiter hearing about your employee connection from somebody else.
As for the rest of the cover letter, treat your message the same way you would if you had applied with no connection from within. Your skills and successes are no less important because of your internal referral.
Template 5: Photo Letterhead Cover Letter
The cover letter template above was designed by Microsoft Office, and as comprehensive as it looks, it's completely free to download and modify.
As it looks right now, this cover letter contains about half photo, half text. Feel free to shrink (and change) the image to give yourself more room to tell your story. Of course, a nice washed-out image that expresses who you are can be part of that story ...
Template 6: Digital Creative Cover Letter
This sixth template is perfect for the applicant who wants to emphasize the many different digital channels they areon. This template goes well with a resume of the same format.
As you personalize this letter with your own experience, make note of the social networks and industry software included in this template. You'll see there’s additional space along the top to add your LinkedIn and personal website to fill with your own information.
You can improve upon this template by formatting your most important highlights and accomplishments with bullet points. This will make the document easier to read for the hiring manager and emphasizes the value you provide.
Template 7: Marketing Manager Cover Letter
Our seventh cover letter comes from Monster.com. This cover letter, shown above, is focused specifically on a marketing role.
Notice how the writer includes references to important marketing metrics and terminology. If you're applying to a data-driven role, you might not want to fill the page with a story of your experience in paragraph form, like Template 1 does at the beginning of this article. Instead, consider highlighting three (or four, or five) of your successes that you believe the hiring manager would resonate most with, in bulleted form.
As a marketing professional, breaking up your letter with bulleted details like the ones above shows a respect for the hiring manager's limited time — a mentality that all marketers must understand when communicating with a brand's audience.
Template 8: Career Day Follow-Up Cover Letter
This is a unique kind of cover letter from Princeton University.
LinkedIn, Glassdoor, Monster, and Indeed might take the lion's share of your job searches online, but still some employment opportunities come out of a trade show, job fair, or similar networking event. For those occurrences, you have the follow-up cover letter template above.
This cover letter has everything you need to help an employer recall a conversation you had with him/her at a career fair. As you can see in the second paragraph, the letter is particularly useful to people who are about to graduate college.
Template 9: Logo and Watermarked Cover Letter
Here's another cover letter template from Microsoft Office. This one has a light touch of color in the design just above the letterhead, but make no mistake — the template caters to any professional looking to make a good first impression on their future employer.
Don't let the logo space on the top-right of the page confuse you. This can be the logo of the company to which you're applying — to quickly get the attention of the recruiter — or your own logo. Perhaps you freelance on the side or simply like branding yourself. This cover letter template is meant for customization.
Template 10: Data Scientist Cover Letter
This is our second template from Princeton University. While this is focused on a data scientist role, it is an excellent template to use for students applying to jobs prior to graduation.
The text emphasizes how the applicant’s academic research and projects makes them an ideal candidate for the position. The format is also simple enough to submit as a pdf, as text in an email message or an application text box.
Template 11: Business Cover Letter
The cover letter template above is perfect for entry- and mid-level marketers who want to show a little extra professionalism in their opening note to a potential employer.
The multi-colored header (you can change the color if you wish) shows just the right amount of creativity and can go quite well with a resume of the same style. If you don't have enough experience to fill the entire page, don't worry. Feel free to write to a length you think is representative of who you are and what the hiring manager wants to see.
No matter how long your final cover letter is, the above template is your opportunity to show your attention to detail — from your contact information in the top header, to the personalized address line where you can include the name of the hiring manager. Like we said, "to whom it may concern" is pretty outdated, anyway.
Template 12: Entry-Level Cover Letter
The cover letter template above, written by HubSpot, is specifically designed for entry-level applicants.
When you only have a few years experience, it's important to display how you gained your skills and what you learned from your education or internships. Additionally, it's important to mention why you want to work at the company you're applying to.
No matter your experience, the template above will help you decide what skills you want to highlight and flesh out in your cover letter.
You can download it here (it comes with four other cover letter templates , too).
Template 13: Healthcare Cover Letter
Additionally, phrases like "I'd love to put my skills to work for your clinic" and "Please contact me at your convenience and let me know how I can help you" focus on what the business will gain as a result of hiring the applicant, rather than what the applicant is looking to gain.
Template 14: Freelance Cover Letter
If you're looking for freelance work, your biggest goal is to get your strengths across quickly, so busy clients won't pass by your cover letter entirely. Additionally, if you're sending out multiple cover letters to different clients, you'll want to target each one to that client's unique goals.
For instance, if one client is looking for SEO-optimized content related to marketing, you'll want to highlight past experience writing marketing content; this will change if, for instance, the client is looking for fitness content.
For this reason, it's a good idea to structure your cover letter so you start with a) past credentials or references, and b) bullet-point information related to the client's goal, as shown in the cover letter above.
Template 15: Director Cover Letter
In the cover letter above, the candidate does a good job outlining how she succeeded in a leadership role previously: "For the past five years, I have successfully developed and maintained all data systems, including schedules and records for a business employing more than 100 people."
You'll want to demonstrate how your skills align with a Director position — both through organization and leadership — and, when possible, where you received recognition for your hard work (i.e. "I earned an award for Most Valuable Administrative Staff Member").
Write a Winning Cover Letter
Writing a cover letter is easier said than done. Don't hesitate to spend a lot of time writing and editing it. Or, ask a friend or family member to read it over and give you feedback. If the recruiter does end up reading it, you'll be thankful you did.
Editor's note: This post was originally published in November 2014 and has been updated for comprehensiveness.
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Three excellent cover letter examples
Cover letters are the first chance you have to impress an employer – they’re not just a protective jacket for your CV. Here’s our guide on what to include and how to format them
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- Looking for a job? Explore the range of vacancies on Guardian Jobs and find the perfect role for you
The first thing a potential employer sees in your job application is the cover letter. This doesn’t just support your CV – it’s an opportunity for you to stand out from the crowd and persuade the recruiter to put you through to the next round.
Be wary of spending hours on perfecting your CV at the expense of your cover letter. If you need some inspiration on what to include and what format to use, here are our helpful guides – just remember not to copy them as exact templates.
1. Standard, conservative style
This is ideal for sectors such as business, law, accountancy and retail. For more creative sectors, a letter like this might be less appealing, and could work against you.
Dear Mr Black, Please find enclosed my CV in application for the post advertised in the Guardian on 30 November. The nature of my degree course has prepared me for this position. It involved a great deal of independent research, requiring initiative, self-motivation and a wide range of skills. For one course, [insert course], an understanding of the [insert sector] industry was essential. I found this subject very stimulating. I am a fast and accurate writer, with a keen eye for detail and I should be very grateful for the opportunity to progress to market reporting. I am able to take on the responsibility of this position immediately, and have the enthusiasm and determination to ensure that I make a success of it. Thank you for taking the time to consider this application and I look forward to hearing from you in the near future. Yours sincerely
2. Standard speculative letter
This may vary according to the nature of the organisation and the industry you’re applying to.
Dear Mr Brown, I am writing to enquire if you have any vacancies in your company. I enclose my CV for your information. As you can see, I have had extensive vacation work experience in office environments, the retail sector and service industries, giving me varied skills and the ability to work with many different types of people. I believe I could fit easily into your team. I am a conscientious person who works hard and pays attention to detail. I’m flexible, quick to pick up new skills and eager to learn from others. I also have lots of ideas and enthusiasm. I’m keen to work for a company with a great reputation and high profile like [insert company name]. I have excellent references and would be delighted to discuss any possible vacancy with you at your convenience. In case you do not have any suitable openings at the moment, I would be grateful if you would keep my CV on file for any future possibilities. Yours sincerely
3. Letter for creative jobs
We’ve used the example of a copywriter but you can adapt it for your profession. The aim of a creative letter is to be original and show you have imagination, but understand what the job entails. Balance is essential: don’t be too wacky, or it will turn off the reader.
Dear Ms Green, · Confused by commas? · Puzzled by parenthesis? · Stumped by spelling? · Perturbed by punctuation? · Annoyed at the apostrophe? (And alliteration?) Well, you’re not alone. It seems that fewer and fewer people can write. Unfortunately, there are still a lot of people who can read. So they’ll spot a gaffe from a mile off. And that means it’s a false economy, unless you’re 100% sure of yourself, to write your own materials. (Or to let clients do it for themselves.) To have materials properly copywritten is, when one considers the whole process of publishing materials and the impact that the client wishes to make, a minor expense. Sloppiness loses clients, loses customers. There is an answer. Me. Firm quotes are free. You can see some of what I do on my multilingual website at [insert web address]. If you’d like, I can get some samples out to you within 24 hours. And, if you use me, you’ll have some sort of guarantee that you can sleep soundly as those tens of thousands of copies are rolling off the presses. Luck shouldn’t come into it! With kindest regards
Other helpful resources
How to write a perfect CV and cover letter
Applying for jobs without experience? How to build and sell your skills
Five steps to the perfect graduate CV
School-leavers and graduates: how to write your first CV
How to write a personal statement for your CV
CV templates to fit every stage of your career
Looking for a job? Browse Guardian Jobs for your next career step.
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- CV and cover letter examples
- Covering letters
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Simple Job Application Letter
Simple job application letter sample. Application letter for job vacancy. Simple application letter sample for any vacant position. Job application letter for any available vacancy.
To, The manager
I hereby write to express my interest in applying for a job in your company. As per your advertisement, I fulfill the requirements, and consider myself fairly suitable for the job. I have all the required qualifications along with extensive experience in the given field of work.
Although my resume is attached to this application, however it will not be enough to truly reflect my potential. Therefore I will call within few days to confirm availability of an interview. Further information, or reference can be provided on demand.
Thank you very much for your time, and consideration.
Miss Julia, HR Manager, ABC Pvt. Ltd, South Carolina, USA.
It is requested that I have seen your ad on torvit.com by which I came to know that more than 10 vacancies for sales representative are vacant in your company. I think I am pretty fit for one of the vacancies as per the requirements describes in the advertisement. My complete bio data is given as under.
Name: XYZ Qualifications: MBA Residence: ZK society Previous Experience: 2 year experience as Sales Representative in MK distributors, and Co.
Please allow me to have a seat with you so that you can conduct my interview. Feel free to contact me on my mailing address for any quires.
Flexible Cover Letter for any Type of Job
Whomever it may concern,
My name is ———–. I am 25 years old, and I am looking for a job that fits for my personality. It can be full time, part time, permanent, or temporary. Even the type of job can be anything as I want to learn new things, and get into a new career that I enjoy. I work well best independently however I can work well in a team. I’m a good learner, and I love facing challenges that seem impossible because I like to prove people wrong which makes me more determined. I am also very motivated. I don’t have much experience in anything apart from accountant, and sales but again want to learn something new. I look forward from hearing from.
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Statement of Purpose, Personal Statement, and Writing Sample
Details about submitting a statement of purpose, personal statement, and a writing sample as part of your degree program application
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Statement of Purpose
The statement of purpose is very important to programs when deciding whether to admit a candidate. Your statement should be focused, informative, and convey your research interests and qualifications. You should describe your reasons and motivations for pursuing a graduate degree in your chosen degree program, noting the experiences that shaped your research ambitions, indicating briefly your career objectives, and concisely stating your past work in your intended field of study and in related fields. Your degree program of interest may have specific guidance or requirements for the statement of purpose, so be sure to review the degree program page for more information. Unless otherwise noted, your statement should not exceed 1,000 words.
A core part of the Harvard Griffin GSAS mission is to identify and attract the most promising students to form a dynamic and diverse community. We are committed to educating individuals who reflect the growing diversity of perspectives and life experiences represented in society today and who will contribute to our commitment to sustain a welcoming, supportive, and inclusive environment. Please share how your experiences or activities will advance our mission and commitment. Your statement should be no longer than 500 words.
Please visit Degree Programs and navigate to your degree program of interest to determine if a writing sample is required. When preparing your writing sample, be sure to follow program requirements, which may include format, topic, or length.
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A Guide to the Marriott Voyage Application & Interview Process in the U.S. and Canada
September 11, 2023 — Morgan Gibson Kanner
In case you aren’t familiar with Voyage, it’s our award-winning global leadership development program for recent college graduates. The program, which is typically 12 months in the U.S. (though it can run longer) and Canada and can be up to 18 months internationally, places participants (dubbed Voyagers) in hotels around the world to receive hands-on experience and training.
→ An Overview of Marriott’s U.S. and Canada Voyage Program → Interview Advice & Tips for Hopeful Voyage Applicants
Interested in applying? With the help of two Marriott experts, we’ve crafted a guide to the U.S. and Canada’s Voyage application and interview process. Experts:
- Sarah D’Angelo, Director, Talent Acquisition + University Recruitment
- Michael Wiszowaty, Senior Manager, University Relations + Recruiting
Take a look below so you can know what to expect as you apply to be a US or CA Voyager .
What is the Marriott Voyage application process?
1. applications open.
Michael: Voyage applications open just as the new school year kicks off ( they’re open now !) and will be open until the end of April of the same academic calendar. The sooner you apply, the better — many locations and disciplines may have already been selected if you wait.
Michael: As soon as the applications are open, you can apply. It doesn’t take long, and you are able to apply in multiple sittings, but please ensure that you attach your resume and fill out your university on the application.
3. Record Video Interviews
Sarah: Just 15 minutes after you submit your application, you’ll receive an email prompt to complete a pre-recorded video interview, answering questions like, “why do you want to work for us?” and “what skills make you qualified for this position?” Hopefully this isn’t intimidating, but you should dress up and treat it like a real interview. Remember, we can also see your background!
4. Submit preferences for location + department
Sarah: We might not have the exact position you’re looking for in the exact location you want, so really think about — is my city of choice more important, or my department of choice? Am I flexible at all? Your initial choices aren’t set in stone — your recruiter will discuss your preferences multiple times throughout the process to ensure we’ve got the right fit for you.
5. Complete the online leadership skills assessment
Sarah: This takes about 30 minutes. We recommend doing this in a quiet place, free of distractions, and approaching the assessment as if you were already a manager.
Sarah: If you’re selected to move to the next step, you’ll receive communication from that recruiter to schedule your interview — in most cases this is via email for a virtual interview. It is possible that your recruiter may be coming to your campus; in that case, you may meet them first and schedule your interview in person.
What are the Marriott Voyage interviews like?
Sarah: Marriott asks “behavioral based” interviewing questions; a strong answer typically follows the “STAR” format: Situation, Task, Action, Result. During the interview, you can also talk in more detail about your preferences for department and location.
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How long does the whole Voyage hiring and interview process take?
Sarah: If you follow the guidance of your recruiter and complete all steps in a timely manner, you could complete the whole process within two weeks! Technically, you could get an offer during your senior year well in advance of your graduation date, which feels good knowing that you have a job lined up and can truly enjoy being a senior, rather than having to scramble to get a job around your graduation date.
What happens when a candidate is selected to be a Marriott Voyager?
Michael: Congratulations! If you have been selected to become a Marriott Voyager, you are joining an elite program that will help you accelerate your Marriott career! Once you are offered a position as a Voyager you will be placed in the discipline and location that you had discussed with your recruiter throughout your interview process. Depending upon your start date, you will be connected with your property leader to go over any property logistics and timelines before your first day. If you’re relocating for Voyage, you’ll be connected with Marriott’s relocation team to help move your belongings to your new city. Lastly, you will be connected with other Voyagers in your city, so that you can start building your new Marriott network!
When do applications close?
Sarah: We take applications throughout the fall semester, and generally, if you’re ready, it’s recommended that you apply early. Positions are discussed and offered on a rolling basis, so your “dream job” may not be available if you wait to apply. We do take a brief pause during winter break, so know if you apply in December, you likely won’t receive an interview until January. We continue interviews throughout the spring semester, with our last interviews and offers going out usually in April.
If a candidate isn’t accepted into the program, do you recommend they apply again next year?
Michael: Absolutely! There could be many reasons why you would not have been accepted into the Marriott Voyage Program. The first thing is to not be discouraged by this. Upon discovering that you were not selected for Voyage, your Recruiting Manager will have notified you letting you know. This is a fantastic opportunity to gain more experience in the hospitality field to strengthen your resume. You can apply next year as long as your undergrad graduation was not more than two years prior. → Voyage Applications Are Open! Apply for Marriott’s Prestigious Leadership Development Program
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Our interview advice & tips for hopeful voyage applicants, everything you need to know about marriott’s voyage program, 'marriott has allowed me to be who i am:’ an hr manager shares his story of belonging.
A guide to why the House is looking into a Biden impeachment
“These are allegations of abuse of power, obstruction and corruption and warrant further investigation by the House of Representatives. That’s why today I am directing our House committee to open a formal impeachment inquiry into President Joe Biden . … We will go wherever the evidence takes us.”
— House Speaker Kevin McCarthy (R-Calif.), directing three House committees to begin an impeachment inquiry into President Biden
Now that the House is embarked on a formal impeachment inquiry — albeit one that is proceeding without a vote to open it — readers are bound to have questions. Here’s a quick guide to what’s behind the allegations against the president, most of which concern his son Hunter’s business practices.
What do we know about Hunter Biden’s business?
Biden’s younger son earned millions of dollars doing international business deals while his father was vice president. He traded on the family name, in some cases holding positions that posed the appearance of conflicts with his father’s job.
The most jarring example is when Hunter Biden in 2014 became a board director of the Ukrainian energy firm Burisma, owned by a man that the United States considered corrupt. At the time, the vice president was the Obama administration’s key interlocutor on Ukraine. As part of his policy brief, Biden pressed the Ukrainian government to crack down on corruption, including removing the top prosecutor, who was viewed by the international community as an impediment to reform in part because he failed to prosecute the owner of Burisma.
Unflattering news reports at the time highlighted the contradiction — which was also the source of consternation in the State Department. Hunter Biden has claimed that he never discussed his Ukraine business with his father, except for a brief exchange after he joined Burisma. “I hope you know what you are doing,” the vice president supposedly told him .
Hunter Biden has had a troubled life. He was discharged from the Navy Reserve for drug use and, according to a memoir published in 2021, he actively used crack cocaine and abused alcohol, especially after his older brother, Beau, died of cancer.
President Biden has been defensive about his son, insisting he did no wrong and once, in the 2020 presidential debate, falsely claiming that his son earned nothing from business deals in China.
What was Joe Biden’s connection?
Republicans have long suspected that Joe Biden acted with corrupt intent through his son, though no evidence has emerged to support that.
For instance, they have claimed that Biden pushed to remove the prosecutor to aid the company that employed his son, even though the policy had been set by the U.S. government and was supported by the European Union and the International Monetary Fund. Devon Archer, Hunter Biden’s former business partner, told congressional investigators that it was his understanding that the removal of the prosecutor was a setback for the company rather than something it saw as beneficial to its interests.
Late in the 2020 election campaign, a leaked copy of Hunter Biden’s laptop emerged , exposing not only a sordid personal life but years of business practices that may have crossed the line. This summer, he was set to settle charges related to two minor tax crimes and a gun offense, possibly avoiding jail time, but that deal collapsed and prosecutors have said they will indict him.
Republicans have been tantalized by suggestions in some emails — such as a reference to Hunter holding money for an unnamed “big guy” — that Joe Biden had a secret role in Hunter’s business deals. The emails have helped prove that Joe Biden sometimes attended or dropped by meals at which some of Hunter’s overseas partners appeared. On at least 20 occasions over a decade , Archer said, Hunter put his father on speaker phone while meeting with business partners or clients. Archer said Hunter sold the illusion of access to his father, but the president was not involved in business deals or even business discussions.
What has the House uncovered so far?
Republicans have drilled many dry holes, but you would not know that from some of the rhetoric. For instance, Republicans say they have discovered that the “Biden family” earned $20 million from “foreign sources,” but most of that money went to business associates of Hunter Biden . Hunter Biden himself earned about $7.5 million, while documents have also pointed to earnings by some other family members, such as Joe Biden’s brother and daughter-in-law. No money has been traced to Joe Biden.
It’s important to remember that in the four years between being vice president and president — 2017 to 2021 — President Biden could have been in business with his son without running afoul of ethics rules. But again, that has not been shown to be the case.
One document unearthed by Republicans — a 2020 tip from an FBI confidential human source — alleges that Joe and Hunter Biden in 2016 were involved in a foreign bribery scheme with a Ukrainian business executive, with each supposedly receiving $5 million. No evidence has emerged to confirm this claim, which has been investigated by the Justice Department.
Joe Biden has publicly released 25 years of federal tax returns , dating to 1988, so he would have been lying on his tax returns if he failed to disclose income earned through Hunter’s businesses or account for a bribe from a foreign country.
What are some outstanding questions?
The holy grail for Republicans would be direct evidence showing Joe Biden secretly was involved in Hunter’s businesses while he was vice president. Alternatively, they will seek to prove that he acted to shape U.S. policy in ways that would have helped his son or his business associates.
Separately, the House will investigate whether Biden put any pressure on the Justice Department to go easy on his son during the federal investigation of the tax and gun offenses. The White House has insisted Attorney General Merrick Garland has been free to act as he wished.
After becoming attorney general, Garland heeded the urging of Republicans such as Rep. James A. Comer (R-Ky.), chairman of the House Oversight Committee, to keep in place the Donald Trump-appointed U.S. attorney in Delaware who had launched the probe into Hunter Biden’s finances.
But when that U.S. attorney, David Weiss , reached a plea deal with Hunter Biden, Republicans cried foul, citing whistleblower testimony claiming Weiss’s probe has been hampered by political influence. Once the plea deal fell apart, Weiss asked Garland to appoint him special counsel — which Garland did.
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