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How to give a good presentation: 8 tips

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What are the main difficulties when giving presentations?

How to prepare an effective presentation, after that, how do i give a memorable presentation, how to connect with the audience when presenting.

Public speaking and presenting isn’t everyone’s forte, but it’s a valuable skill, regardless of your job. If you want your voice to be heard, you’ll need to master communicating your thoughts and opinions simply and politely. 

It’s okay if you’re nervous ; that’s completely normal. Glossophobia, or the fear of public speaking, affects anywhere from 15–30% of the general population . Social anxiety is also becoming more prevalent, seen in 12% more adults in the last 20 years , and it’s a key cause of glossophobia.

But presentation jitters aren’t necessarily bad. Nerves and excitement feel the same in the body, so reframing nervousness as excitement means you’ll feel more positively about your feelings — and the upcoming presentation. 

Giving a speech may seem daunting, but many industries demand learning how to be a good presenter. Luckily, you can always implement new strategies to face challenges and deliver an engaging presentation.

Whether you’re a seasoned pro or first-timer, there’s always room to improve your presentation skills. One key to preparing a presentation is to define what you’re most worried about and address these fears.

The most common of worries in school or company presentations include:

Presenting and watching more presentations will help you know how to handle these issues.

improve influence - half size

Below are our top five tips to aid you with your next business presentation and limit associated stress.

1. Keep it simple

You want your presentation’s ideas to be accessible and easy to follow. As you prepare, ask yourself: what are the key points you want people to take away? Nothing is worse than watching a presentation that goes on and on that you hardly understand. Audiences want to understand and implement what they’ve learned.

Simplicity is vital if you’re looking to reach a broad and diverse audience. Try placing important points in bullet points. That way, your audience can identify the main takeaways instead of searching for them in a block of text. To ensure they understood, offer a Q&A at the end of the presentation. This gives audience members the opportunity to learn more by asking questions and gaining clarification on points they didn’t understand. 

2. Create a compelling structure

Pretend you’re an audience member and ask yourself what the best order is for your presentation. Make sure things are cohesive and logical . To keep the presentation interesting, you may need to add more slides, cut a section, or rearrange the presentation’s structure.

Give a narrative to your business presentation. Make sure you’re telling a compelling story . Set up a problem at the beginning and lead the audience through how you discovered the solution you’re presenting (the “Aha! moment”).

3. Use visual aids

Aim to incorporate photos or videos in your slides. Props can also help reinforce your words. Incorporating props doesn’t lessen your credibility or professionalism but helps illustrate your point when added correctly.


4. Be aware of design techniques and trends

You can use an array of platforms to create a great presentation. Images, graphs, and video clips liven things up, especially if the information is dry. Here are a few standard pointers: 

Place only your main points on the screen. Then, explain them in detail. Keep the presentation stimulating and appealing without overwhelming your audience with bright colors or too much font. 

5. Follow the 10-20-30 rule

Guy Kawasaki, a prominent venture capitalist and one of the original marketing specialists for Apple, said that the best slideshow presentations are less than 10 slides , last no longer than 20 minutes, and use a font size of 30. This strategy helps condense your information and maintain the audience’s focus.

Here are some tips to keep your audience actively engaged as you’re presenting. With these strategies, the audience will leave the room thinking positively about your work.

Tip #1: Tell stories

Sharing an event from your life or another anecdote increases your relatability. It also makes the audience feel more comfortable and connected to you. This, in turn, will make you more comfortable presenting.

Gill Hicks did this well when she shared a powerful and terrifying story in “ I survived a terrorist attack. Here’s what I learned ” In her harrowing tale of explosions, disfigurement, and recovery, Hicks highlights the importance of compassion, unconditional love, and helping those in need.

Tip #2: Smile and make eye contact with the audience

Maintaining eye contact creates a connection between you and the audience and helps the space feel more intimate. It’ll help them pay attention to you and what you’re saying.

Tip #3: Work on your stage presence

Using words is only half the battle regarding good communication; body language is also critical. Avoid crossing your arms or pacing since these gestures suggest unapproachability or boredom. How you present yourself is just as crucial as how your presentation slides appear.

Amy Cuddy’s talk “ Your body language may shape who you are ” highlights the importance of paying attention to stage presence. She offers the “Wonder Woman” pose as a way to reduce public speaking stress.


Tip #4: Start strong

Like reading a book, watching a movie, or writing an essay, the beginning draws your target audience in. Kick off your presentation on a solid note. Leveraging the benefits of humor increases the chance your presentation will be well-received. Here are some ways to start strong:

Tip #5: Show your passion

Let your passion for a topic shine. The best presentations have a speaker who’s genuinely excited about the subject.

In “ Grit: The power of passion and perseverance ,” Angela Lee Duckworth discusses the importance of passion in research and delivery. She enthusiastically delivers her presentation to show — not just tell — the audience how this helps pique interest. 

Tip #6: Plan your delivery

This step encompasses how you convey the information. What’s appropriate for the setting — preparing a PowerPoint presentation, using a teleprompter, delivering the presentation via Zoom? Should you memorize your notes or plan an activity to complement them? 


The best TED talks are usually committed to memory, but there’s nothing wrong with bringing note cards with you as a safety net. And if your tech completely fails, you’ll have to rely on your natural charm and wit to keep your audience’s attention. Prepare backup material for worst-case scenarios.

Tim Urban, a self-proclaimed procrastinator , discusses how preparation helps us feel more capable of tackling daunting tasks in “ Inside the mind of a master procrastinator .” We often avoid preparing for scarier obligations, like a presentation, because of nerves and anxiety. Preparing removes many of the unknowns overwhelming us.

Tip #7: Practice

As the phrase goes, practice makes perfect! Practice giving your speech in front of the bathroom mirror, your spouse, or a friend. Take any feedback they give you and don’t feel discouraged if it’s critical or different than you expected. Feedback helps us continually improve. But remember, you can’t please everyone, and that’s fine.

Tip #8: Breathe

Take deep breaths. It’s better to go slow and take time to convey everything you need to instead of rushing and leaving your audience more confused.

The best leaders are often some of the best presenters, as they excel at communication and bringing together ideas and people. Every audience is different . But as a general rule, you’ll be able to connect with them if you research your topic so you’re knowledgeable and comfortable. 

Practicing your presentation skills and remembering that every opportunity is a chance to grow will help you keep a positive mindset. 

Don’t forget to ask for help. Chances are a coworker or family member has extensive experience delivering professional presentations and can give you pointers or look over your slides. Knowing how to give a good presentation feels overwhelming — but practice really does improve your skills.

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The self presentation theory and how to present your best self

How to make a presentation interactive and exciting, how to not be nervous for a presentation — 13 tips that work (really), reading the room gives you an edge — no matter who you're talking to, the 11 tips that will improve your public speaking skills, overcoming distraction in the federal workforce, 30 presentation feedback examples, here and now: discover the benefits of being present, an exclusive conversation with fred kofman, similar articles, tell a story they can't ignore these 10 tips will teach you how, 8 tip to improve your public speaking skills, the importance of good speech: 5 tips to be more articulate, how to pitch ideas: 8 tips to captivate any audience, your ultimate guide on how to be a good storyteller, stay connected with betterup, get our newsletter, event invites, plus product insights and research..

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How to Give a Presentation

Last Updated: May 31, 2023 References Approved

This article was co-authored by Patrick Muñoz . Patrick is an internationally recognized Voice & Speech Coach, focusing on public speaking, vocal power, accent and dialects, accent reduction, voiceover, acting and speech therapy. He has worked with clients such as Penelope Cruz, Eva Longoria, and Roselyn Sanchez. He was voted LA's Favorite Voice and Dialect Coach by BACKSTAGE, is the voice and speech coach for Disney and Turner Classic Movies, and is a member of Voice and Speech Trainers Association. There are 10 references cited in this article, which can be found at the bottom of the page. wikiHow marks an article as reader-approved once it receives enough positive feedback. This article has 27 testimonials from our readers, earning it our reader-approved status. This article has been viewed 515,937 times.

Giving a presentation terrifies most of us, especially when talking before a crowd of people about an unfamiliar topic. Never fear! There are ways to make a good presentation. The more presentations you do, the easier they will become!

Preparing For the Presentation

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Patrick Muñoz

Before you give a presentation, spend some time crafting what you will say. Most presentations should center on a thesis, or main idea, and contain about 3 supporting points. Cutting unnecessary content will ensure your presentation is impactful. Once your presentation is done, practice delivering it in front of a mirror or while recording yourself so you can identify and correct any issues. To calm your nerves before you present, try clenching your fists a few times and taking several deep breaths. For more advice about giving presentations, like whether to use visual aides, keep reading! Did this summary help you? Yes No

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give a presentation vs hold a presentation

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make/give/do a presentation


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Hello. One question: What verbs can I use with "presentation"? "Make" and "give" are ok, but is it possible to say "do a presentation"? Would it sound too strange?  

Hi Deliver is used a lot. Provide Perform (if you're pretty enthusiastic about your subject) Make wouldn't be used. Give however is used a lot. Do would be used - but only informally. Cheers Neal Mc  

"Prepare and give a presentation" is all I hear.  

In all the reference material that I'm using it seems that "make" is the most usual verb for "presentation". Is this maybe the American usage?  


What kind of presentation are you talking about? If this is the presentation of a gift to someone in a formal context then I would expect make . If this is a powerpoint presentation of information to an audience, I would expect give .  

panjandrum said: What kind of presentation are you talking about? If this is the presentation of a gift to someone in a formal context then I would expect make . If this is a powerpoint presentation of information to an audience, I would expect give . Click to expand...


I would say either give a presentation or do a presentation although the latter is more informal. I've got to do a presentation. Using 'give' is better english but the use of 'do' is fine.  

Thank you all for your help!  

sweet caramels

Make a presenation or give a presentation. Both are correct but I'm just wondering which one you say. I say to give a presentation  

envie de voyager

I agree with you that give sounds better, but I would not correct someone who said make . To me, make a presentation sounds like what you would do to prepare the presentation. Then you would give the presentation .  

By "give a presentation" I assume you mean give an expose (possibly using Powerpoint or something similar). If you were presenting somebody with a gold watch upon his retirement, you would say "make a presentation".  

post mod (English Only / Latin)

Cagey said: Yes, I suspect most of us feel we know which meaning of presentation you have in mind. However, it would be good for you to say which you mean, so we can be certain. Click to expand...
NealMc said: Hi Deliver is used a lot. Provide Perform (if you're pretty enthusiastic about your subject) Make wouldn't be used. Give however is used a lot. Do would be used - but only informally. Cheers Neal Mc Click to expand...
Cecilio said: When I asked the question (for than 4 and a half years ago!), I had in mind a presentation with the meaning of a lecture, or a public talk on a subject. Click to expand...

Lib' et Lule

Lib' et Lule

To be honest I'm a bit confused, I thought we could say "to make a presentation" when we talk about Powerpoint presentations and that kind of things. Look here: How to make presentations , it comes from a British university and the title on the tab says "how to make presentations"...and they're not talking about gifts. Any thoughts?  

Keith Bradford

Keith Bradford

...And the first sentence of the article reads: As part of an extended interview/selection centre you may be asked to give a short presentation . Both are possible; give is better for all the reasons stated above.  

My understanding is that "make a presentation" refers to "creating" a presentation (although we wouldn´t use the word "create") and that "give a presentation" refers to the actual talking.  


Keith Bradford said: ...And the first sentence of the article reads: As part of an extended interview/selection centre you may be asked to give a short presentation . Both are possible; give is better for all the reasons stated above. Click to expand...

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To present or to give a presentation [closed]

As part of a recruitment process, Bob was asked to 'present a finished product'. Bob took that literal and gave them a finished/packaged product as he thought this was the requirement. Instead, they wanted him to give a presentation of the final product. After apologising for his mistake, he checked the dictionary definition of present and after that, he still thinks his interpretation is valid and so he advised them to change their wording in the instructions to 'give a presentation of the finished product' to avoid confusion for future applicants (and generally for the sake of being more precise). They said that out of thousands of applicants Bob is the only one who misread that and they do not agree with him.

Common consent is not a compelling argument. Are there grammatical/linguistic reasons as to why their wording would be preferred to Bob's suggestion?

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How to give a presentation

Does the thought of public speaking start your stomach churning like a tornado? Would you rather get caught in an avalanche than give a speech? Giving an oral report does not have to be a natural disaster. There are two main elements—the writing and the presentation. Find out how to put it all together with tips from the Nat Geo Kids Almanac .

Writing Your Material

Try to keep your sentences short and simple. Long, complex sentences are harder to follow. Limit yourself to just a few key points. You don’t want to overwhelm your audience with too much information. To be most effective, hit your key points in the introduction, elaborate on them in the body, and then repeat them once again in your conclusion.

The three basic parts

• Introduction—This is your chance to engage your audience and really capture their interest in the subject you are presenting. Use a funny personal experience or a dramatic story, or start with an intriguing question.

• Body—This is the longest part of your report. Here you elaborate on the facts and ideas you want to convey. Give information that supports your main idea, and expand on it with specific examples or details. In other words, structure your oral report in the same way you would a written essay so that your thoughts are presented in a clear and organized manner.

• Conclusion—This is the time to summarize the information and emphasize your most important points to the audience one last time.

Preparing Your Delivery

Practice makes perfect. Confidence, enthusiasm, and energy are key to delivering an effective oral report, and they can best be achieved through rehearsal. Ask family and friends to be your practice audience and give you feedback when you’re done. Were they able to follow your ideas? Did you seem knowledgeable and confident? Did you speak too slowly or too fast, too softly or too loudly? The more times you practice giving your report, the more you’ll master the material. Then you won’t have to rely so heavily on your notes or papers, and you will be able to give your report in a relaxed and confident manner.

Present with everything you’ve got

Be as creative as you can. Incorporate videos, sound clips, slide presentations, charts, diagrams, and photos. Visual aids help stimulate your audience’s senses and keep them intrigued and engaged. They can also help to reinforce your key points. And remember that when you’re giving an oral report, you’re a performer. Take charge of the spotlight and be as animated and entertaining as you can. Have fun with it.

Keep your nerves under control

Everyone gets a little nervous when speaking in front of a group. That’s normal. But the more preparation you’ve done—meaning plenty of researching, organizing, and rehearsing—the more confident you’ll be. Preparation is the key. And if you make a mistake or stumble over your words, just regroup and keep going. Nobody’s perfect, and nobody expects you to be.

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Give a presentation

Give a presentation in powerpoint.

Start a presentation

On the Slide Show tab select From Beginning . Now, if you are working with PowerPoint on a single monitor and you want to display Presenter view, in Slide Show view, on the control bar at the bottom left select the three dots, and then Show Presenter View .

To move to the previous or next slide, select Previous or Next .

To view all the slides in your presentation, select See all slides .

Presenter View in PowerPoint 2016, with a circle around the Speaker Notes

During your presentation, the speaker notes are visible on your monitor, but aren't visible to the audience.

The Notes pane is a box that appears below each slide. Tap it to add notes.

If you don’t see the Notes pane or it is completely minimized, click Notes on the task bar across the bottom of the PowerPoint window

Shows the speaker Notes pane in PowerPoint

You can choose which language the caption/subtitle text should be shown to your audience. This feature requires Windows 10 and an up-to-date version of PowerPoint.

Select Slide Show > Subtitle Settings .

Set your Spoken Language .

Select Subtitle Language to see which languages PowerPoint can display on-screen as captions or subtitles, and select the one you want.

In the Subtitle Settings menu, set the desired position of the captions or subtitles.

More appearance settings are available by selecting Subtitle Settings > More Settings (Windows) .

An English speaker at a podium with live translated subtitles on-screen.

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Do You Have What It Takes to Give a Great Presentation?

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Three skills anyone can learn.

Great presentations are all about how well you engage your audience. Here are three ways to do that:

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Where your work meets your life. See more from Ascend here .

Have you ever seen a really great presentation? Honestly, they’re pretty rare.

Many presenters fail to make an impact, not because of what they’re presenting, but because of how they’re presenting it. Even subject matter experts can give a forgettable presentation if they don’t know how to engage their listeners, or more specifically, if they aren’t compelling speakers.

Contrary to what we were taught growing up, a great presentation entails a lot more than gestures, eye contact, and memorization. It takes not just confidence and competence, but also the ability to wow your audience. As a communications specialist, I have evaluated thousands of presentations, and the most striking and memorable ones include much more than a well-written speech or a well-spoken host. There are three specific qualities — both verbal and non-verbal — that make all the difference.

Be Balanced

When it comes to balance, Buddha’s story says it best. On his quest to enlightenment, Buddha received his great insight after overhearing a music teacher give the following advice:

“ If you tighten the string too much , it will snap, and if you leave it too slack, it will not play. ”

Likewise, to deliver a presentation that will “play,” or really engage your audience, you need to strike the right balance between structure and improvisation.

By structure, I mean preparation. Take the time to think about your audience beforehand. Ask yourself: What are their most pressing concerns and how can I best address them? Then, use that information to organize your message in a logical and simple way. For example, rather than preparing your content in a narrative form, take the time to segment it by topic (e.g., problem, opportunity, solution, feasibility, recommendation, etc.).  


By improvisation, I mean flexibility. Things are going to come up when you are presenting. You have to be able to respond to your audience’s immediate needs, even if they’re ones you weren’t expecting. Flexibility will give you the ability to respond to your audience in the moment in a natural and conversational manner.

Suppose you’re in the middle of delivering a presentation you’ve prepared and rehearsed multiple times. You know your subject, and you’re confident in what you’ve put together. But during the presentation you notice some confused looks and blank expressions around the room. Rather than continuing on with your original plan, stop and ask, “Would it help if I explained this another way?” In doing so, you are showing your audience that you notice them, and as a result, they will be more attentive and engaged. Once you address their concerns, you can safely return to the structure you prepared beforehand.

With the security of a clear roadmap in mind (aka structure), you will naturally be more relaxed, expressive, and willing to go off script, play off the audience, and insert interesting asides, anecdotes, and humor (aka improvisation). The two skills complement one another.

Be Generous

Being an outwardly expressive presenter starts with an inner process that addresses two key questions:

1) What do you want to accomplish by delivering your presentation?

2) What are you willing to do about it?

To answer the first question, you have to be brutally honest with yourself. If you are presenting a product to a customer, do you want to make the sale to meet your quota, or do you really believe your merchandise will make their life better? If you are pitching a new idea to your manager, are you doing it because you think it will change the world, or because you think it will get you a promotion? If you are sharing knowledge about your expertise, do you want to dazzle the audience because you like the spotlight, or because you think your work can help them?

Any goal that is not in service of your audience or that does not offer them something valuable to walk away with should be secondary. Let this principle guide the content you choose to present. It will take some effort, but when done well, you will end up delivering a message that resonates. Your audience will immediately recognize the due diligence, thoughtfulness and generosity that went into constructing a talk that is worth their time.

For instance, let’s say you are a salesperson trying to present a product to your customer. Rather than providing your standard pitch about how great your company is, take some time beforehand to research their wants and needs. Once that’s done, think about how you can deliver something that’s fresh and unique to their needs. Perhaps, you begin by reviewing their current challenges, pain points, and market opportunities, followed by how your ideas, product or service might help them solve their problems and achieve their goals.

To answer the second question, you need to be very self-aware. Quite often speakers get lost in trying to remember to stand up straight, project their voices, use power words, and avoid filler. But what’s more important is that you are placing yourself in your audience’s shoes and sharing your message in a way that is clear and understandable.

I have a trick to help you get in this mindset.

First, ask yourself: How would I deliver my presentation if I knew that my audience was going to be quizzed on everything I said a week later?

Now ask: What if the average percentile score on the quiz was also going to be applied to my salary for the next year? How would this impact the way I present?

Likely, you would present in a completely focused and emphatic way, and that, in turn, would inform your gestures, voice inflection, eye contact, and movement, all in a natural and engaging way.

“Wow, that was the best presentation I have ever been to! The speaker had perfect gestures, two-second eye contact, vocal variety, and not one filler word,” said no one ever.

And yet, our quest to deliver the perfect presentation persists.

We should all give ourselves a break, and take a note from Voltaire, who famously said, “Perfection is the enemy of the good.” This is true, too, when it comes to presentations.

I would even venture to say that the biggest obstacle that keeps us from reaching our potential as speakers is our attachment to perfection, or our widely held belief that a “perfect” presentation that follows all the rules will be the most effective and persuasive.

More than anything, our audience wants to connect with us as human beings and find the value in our message. To accomplish this, I highly recommend rehearsing, but here’s the caveat: only to a point. Familiarize yourself with your presentation, but do not memorize it .

Neuroscientists point out that activities like memorizing and reading engage one part of the brain (the hippocampus ) while consciousness and perception occurs in an entirely different part of the brain (the cerebrum ). Thus, when we focus on simply regurgitating information word-for-word, we’re engaging only that one part of our brain, foregoing any possibility of perceiving and responding to our audience in the moment, or improvising. If you’ve ever had to sit through a presentation where the speaker reads their slides, one after another, you certainly know what an agonizing experience it can be.

To familiarize yourself with your presentation, practice just enough to feel perfectly confident in knowing your structure, the major points, and overall flow. Now say it aloud a few times. Each time notice if your message is still the same (irrespective of the different words you may have used).

I know of a very popular keynote speaker who loses his place on purpose just to demonstrate that he is not perfect and, thereby, someone the audience can relate to. Jack White, the eclectic musician, will actually un-tune his guitar in the middle of a concert if it’s going too well in order to shatter the illusion of a seemingly perfect performance. As an artist, he knows that it’s impossible to “mail-in” a rote performance and stay present and deeply connected to his music and his audience.

While I am not recommending that you purposely make an error, the point is to be yourself when presenting. For instance, if you go blank for a moment, don’t apologize and act flustered, just pause, take a breath, collect your thoughts and continue on. Your audience may not even notice that you took a moment to regroup. Remember, they don’t care if you’re perfect, they are primarily focused on whether they’re getting their time’s worth, and the more they can identify with you, the more likely they will believe in  your message.

The best presentations aren’t just about the content. They are about how well you can engage with and relate to your listeners, and what those listeners will walk away remembering. By embracing the aforementioned, you’ll discover your own unique speaking style that will allow your oratory skills to soar.

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What Are Effective Presentation Skills (and How to Improve Them)

Presentation skills are essential for your personal and professional life. Learn about effective presentations and how to boost your presenting techniques.

[Featured Image]: The marketing manager, wearing a yellow top, is making a PowerPoint presentation.

At least seven out of 10 Americans agree that presentation skills are essential for a successful career [ 1 ]. Although it might be tempting to think that these are skills reserved for people interested in public speaking roles, they're critical in a diverse range of jobs. For example, you might need to brief your supervisor on research results.

Presentation skills are also essential in other scenarios, including working with a team and explaining your thought process, walking clients through project ideas and timelines, and highlighting your strengths and achievements to your manager during performance reviews.

Whatever the scenario, you have very little time to capture your audience’s attention and get your point across when presenting information—about three seconds, according to research [ 2 ]. Effective presentation skills help you get your point across and connect with the people you’re communicating with, which is why nearly every employer requires them.

Understanding what presentation skills are is only half the battle. Honing your presenting techniques is essential for mastering presentations of all kinds and in all settings.

What are presentation skills?

Presentation skills are the abilities and qualities necessary for creating and delivering a compelling presentation that effectively communicates information and ideas. They encompass what you say, how you structure it, and the materials you include to support what you say, such as slides, videos, or images.

You'll make presentations at various times in your life. Examples include:

Making speeches at a wedding, conference, or another event

Making a toast at a dinner or event

Explaining projects to a team 

Delivering results and findings to management teams

Teaching people specific methods or information

Proposing a vote at community group meetings

Pitching a new idea or business to potential partners or investors


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Why are presentation skills important? 

Delivering effective presentations is critical in your professional and personal life. You’ll need to hone your presentation skills in various areas, such as when giving a speech, convincing your partner to make a substantial purchase, and talking to friends and family about an important situation.

No matter if you’re using them in a personal or professional setting, these are the skills that make it easier and more effective to convey your ideas, convince or persuade others, and experience success. A few of the benefits that often accompany improving your presentation skills include:

Enriched written and verbal communication skills

Enhanced confidence and self-image

Boosted critical thinking and problem-solving capabilities

Better motivational techniques

Increased leadership skills

Expanded time management, negotiation, and creativity

The better your presenting techniques, the more engaging your presentations will be. You could also have greater opportunities to make positive impacts in business and other areas of your life.

Effective presentation skills

Imagine yourself in the audience at a TED Talk or sitting with your coworkers at a big meeting held by your employer. What would you be looking for in how they deliver their message? What would make you feel engaged?

These are a few questions to ask yourself as you review this list of some of the most effective presentation skills.

Verbal communication

How you use language and deliver messages play essential roles in how your audience will receive your presentation. Speak clearly and confidently, projecting your voice enough to ensure everyone can hear. Think before you speak, pausing when necessary and tailoring the way you talk to resonate with your particular audience.

Body language

Body language combines various critical elements, including posture, gestures, eye contact, expressions, and position in front of the audience. Body language is one of the elements that can instantly transform a presentation that would otherwise be dull into one that's dynamic and interesting.

Voice projection

The ability to project your voice improves your presentation by allowing your audience to hear what you're saying. It also increases your confidence to help settle any lingering nerves while also making your message more engaging. To project your voice, stand comfortably with your shoulders back. Take deep breaths to power your speaking voice and ensure you enunciate every syllable you speak.

How you present yourself plays a role in your body language and ability to project your voice. It also sets the tone for the presentation. Avoid slouching or looking overly tense. Instead, remain open, upright, and adaptable while taking the formality of the occasion into account.


Incorporating storytelling into a presentation is an effective strategy used by many powerful public speakers. It has the power to bring your subject to life and pique the audience’s curiosity. Don’t be afraid to tell a personal story, slowly building up suspense or adding a dramatic moment. And, of course, be sure to end with a positive takeaway to drive your point home.

Active listening

Active listening is a valuable skill all on its own. When you understand and thoughtfully respond to what you hear—whether it's in a conversation or during a presentation—you’ll likely deepen your personal relationships and actively engage audiences during a presentation. As part of your presentation skill set, it helps catch and maintain the audience’s attention, helping them remain focused while minimizing passive response, ensuring the message is delivered correctly, and encouraging a call to action.

Stage presence

During a presentation, projecting confidence can help keep your audience engaged. Stage presence can help you connect with your audience and encourage them to want to watch you. To improve your presence, try amping up your normal demeanor by infusing it with a bit of enthusiasm. Project confidence and keep your information interesting.

Watch your audience as you’re presenting. If you’re holding their attention, it likely means you’re connecting well with them.


Monitoring your own emotions and reactions will allow you to react well in various situations. It helps you remain personable throughout your presentation and handle feedback well. Self-awareness can help soothe nervousness during presentations, allowing you to perform more effectively.

Writing skills

Writing is a form of presentation. Sharp writing skills can help you master your presentation’s outline to ensure you stay on message and remain clear about your objectives from the beginning until the end. It’s also helpful to have strong writing abilities for creating compelling slides and other visual aids.

Understanding an audience

When you understand your audience's needs and interests, you can design your presentation around them. In turn, you'll deliver maximum value to them and enhance your ability to make your message easy to understand.

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How to improve presentation skills

There’s an art to public speaking. Just like any other type of art, this is one that requires practice. Improving your presentation skills will help reduce miscommunications, enhance your time management capabilities, and boost your leadership skills. Here are some ways you can improve these skills:

Work on self-confidence.

When you’re confident, you naturally speak more clearly and with more authority. Taking the time to prepare your presentation with a strong opening and compelling visual aids can help you feel more confident. Other ways to improve your self-confidence include practicing positive self-talk, surrounding yourself with positive people, and avoiding comparing yourself (or your presentation) to others.

Develop strategies for overcoming fear.

Many people are nervous or fearful before giving a presentation. A bad memory of a past performance or insufficient self-confidence can contribute to fear and anxiety. Having a few go-to strategies like deep breathing, practicing your presentation, and grounding can help you transform that fear into extra energy to put into your stage presence.

Learn grounding techniques.

Grounding is any type of technique that helps you steer your focus away from distressing thoughts and keeps you connected with your present self. To ground yourself, stand with your feet shoulder-width apart and imagine you’re a large, mature tree with roots extending deep into the earth—like the tree, you can become unshakable.

Learn how to use presentation tools.

Visual aids and other technical support can transform an otherwise good presentation into a wow-worthy one. A few popular presentation tools include:

Canva: Provides easy-to-design templates you can customize

Powtoon: Animation software that makes video creation fast and easy

PowerPoint: Microsoft's iconic program popular for dynamic marketing and sales presentations

Practice breathing techniques.

Breathing techniques can help quell anxiety, making it easier to shake off pre-presentation jitters and nerves. It also helps relax your muscles and get more oxygen to your brain.  For some pre-presentation calmness, you can take deep breaths, slowly inhaling through your nose and exhaling through your mouth.

While presenting, breathe in through your mouth with the back of your tongue relaxed so your audience doesn't hear a gasping sound. Speak on your exhalation, maintaining a smooth voice.

Gain experience.

The more you practice, the better you’ll become. The more you doanything, the more comfortable you’ll feel engaging in that activity. Presentations are no different. Repeatedly practicing your own presentation also offers the opportunity to get feedback from other people and tweak your style and content as needed.

Tips to help you ace your presentation

Your presentation isn’t about you; it’s about the material you’re presenting. Sometimes, reminding yourself of this ahead of taking center stage can help take you out of your head, allowing you to connect effectively with your audience. The following are some of the many actions you can take on the day of your presentation.

Arrive early.

Since you may have a bit of presentation-related anxiety, it’s important to avoid adding travel stress. Give yourself an abundance of time to arrive at your destination, and take into account heavy traffic and other unforeseen events. By arriving early, you also give yourself time to meet with any on-site technicians, test your equipment, and connect with people ahead of the presentation.

Become familiar with the layout of the room.

Arriving early also gives you time to assess the room and figure out where you want to stand. Experiment with the acoustics to determine how loudly you need to project your voice, and test your equipment to make sure everything connects and appears properly with the available setup. This is an excellent opportunity to work out any last-minute concerns and move around to familiarize yourself with the setting for improved stage presence.

Listen to presenters ahead of you.

When you watch others present, you'll get a feel for the room's acoustics and lighting. You can also listen for any data that’s relevant to your presentation and revisit it during your presentation—this can make the presentation more interactive and engaging.

Use note cards.

Writing yourself a script could provide you with more comfort. To prevent sounding too robotic or disengaged, only include talking points in your note cards in case you get off track. Using note cards can help keep your presentation organized while sounding more authentic to your audience.

Learn to deliver clear and confident presentations with Dynamic Public Speaking from the University of Washington. Build confidence, develop new delivery techniques, and practice strategies for crafting compelling presentations for different purposes, occasions, and audiences.



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Article sources

Forbes. “ New Survey: 70% Say Presentation Skills are Critical for Career Success ,” Accessed December 7, 2022. “ 15 Presentation and Public Speaking Stats You Need to Know , Accessed December 7, 2022.

This content has been made available for informational purposes only. Learners are advised to conduct additional research to ensure that courses and other credentials pursued meet their personal, professional, and financial goals.

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Woburn HS Students, DEA, Elks Give Presentation On Safe Driving

Members of a teen safe driving program partnered with the massachusetts dea educational foundation and the woburn/stoneham elks lodge #908..

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Chris Rhatigan , Patch Staff

Retired Officer Brian O'Keefe presents to WMHS first year and sophomore students on drug prevention in partnership with Woburn/Stoneham Elks Lodge #908 and the DEA Educational Foundation.

WOBURN, MA — Members of a teen driving program and their partners recently gave a presentation on drug misuse prevention to Woburn Memorial High School students. The Massachusetts DEA Educational Foundation and a local Elks Lodge are partnering with the group to promote safe driving.

More information is included in the press release below from Woburn Public Schools:

Superintendent Matthew Crowley is pleased to share that students in Woburn Memorial High School's Survive the Drive LEARN club recently partnered with the Massachusetts DEA Educational Foundation and the Woburn/Stoneham Elks Lodge #908 to give a presentation on drug misuse prevention and awareness to WMHS students.

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Survive the Drive LEARN is a teen driving program that promotes safe drive and ride tips to help stop impaired driving crashes. With support from family and friends, the club was created in memory of WMHS students Jamie Lawton and Cassandra Donovan who died in separate crashes, one as a driver in 2004 and one as a passenger in 2005.

One of the club’s annual events includes hosting a presentation for grade 9 students in wellness classes to discuss the risks associated with substance use. This year, club leaders hosted representatives from the Woburn/Stoneham Elks Lodge #908 and Massachusetts DEA Educational Foundation to give a comprehensive presentation on Friday, May 19, to grades 9 and 10 health and wellness classes. More than 50 students attended.

Rob Manzella, Exalted Ruler for the Woburn Stoneham Elks Lodge #908 -- a national fraternal organization that focuses on charitable causes to support the community -- with Dan Staffieri of the DEA educational foundation hosted the event at WMHS.

"As a father of two teenage daughters, it is alarming how easy it has become to make such a deadly mistake while operating a vehicle. The program was an eye opener," said Manzella. "Brian O’Keefe brought a lot of real-life examples and experiences into the conversation. The Woburn/Stoneham Elks plan on making these types of programs an annual thing."

Brian O'Keefe, New England Field Division Community Outreach Specialist for the DEA and retired officer of the Manchester, NH, Police Department, shared various real-world examples with students that demonstrated the risks associated with drug use and the importance of practicing safe driving habits. Key points of his presentation included current drug trends including opioids, marijuana, alcohol and nicotine, how drug use changes the developing brain, the rise in counterfeit/contaminated drugs, unregulated drugs and overdose risks, changes in access for younger people, and marketing ploys to lure in users for profit.

The Elks Lodge #908 also generously donated $1,000 to Survive the Drive LEARN, which the club will use to purchase car decals, lanyards, and shirts for members.

"I am so thankful that the Woburn/Stoneham Elks Lodge #908 chose to partner with our club to bring their drug prevention program to WMHS students and club members," said LEARN Advisor Loren Baccari. "Rob Manzella and the Elks Lodge #908 and Dan Staffieri from the DEAEF are dedicated to providing programs that support our youth and better our communities. Brian O’Keefe was a dynamic speaker with content that was direct and that students could relate to. I received positive feedback from the students and I’m looking forward to making this an annual event with The Elks and DEAEF. The donation from the ELKS with support from the DEAEF was beyond generous and will be put toward merch to promote our club mission in stopping impaired driving crashes in memory of Jamie Lawton and Cassie Donovan."

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Value Investing Keynote Presentation at the ASAC Conference

Value Investing Keynote Presentation at the ASAC Conference

Dr. George Athanassakos gave a keynote presentation, titled "Value vs Growth Investing and the Future of Stock Prices", at the ASAC (Administrative Sciences Association of Canada) Conference in Toronto, ON, Canada, an event hosted by the Ted Rogers School of Management at Toronto Metropolitan University.

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Navy frogman to give presentation over Apollo 11 recovery

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The Navy frogmen, including Mike Mallory, were part of the Apollo 11 recovery.

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WAPAKONETA — The Armstrong Air & Space Museum will be hosting Apollo 11 Navy frogman Mike Mallory for a special presentation on Wednesday, June 14, at 2 p.m. in the museum’s STEM Inspiration Center. After the presentation, Mallory will have a meet and greet session with guests, along with an autograph signing.

Mallory served in the US Navy during the Vietnam War as part of Underwater Demolition Team, also known as the frogmen. Mallory was chosen as one of the four divers to aid in the recovery of the Apollo 11 astronauts in July 1969. Mallory was also the only diver to be given a camera during the mission and captured close up images of the astronauts exiting the Apollo command module.

Mallory is no stranger to Wapakoneta or the Armstrong Air & Space Museum. Mallory has been a speaker and guest of honor for the city’s Summer Moon Festival numerous times over the past seven years.

“Mike’s story really resonates with so many people,” says Logan Rex, Armstrong Museum curator. “The frogmen, some of the bravest and toughest people in our military, were the first people to greet the astronauts after returning to Earth from a different celestial body. It’s amazing to think that Mike helped in one of the greatest accomplishments in human history.”

This event is included in that day’s museum admission. Seating in the STEM Inspiration Center is limited and based on first-come, first served.

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In challenge to Meta, Apple expected to unveil mixed-reality headset

women uses her iPhone mobile device as she passes a lighted Apple logo at the Apple store in New York

SAN FRANCISCO, June 2 (Reuters) - Apple Inc (AAPL.O) is widely expected to announce a new headset that will blend video of the outside world with the virtual one at its annual software developer conference next week.

Apple CEO Tim Cook and Meta Platforms Inc's (META.O) CEO, Mark Zuckerberg, are jockeying to define how consumers will put to use a new generation of technology where real and digital worlds converge.

Zuckerberg has laid out a vision of the "metaverse," a parallel digital universe where people will gather together to work and play, and has had products out for years.

Apple marketing chief Greg Joswiak, by contrast, recently called the metaverse "a word I'll never use." And Apple's device so far is just a rumor. Apple's presentations at its Worldwide Developers Conference start at 10 a.m. PDT (1700 GMT) in California on Monday.

Until now, the company best known for iPhones has limited its augmented-reality efforts to technology that works on existing devices, for instance by enabling retailers' apps to show virtual furniture in a customer's living room.

"Meta and Apple are competing with each other. The difference is that Meta is doing it publicly, while Apple is doing it privately," said Anshel Sag, principal analyst at Moor Insights & Strategy.

Analysts say that the Apple device, which Bloomberg has reported could cost near $3,000 and look like a pair of ski goggles, is a place holder of sorts. The Cupertino, California, company's grand vision remains to produce a pair of transparent glasses that overlay digital information on the real world and can be worn all day, every day, those analysts say, but in the face of competition, it decided to launch its own goggles.

Apple declined to comment on its future plans and products.


The technology for Apple glasses remains years away, and in the meantime, Apple's rivals such as Sony Group Corp (6758.T) and Pico, which is owned by TikTok parent ByteDance, have released mixed-reality headsets that hint at what is possible by blending the real and virtual worlds. Meta Platforms this week announced its Quest 3 headset for $500, after last year's release of the Quest Pro, which sells for $1,000.

Apple has been pushing augmented-reality features for its iPhones and iPads since 2017, but its mainstream uses have remained limited to mostly furniture-shopping apps and a handful of games.

Part of the reason Apple has kept its efforts private, analysts say, is that no one in Silicon Valley is quite sure how people will eventually use mixed- or augmented-reality technology, which industry insiders call "XR" for short. There is no "killer app" for the device yet.

So rather than target a mass-market price point, Apple appears to be readying a premium device that is aimed at showing software developers what is possible so they can come up with compelling apps.

"No one there believes this market is anywhere near ripe in the foreseeable future," said Ben Bajarin, chief executive and principal analyst at Creative Strategies.

The biggest risk for Apple is putting its reputation for polished products on the line while engaging in a costly battle with Meta for dominance over a market that barely exists yet. Last year, Meta had 80% of an overall market for augmented- and virtual-reality headsets that was just 8.8 million units, according to data from research firm IDC. By contrast, IDC estimates that Apple alone sold 226 million iPhones.

While Meta has products on the market, Apple has major advantages in defining the emerging field among software developers, said Jitesh Ubrani, a research manager who tracks the XR market at IDC. Apple has strong relationships with developers who want to access an installed base of 2 billion devices that spans Macs, Apple Watches, iPhones and more.

"They can leverage that ecosystem they've already built to keep users within their walled garden," Ubrani said. "And Apple is in a much better position to give you an experience that works across devices than Meta is."

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WWDC 2023: everything announced at Apple’s huge event

Mark Jansen

As regular as the tides, Apple’s Worldwide Developer Conference (WWDC) has become a big and highly anticipated part of our calendar. As is usual, this year’s keynote announcements will include all the usual improvements for iOS, iPadOS, watchOS, macOS, and more — but this year is also different, thanks to the reveal of a brand new area for Apple, the Vision Pro headset.

Vision Pro VR headset

15-inch macbook air, new mac studio and mac pro, journal app, macos sonoma, audio and video updates, mental and physical health tools.

The keynote was jammed full of content, as usual, and there’s  plenty  to talk about. Here’s a recap of everything Apple announced at WWDC 2023!

An Apple-branded augmented reality/virtual reality has been rumored for years and years, but it’s finally here. The final part of the WWDC keynote was dedicated to the Vision Pro AR headset , and Apple really went in-depth, offering insights into the many possible uses for the new product — which is understandable, as it’s one of Apple’s biggest new launches since the original Apple Watch.

It’s important to note that this product is not the long-awaited Apple-branded smart glasses, which are a purely AR experience and will probably look like a regular pair of glasses. Instead, the Vision Pro is a VR headset set to compete with the Meta Quest 3 and PlayStation VR2 and sports a similar style, with a broad visor and full head strap.

Except, it’s not exactly the same as its competitors. Most VR headsets are big and heavy items, and it’s clear a slim build and light weight were top of Apple’s goals with this headset. Light materials have been used wherever possible, with more premium and heavier materials only used where absolutely necessary — like the front of the device, which is entirely glass. There’s a Digital Crown on the Vision Pro, too, borrowed from the Apple Watch to provide a small element of physical control. The headset’s frame bends slightly to fit around your face, while the band has been designed to be as comfortable as possible. Inserts can be added for those who use glasses, while the battery is connected by wire and can be slipped into a pocket so it doesn’t weigh down the headset. There are no controllers. Instead, the Vision Pro is controlled by your voice, hands, and eyes.

This headset is an extremely high-end entry in VR headsets, too, with each of the two displays containing more pixels than a 4K TV for unmatched crispness. It’s powered by Apple’s powerful M2 processor., the same chip you’ll find in the latest Macbook Pro 13-inch laptops , and it’s backed up by a new R1 chip created especially for the Vision Pro. It makes sure images are sent to the display in a seamless manner, eradicating frame lag that would impair the experience and freeing up the M2 to handle the other processing.

A blend of augmented reality (AR) and virtual reality (VR), the Vision Pro is the first Apple product you look through rather than at . Apple is clearly intending the headset to be an extension of your existing Apple ecosystem. As such, the Vision Pro has all the same Apple apps as your iPhone and can access your photos, videos, and call contacts.

The array of sensors and cameras on the front of the device means you can see your home through the Vision Pro, much like the Meta Quest’s Passthrough feature. Apple intends for you to use this around your house as a place to construct your own augmented reality space. Apps can be placed in physical space and expanded or shrunk to your needs, and they can be anchored in place so they don’t move when you do. Would you rather the real world fade away? You can add an immersive landscape experience instead of the real world, transporting yourself to a number of places, and can fine-tune your immersion level (i.e., whether you want it to be slightly transparent or not) using the Digital Crown.

Incredibly, that passthrough of information extends to you. Using internal cameras and sensors, a live feed of your eyes can be displayed on the Vision Pro and indicates when you’re using Eyesight to see through your headset’s cameras. This means those around you can see your eyes, even while using the Vision Pro. This is a massive deal in the VR space, as it stops users from being as locked out as they are in other headsets … even if it does look a little “uncanny valley.” Those same cameras and sensors are also being used for security, which is, as ever for Apple, a big part of the Vision Pro. The headset will use your eye’s unique iris information to unlock your device, a feature Apple is calling Optic ID.

As you’d expect, the Vision Pro works well with existing Apple accessories. The Magic Keyboard functions within Vision Pro, and incredibly, so does your Mac. Load up your Mac, and it can spring to life within Vision Pro, giving you a much larger screen to work with. Apple boasts this will work well within an office environment, whether in person or when working from home. After work, you can load up a streaming service and immerse yourself into a 3D movie on an incredibly rendered 100-foot screen .

3D motion on videos and spatial audio means memories and experiences will be even more immersive than ever on Vision Pro and can be captured directly from the Vision Pro for experiencing later. Vision Pro also supports Apple Arcade games and comes with PlayStation DualSense controller support, making it the one-stop space for work and play. Over one hundred games will be ready for Vision Pro on launch.

Another surprise guest for the keynote, Disney’s Bob Iger, dropped by to endorse the Apple Vision Pro and announce Disney support. Disney Plus app support will be available from day one, but for now, the deeper implications of Disney’s and Apple’s partnership remain to be seen. A speculative video teased some features that Disney is apparently working on and included additional context windows when watching Disney shows, special Disney VR environments, the ability to watch sports games from inside the arena, interact with Marvel’s What If series, and more.

Apple clearly has a vision for the Vision Pro, with the presentation being chock full of people using the Vision Pro while packing for trips, fetching drinks from the fridge, and even playing with their kids. The small dimensions and weight of the device mean Apple is clearly hoping this will be a device people will be able to put on and keep on for a long time and not just use in short spurts. In short, Apple wants the Vision Pro to be as big a part of your life as your iPhone.

The price is a big hurdle for that goal, though. The Apple Vision Pro starts from $3,499, a far cry from the much more reasonable price of other AR/VR headsets. The Apple Vision Pro will be available in 2024.

Apple kicked off WWDC by introducing a new Macbook Air , a 15-inch variant of the regular 13-inch Macbook Air. Apple claims it’s the world’s best 15-inch laptop, with a thin and light but durable design, an extremely powerful Apple M2 processor, and a gorgeous 15.3-inch Retina display. If you’ve seen and used an M2 Macbook Air 13-inch, then imagine that, but bigger. It comes in four colors and comes with the MagSafe charging port, two USB-C ports, and a headphone jack. The display tops out at 500 nits of brightness and has a 1080 webcam above and six spatial speakers below. Apple claims it will have 18 hours of battery life.

The Macbook Air 15 will cost $1,299 ($1,199 for educators). The M2 Macbook Air 13 will get a small price drop to celebrate, falling to $1,099, while the M1 Macbook Air will fall to $999.

The professional-but-tiny Mac Studio is getting new versions using Apple’s most powerful new cores. There’s now an M2 Max and M2 Pro version of the Mac Studio, but the new Mac Studio will also sport a brand new Apple chip — the Apple M2 Ultra . Basically, two M2 Pro processors stuck together, the M2 Ultra is a stunningly powerful chip and is capable of 22 streams of 8K ProRes footage in Final Cut Pro, and is 6x faster than the fastest Intel-powered Mac Pro.

The Mac Studio isn’t the only Mac product getting the M2 Ultra. There’s a new Mac Pro with the M2 Ultra as well, giving the Mac Pro a much-needed and powerful upgrade to a 24-core CPU and a 76-core GPU. This new Mac Pro has eight Thunderbolt ports, six expansion slots for customization, and it comes in both tower and rack mount enclosures.

The M2 Mac Studio starts from $1,999, while the M2 Ultra Mac Pro starts from $6,999. Preorders open today, with shipping starting next week.

As has become tradition, the new version of iOS was a key part of the WWDC keynote. There’s no big headline-grabbing feature this time around, with Apple focusing largely on quality-of-life improvements over fancy new additions, but even with that in mind, there are plenty of reasons to be excited about iOS 17 .

iOS 17 will add personal contact “posters” when called by specific contacts, giving you the ability to customize your contact screen the same way you’d customize your lock screen. That’s not the only part of the Phone app being updated, as Apple is also adding Live Voicemail. This feature, similar to the Google Pixel’s Call Screen, offers a real-time transcript of a voicemail, so you can choose whether or not you want to pick up a call. Finally, FaceTime is also getting video voicemails, so you can leave a message for someone even if they’re not available at that moment in time.

Messages is getting a few upgrades too. You’ll be able to create search filters and get a catch-up arrow to jump to where you left off in a particular chat, so you don’t have to keep scrolling to get back to where you left off. Messages is also getting a live location feature, which comes hand-in-hand with the new Check-In feature. Check-In is a safety-conscious feature that lets specific contacts know when you get home safely, and it’ll also let specific contacts know if it seems as if something has gotten wrong on your way home.

On a lighter note, the Sticker feature has been expanded with a new Sticker drawer, the conversion of all emojis into Stickers, and the ability to use Stickers anywhere on iOS.

AirDrop on iOS 17 will support NameDrop, a new way of transferring contact information between iPhones. To use it, simply place your iPhone near another and choose which contacts to transfer. It’ll even work with an Apple Watch. AirDrop will now also continue transferring over mobile internet if you leave AirDrop range.

The keyboard’s autocorrect is getting supercharged, with more intelligent corrections and automatic word learning for a more personal touch. Dictation will also benefit from these changes, making it more accurate.

Apple leaned hard into the lock screen changes last year, and iOS 17 is building even further on that. In iOS 17, your iPhone’s lock screen will morph into a smart home display-like state called Standby. When it’s not in use and in a horizontal orientation, it’ll show the weather, upcoming appointments, notifications, and other important information. Apple’s aim is to make your iPhone more useful even when you’re not using it, and it helps to fill a smart display-sized hole in Apple’s Homekit offerings. Siri works in Standby by just saying “Siri,” and it adapts for nighttime as well, shifting into a less intrusive red light.

The developer beta for iOS 17 is available today, with a public beta coming next month and a full release in the fall.

One of the more surprising additions to iOS 17 is the  Journal app . Essentially a diary app cranked up to 11, Apple’s new app will use machine learning to prompt users to add the details of their day, along with their thoughts and feelings.

Photos and Maps will be integrated into the experience, providing additional prompts and content for your daily entries. All processing will be done on-device in order to ensure user security. Journaling is a well-known mindfulness technique, so it’s easy to see this as Apple pushing further into the physical and mental health world. We’re excited to try this out.

Apple iPadOS 17 will be getting a lot of the same updates and tweaks as iOS 17 but with a few additions just for the large-screened operating system.

Widgets are getting improvements in iPadOS 17, and you’ll be able to quickly interact with any widget on your home screen without needing to shift to the widget’s app. Lock screen customization is also arriving on iPadOS 17, and it means you’ll be able to customize your iPad’s lock screen to match or contrast with your iPhone’s lock screen, with the benefit of seeing it on a much larger screen. Live Activities is also coming to iPadOS’s lock screen, as well as the ability to show multiple timers at once.

One of the biggest and best improvements to iPadOS, though, has to be the addition of the Health app. Apple provides a lot of health data, so it’s great to have the large screen of an iPad to really dive deep into your latest workouts, health reports, and more.

PDF support is getting improved too, and now iPads will be able to detect the text entry portions on a PDF, giving you the ability to quickly and easily fill in the entries you need to complete before sending it off. PDFs will now also be stored within the Notes app, giving you unparalleled ability to store multiple PDFs within a single note or work with someone else on the same information using Live Collaboration.

The developer beta is releasing today, while a public beta will come next month, and the final release dropping in the fall.

As expected, the new version of macOS debuted at the WWDC Keynote. Named macOS Sonoma, this new update includes a lot of the new additions coming to iOS and iPadOS. Sonoma includes a number of stunning new video screensavers which slowly scroll across gorgeous scenes from around the world.

Do you love widgets? We do, and so does Apple. Sonoma is adding the ability to add widgets directly to your desktop. You can add them wherever you like, and they intelligently adapt to what you’re doing on your Mac at any time. They’ll change color depending on your wallpaper, and when you’re using an app, they’ll fade into the background so they’re less distracting. Like iPhone and iPad, Sonoma’s widgets are fully interactable directly from the desktop.

Gaming hasn’t traditionally been macOS’s strong suit, but Apple’s M-series processors are changing that . Sonoma is getting a Game Mode, which optimizes your Mac to run games, reducing non-game processes to make sure your Mac runs your games in tip-top condition. That wasn’t everything on the gaming side, too. Legendary game director Hideo Kojima made a surprise appearance to announce that the Death Stranding Directors Cut would be coming to Macs later this year.

MacOS isn’t all play and no work, too. A presenter overlay will pop up during video presentations, giving you more immediate feedback on your current presentation, while watchers will be able to respond to your presentations with interactive reactions. These will work on most video presenting platforms, including Zoom and FaceTime.

Some additional updates for Safari will now allow for secure password sharing and introduce a new Profile system, which will allow you to separate your browsing history and cookies between work and play or just between users on a single machine. If you use specific websites a lot, the new WebApp feature can turn those websites into a pseudo-app interface, removing the website from Safari and giving it its own specific window.

Sonoma’s developer beta is available today, while the public beta comes in July. As with the other software announced today, a full release will arrive in the fall.

The most popular headphones in the world, the AirPods, are getting new abilities. Adaptive Audio combines Noise Cancellation and the Transparency mode to intelligently adapt and swap between audio modes when required. So distracting noises will be tuned out, while anything important will be highlighted. Conversation Awareness plays into this by automatically lowering the music volume when it detects you’re starting to talk to someone and focusing the Transparency mode on the person you’re talking to.

AirPlay is also being improved. AirPlay will learn when and where you tend to use your different Airplay devices and will start to offer AirPlay ahead of time. AirPlay in Hotels is another new addition, which will allow for quick and easy pairing to specific hotel sound systems.

Apple’s TV operating system, tvOS, wasn’t left out. tvOS’s control center has been improved, making it easier and quicker to use. Your iPhone can also be used to find your Siri Remote, reducing that annoying time spent hunting for a remote. The most exciting addition to tvOS, though, is the addition of FaceTime to Apple TV . You can quickly and easily send your FaceTime calls to your Apple TV, and all the usual features, like Center Stage, will work great on Apple TV’s FaceTime. You can even use SharePlay for the ultimate viewing experience with friends.

Did you think you’d had enough customization? Well, you haven’t — because watchOS 10 is getting customization options too. The new version of watchOS will allow you to change any of your watch faces for your own personal needs by adding Smart Stacks with widgets that are accessible by just moving your Digital Crown. You can add or remove widgets with a long press, and you can quickly access your favorite apps directly from the Smart Stack.

Apple has also been working on cycling tracking, and watchOS 10 will now support Bluetooth bike sensors, so you can track your cadence and power using your Apple Watch. This is a big addition for cyclists, as it helps cut down on the number of devices needed when going out for a long ride. Apple Watch cycling workouts will now show up as a Live Activity on your iPhone automatically, so you can put your iPhone in a bike mount and keep updated with your Apple Watch’s stats as you cycle.

The Compass app is getting some great new safety options, including a pair of features that show where you last accessed cell connection, as well as the nearest location that can be used to send an SOS message. There’s also an elevation view and the ability to search for nearby facilities and hiking trails.

The Apple Watch will also now be able to analyze your tennis or golf swing and keep you updated as to how you’re progressing in your chosen sport.

Having conquered the world of physical health, Apple now wants to shine a light on mental health. The Mindfulness app in watchOS 10, iOS 17, and iPadOS 17 will now be able to record how you’re feeling at any particular moment, as well as record what you think might be causing that mood.

Mindfulness will also use clinical questionnaires to help you stay on top of your mental health and will even let you know if it thinks you may need to speak to someone about your health.

Myopia (short-sightedness) has been a particular focus for Apple this year, and now, watchOS 10 will track the time spent in daylight for kids, which has been proven to help reduce the chances of myopia development in children. Also included is a feature that will measure the distance at which your child uses their iPad or iPhone, another key indicator of potential myopia.

Editors' Recommendations

Mark Jansen

At WWDC 2023, Apple rolled out big updates to its software portfolio. From iPhones to Macs and iPads to Watches, all the devices are getting new updates with a slew of added features. This is especially true of the watchOS 10 update coming to the Apple Watch.

The upcoming Apple Watch operating system includes redesigned apps, a variety of new watch faces, and a new Smart Stack to show relevant widgets right when they’re needed. Apple is also adding features to make use of the speed sensors and cadence sensors, which come in handy for cyclists. There are new Compass Waypoints and Maps capabilities for hikers. Plus, the Mindfulness app will now offer additional tools to support mental health.

At WWDC 2023, Apple announced iPadOS 17 for its tablets. The next version of the iPad operating system is claimed to deliver new ways for you to personalize the lock screen and interact with widgets while also making it easier for you to work with PDFs in Notes. You can also now access the Health app on your iPad. The lock screen personalization is much like the iPhone lock screen customization that launched with iOS 16.

But iPadOS 17 is not available for all iPads that got iPadOS 16 last year. Here's the full list of every iPad that will (and won't) get iPadOS 17 this year. iPadOS 17 is compatible with these iPads

Apple announced a slew of updates to iOS — the operating system for iPhones — at WWDC 2023. With iOS 17, the company is rolling out features to not only apps like Phone, Messages, Safari, and Maps, but it's also updating AirDrop to make it even better.

But with every new iOS update, it begs an important question: Will my iPhone be updated? Probably, but also maybe not. Here's every iPhone that will (and won't) be updated to iOS 17. iOS 17 is compatible with iPhone Xs and newer Apple iPhone 8 Julian Chokkattu/Digital Trends

I need to give a 5 minute presentation about data analysis. I would...

I need to give a 5 minute presentation about data analysis.

I would like you to analyze the data using a variety of techniques for dealing with imbalanced datasets.

CondensedNearestNeighbour TomekLinks OneSidedSelection EditedNearestNeighbours RepeatedEditedNearestNeighbours AllKNN RandomOverSampler SMOTE

Please use these techniques to analyze data.

This code was used on a different data set, but please use it as a reference. The code:

Any imbalanced datasets are fine, but you can also use the datasets in the link below.

Credit card dataset: 

I would like to see the roc-auc score, etc. for each technique calculated from the code and analyzed.

And finally, I would like to see a summary of how the analysis differs for each technique.

Answer & Explanation

To perform data analysis on imbalanced datasets using various techniques, I will need to provide you with the steps and code snippets as guidance. However, please note that due to the limitations of this text-based interface, I won't be able to execute the code directly or provide a complete analysis within the given time frame. I will provide an outline of the steps you can follow, code examples, and a summary of the expected analysis for each technique.

Here is a suggested approach for analyzing imbalanced datasets using the techniques you mentioned:

Data Loading: Load the dataset into your preferred data analysis environment, such as Python with libraries like Pandas and Scikit-learn.

Data Exploration: Perform exploratory data analysis (EDA) to understand the structure and characteristics of the dataset. This step involves checking for class imbalance, missing values, and other relevant insights.

Splitting the Data: Split the dataset into training and testing subsets using an appropriate strategy, such as stratified sampling to preserve the class distribution.

Repeat the above steps for each technique you want to analyze, replacing the appropriate technique and associated parameters.

Model Training and Evaluation: Train a classification model on both the original and resampled datasets. Choose an appropriate classifier for your data, such as Logistic Regression, Random Forest, or XGBoost. Evaluate the model's performance using relevant metrics like ROC-AUC score, precision, recall, and F1-score.

Comparative Analysis: Compare the performance metrics obtained for each technique and draw conclusions about their effectiveness in handling imbalanced datasets. Consider factors like the impact on minority class prediction, overall model performance, and potential trade-offs in terms of computational cost or increased false positive/negative rates.

Remember to adapt and modify the code from the provided reference according to your specific dataset and analysis requirements.

It is recommended to familiarize yourself with the documentation and examples of the imbalanced-learn library ( to understand the usage and parameters of the different techniques you mentioned.

Given the time constraints of a 5-minute presentation, you may focus on presenting an overview of the techniques, their purpose, and high-level results. You can also provide visualizations, such as ROC curves, to support your analysis summary.

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    Given the time constraints of a 5-minute presentation, you may focus on presenting an overview of the techniques, their purpose, and high-level results. You can also provide visualizations, such as ROC curves, to support your analysis summary.