Appointments at Mayo Clinic

Belching, gas and bloating: tips for reducing them.

Belching, gas and bloating can be embarrassing and uncomfortable. Here's what causes these signs and symptoms — and how you can minimize them.

Belching or passing gas (flatus) is natural and common. Excessive belching or flatus, accompanied by bloating, pain or swelling of the abdomen (distention), can occasionally interfere with daily activities or cause embarrassment. But these signs and symptoms usually don't point to a serious underlying condition and are often reduced with simple lifestyle changes.

When belching, gas or bloating interferes with your daily activities, there may be something wrong. Find out how to reduce or avoid gas and gas pains, and when you may need to see your doctor.

Belching: Getting rid of excess air

Belching is commonly known as burping. It's your body's way of expelling excess air from your upper digestive tract. Most belching is caused by swallowing excess air. This air most often never even reaches the stomach but accumulates in the esophagus.

You may swallow excess air if you eat or drink too fast, talk while you eat, chew gum, suck on hard candies, drink carbonated beverages, or smoke. Some people swallow air as a nervous habit even when they're not eating or drinking.

Acid reflux or gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) can sometimes cause excessive belching by promoting increased swallowing.

Chronic belching may also be related to inflammation of the stomach lining or to an infection with Helicobacter pylori, the bacterium responsible for some stomach ulcers. In these cases, the belching is accompanied by other symptoms, such as heartburn or abdominal pain.

You can reduce belching if you:

  • Eat and drink slowly. Taking your time can help you swallow less air. Try to make meals relaxed occasions; eating when you're stressed or on the run increases the air you swallow.
  • Avoid carbonated drinks and beer. They release carbon dioxide gas.
  • Skip the gum and hard candy. When you chew gum or suck on hard candy, you swallow more often than normal. Part of what you're swallowing is air.
  • Don't smoke. When you inhale smoke, you also inhale and swallow air.
  • Check your dentures. Poorly fitting dentures can cause you to swallow excess air when you eat and drink.
  • Get moving. It may help to take a short walk after eating.
  • Treat heartburn. For occasional, mild heartburn, over-the-counter antacids or other remedies may be helpful. GERD may require prescription-strength medication or other treatments.

Flatulence: Gas buildup in the intestines

Gas in the small intestine or colon is typically caused by the digestion or fermentation of undigested food by bacteria found in the bowel. Gas can also form when your digestive system doesn't completely break down certain components in foods, such as gluten, found in most grains, or the sugar in dairy products and fruit.

Other sources of intestinal gas may include:

  • Food residue in your colon
  • A change in the bacteria in the small intestine
  • Poor absorption of carbohydrates, which can upset the balance of helpful bacteria in your digestive system
  • Constipation, since the longer food waste remains in your colon, the more time it has to ferment
  • A digestive disorder, such as lactose or fructose intolerance or celiac disease

To prevent excess gas, it may help to:

  • Eliminate certain foods. Common gas-causing offenders include beans, peas, lentils, cabbage, onions, broccoli, cauliflower, whole-grain foods, mushrooms, certain fruits, and beer and other carbonated drinks. Try removing one food at a time to see if your gas improves.
  • Read labels. If dairy products seem to be a problem, you may have some degree of lactose intolerance. Pay attention to what you eat and try low-lactose or lactose-free varieties. Certain indigestible carbohydrates found in sugar-free foods (sorbitol, mannitol and xylitol) also may result in increased gas.
  • Eat fewer fatty foods. Fat slows digestion, giving food more time to ferment.
  • Temporarily cut back on high-fiber foods. Fiber has many benefits, but many high-fiber foods are also great gas producers. After a break, slowly add fiber back to your diet.

Try an over-the-counter remedy. Some products such as Lactaid or Dairy Ease can help digest lactose. Products containing simethicone (Gas-X, Mylanta Gas, others) haven't been proved to be helpful, but many people feel that these products work.

Products such as Beano, particularly the liquid form, may decrease the gas produced during the breakdown of certain types of beans.

Bloating: Common but incompletely understood

Bloating is a sensation of having a full stomach. Distension is a visible or measurable increase in abdominal size. People often describe abdominal symptoms as bloating, especially if those symptoms don't seem to be relieved by belching, passing gas or having a bowel movement.

The exact connection between intestinal gas and bloating is not fully understood. Many people with bloating symptoms don't have any more gas in the intestine than do other people. Many people, particularly those with irritable bowel syndrome or anxiety, may have a greater sensitivity to abdominal symptoms and intestinal gas, rather than an excess amount.

Nonetheless, bloating may be relieved by the behavioral changes that reduce belching, or the dietary changes that reduce flatus.

When to see your doctor

Excessive belching, passing gas and bloating often resolve on their own or with simple changes. If these are the only symptoms you have, they rarely represent any serious underlying condition.

Consult your doctor if your symptoms don't improve with simple changes, particularly if you also notice:

  • Persistent or severe abdominal pain
  • Bloody stools
  • Changes in the color or frequency of stools
  • Unintended weight loss
  • Chest discomfort
  • Loss of appetite or feeling full quickly

These signs and symptoms could signal an underlying digestive condition. Intestinal symptoms can be embarrassing — but don't let embarrassment keep you from seeking help.

There is a problem with information submitted for this request. Review/update the information highlighted below and resubmit the form.

From Mayo Clinic to your inbox

Sign up for free and stay up to date on research advancements, health tips, current health topics, and expertise on managing health. Click here for an email preview.

Error Email field is required

Error Include a valid email address

To provide you with the most relevant and helpful information, and understand which information is beneficial, we may combine your email and website usage information with other information we have about you. If you are a Mayo Clinic patient, this could include protected health information. If we combine this information with your protected health information, we will treat all of that information as protected health information and will only use or disclose that information as set forth in our notice of privacy practices. You may opt-out of email communications at any time by clicking on the unsubscribe link in the e-mail.

Thank you for subscribing!

You'll soon start receiving the latest Mayo Clinic health information you requested in your inbox.

Sorry something went wrong with your subscription

Please, try again in a couple of minutes

  • Gas in the digestive tract. National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases. https://www.niddk.nih.gov/health-information/digestive-diseases/gas-digestive-tract. Accessed Jan. 8, 2020.
  • Abraczinskas D. Overview of intestinal gas and bloating. https://www.uptodate.com/contents/search. Accessed Jan. 8, 2020.
  • Gas-related complaints. Merck Manual Professional Version. https://www.merckmanuals.com/professional/gastrointestinal-disorders/symptoms-of-gi-disorders/gas-related-complaints?query=gas-related complaints#. Accessed Jan. 8, 2020.
  • Feldman M, et al. Intestinal gas. In: Sleisenger and Fordtran's Gastrointestinal and Liver Disease: Pathophysiology, Diagnosis, Management. 10th ed. Saunders Elsevier; 2016. https://www.clinicalkey.com. Accessed Jan. 8, 2020.
  • Cameron P, et al., eds. Peptic ulcer disease and gastritis. In: Textbook of Adult Emergency Medicine. 5th ed. Elsevier; 2020. https://www.clinicalkey.com. Accessed Jan. 9, 2020.
  • Rowland I, et al. Gut microbiota functions: Metabolism of nutrients and other food components. European Journal of Nutrition. 2018; doi:10.1007/s00394-017-1445-8.

Products and Services

  • Available Digestive Health Products from Mayo Clinic Store
  • A Book: Mayo Clinic on Digestive Health
  • Abdominal pain
  • Beating Ovarian Cancer
  • Blastocystis hominis
  • CA 125 test: A screening test for ovarian cancer?
  • Celiac disease
  • Cholecystitis
  • Colon cancer
  • Colon Cancer Family Registry
  • Colon cancer screening: At what age can you stop?
  • Colon cancer screening
  • Colorectal Cancer
  • Diabetic Gastroparesis
  • Diverticulitis
  • Endometriosis
  • What is endometriosis? A Mayo Clinic expert explains
  • Endometriosis FAQs
  • Fecal incontinence
  • Feeling gassy and a little embarrassed?
  • Functional dyspepsia
  • Gas and gas pains
  • Gastroparesis
  • Giardia infection (giardiasis)
  • Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection
  • Hiatal hernia
  • Hirschsprung's disease
  • Indigestion
  • Intestinal ischemia
  • Irritable bowel syndrome
  • Lactose intolerance
  • Median arcuate ligament syndrome (MALS)
  • Living with an ostomy
  • Ovarian cancer
  • Ovarian cancer: Still possible after hysterectomy?
  • Ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome
  • Pap test: Can it detect ovarian cancer?
  • Peritonitis
  • Polycythemia vera
  • Premenstrual dysphoric disorder
  • Premenstrual syndrome (PMS)
  • Spastic colon: What does it mean?
  • Symptom Checker
  • Traveler's diarrhea
  • How irritable bowel syndrome affects you

Mayo Clinic does not endorse companies or products. Advertising revenue supports our not-for-profit mission.

  • Opportunities

Mayo Clinic Press

Check out these best-sellers and special offers on books and newsletters from Mayo Clinic Press .

  • Mayo Clinic on Incontinence - Mayo Clinic Press Mayo Clinic on Incontinence
  • The Essential Diabetes Book - Mayo Clinic Press The Essential Diabetes Book
  • Mayo Clinic on Hearing and Balance - Mayo Clinic Press Mayo Clinic on Hearing and Balance
  • FREE Mayo Clinic Diet Assessment - Mayo Clinic Press FREE Mayo Clinic Diet Assessment
  • Mayo Clinic Health Letter - FREE book - Mayo Clinic Press Mayo Clinic Health Letter - FREE book
  • Belching intestinal gas and bloating Tips for reducing them

One gift, 3X the impact

Join our Year-End Challenge and triple your gift to help shape the future of healthcare!

IMAGES

  1. How to Flush Gas And Flow From Your Stomach With Only 4 Ingredients

    how to solve problem of gas in stomach

  2. This Simple Exercise Solved My Problem With Gas And A Bloated Stomach

    how to solve problem of gas in stomach

  3. Gas Problem of Stomach, How To Get Rid Of The Gas Problem?

    how to solve problem of gas in stomach

  4. Gas Problem in Stomach

    how to solve problem of gas in stomach

  5. How To Flush Gas And Bloating From Your Stomach With Just 4 Ingredients

    how to solve problem of gas in stomach

  6. How to Get Rid of Gas in the Stomach

    how to solve problem of gas in stomach

VIDEO

  1. gas problem in stomach precations 🤔🤔🤔

  2. Stomach issue solve in one minute

COMMENTS

  1. 10 Tips to Get Rid of Gas, Pains, and Bloating

    1. Peppermint Research has shown that peppermint tea or peppermint supplements can help reduce symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome, including gas. Talk with your doctor before you start using...

  2. Belching, gas and bloating: Tips for reducing them

    Eat and drink slowly. Taking your time can help you swallow less air. Try to make meals relaxed occasions; eating when you're stressed or on the run increases the air you swallow. Avoid carbonated drinks and beer. They release carbon dioxide gas. Skip the gum and hard candy.

  3. How to get rid of gas pain fast: 20 natural home remedies

    Gas-related stomach pain remedies include: Pass Gas The only way to get rid of gas is to pass it. Don’t hold it in. If you’re worried about odor, try reducing foods that contain...