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Science Subject for Elementary School Simple Machines Presentation Template

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Science Subject for Elementary School Simple Machines

Energy, power, and time—three things common to humans and machines. Teach students how machines facilitate work with this simple machines template. In vibrant colors, these slides give you plenty of room to entertain and inform. Fill out ready-made pages for course outlines, topics and ideas, charts and graphs, facts and figures, and illustrations. Discover a handy resource slide packed with eye-catching elements and icons. Check out the How-To slide at the start of the deck for tips on using it as a Google Slides theme, PowerPoint template, or Canva theme.

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Brought to you by CU Engineering (University of Colorado Boulder)

FREE K-12 standards-aligned STEM

curriculum for educators everywhere!

Find more at TeachEngineering.org .

  • TeachEngineering
  • Engineering: Simple Machines

Lesson Engineering: Simple Machines

Grade Level: 4 (3-5)

Time Required: 30 minutes

Lesson Dependency: None

Subject Areas: Geometry, Physical Science, Problem Solving, Reasoning and Proof, Science and Technology

powerpoint presentation on simple machines

  • Print lesson and its associated curriculum

Curriculum in this Unit Units serve as guides to a particular content or subject area. Nested under units are lessons (in purple) and hands-on activities (in blue). Note that not all lessons and activities will exist under a unit, and instead may exist as "standalone" curriculum.

  • Stack It Up!
  • Choosing a Pyramid Site
  • Solid Rock to Building Block
  • Wheeling It In!
  • Watch It Slide!
  • Pulley'ing Your Own Weight
  • Modern Day Pyramids

TE Newsletter

Engineering connection, learning objectives, worksheets and attachments, more curriculum like this, introduction/motivation, associated activities, lesson closure, vocabulary/definitions, additional multimedia support, user comments & tips.

Engineers are creative problem solvers

Why do engineers care about simple machines? How do such devices help engineers improve society? Simple machines are important and common in our world today in the form of everyday devices (crowbars, wheelbarrows, highway ramps, etc.) that individuals, and especially engineers, use on a daily basis. The same physical principles and mechanical advantages of simple machines used by ancient engineers to build pyramids are employed by today's engineers to construct modern structures such as houses, bridges and skyscrapers. Simple machines give engineers added tools for solving everyday challenges.

After this lesson, students should be able to:

  • Understand what a simple machine is and how it would help an engineer to build something.
  • Identify six types of simple machines.
  • Understand how the same physical principles used by engineers today to build skyscrapers were employed in ancient times by engineers to build pyramids.
  • Generate and compare multiple possible solutions to creating a simple lever machine based on how well each met the constraints of the challenge.

Educational Standards Each TeachEngineering lesson or activity is correlated to one or more K-12 science, technology, engineering or math (STEM) educational standards. All 100,000+ K-12 STEM standards covered in TeachEngineering are collected, maintained and packaged by the Achievement Standards Network (ASN) , a project of D2L (www.achievementstandards.org). In the ASN, standards are hierarchically structured: first by source; e.g. , by state; within source by type; e.g. , science or mathematics; within type by subtype, then by grade, etc .

Ngss: next generation science standards - science.

View aligned curriculum

Do you agree with this alignment? Thanks for your feedback!

International Technology and Engineering Educators Association - Technology

How did the Egyptians build the Great Pyramids thousands of years ago (~2,500 BCE)? Could you build a pyramid using 9,000-kilogram (~10-ton or 20,000-lb) blocks of stone with your bare hands? That's like trying to move a large elephant with your bare hands! How many people might it take to move a block that big? It would still be a challenge to build a pyramid today even with modern tools, such as jackhammers, cranes, trucks and bulldozers. But without these modern tools, how did Egyptian workers cut, shape, transport and place enormous stones? Well, one key to accomplishing this amazing and difficult task was the use of simple machines.

Simple machines are devices with no, or very few, moving parts that make work easier. Many of today's complex tools are really just more complicated forms of the six simple machines. By using simple machines, ordinary people can split huge rocks, hoist large stones, and move blocks over great distances.

However, it took more than just simple machines to build the pyramids. It also took tremendous planning and a great design . Planning, designing, working as a team and using tools to create something, or to get a job done, is what engineering is all about. Engineers use their knowledge, creativity and problem-solving skills to accomplish some amazing feats to solve real-world challenges. People call on engineers to use their understanding of how things work to do seemingly impossible jobs and make everyday activities easier. It is surprising how many times engineers turn to simple machines to solve these problems.

Once we understand simple machines, you will recognize them in many common activities and everyday items. (Hand out Simple Machines Reference Sheet .) These are the six simple machines: wedge, wheel and axle, lever, inclined plane, screw , and pulley . Now that you see the pictures, do you recognize some of these simple machines? Can you see any of these simple machines around the classroom? How do they work? Well, an important vocabulary term when learning about simple machines is the phenomenon of  mechanical advantage . Mechanical advantage of simple machines means we can use less force to move an object, but we have to move it a longer distance. A good example is pushing a heavy object up a ramp. It may be easier to push the object up a ramp instead of just lifting it up to the right height, but it takes a longer distance. A ramp is an example of the simple machine called an inclined plane . We are going to learn a lot more about each of these six simple machines that are a simple solution to helping engineers, and all humans, do hard work.

Sometimes it is difficult to recognize simple machines in our lives because they look different than the examples we see at school. To make our study of simple machines easier, let's imagine that we are living in ancient Egypt and that the leader of the country has hired us as engineers to build a pyramid. Students can act as engineers with the fun and hands-on activities: Stack It Up! and Choosing a Pyramid Site to design and plan the construction of a new pyramid. Today's availability of electricity and technologically-advanced machines make it difficult for us to see what the simple machine is accomplishing. But in the context of ancient Egypt, the simple machines that we will study are the much more basic tools of the time. After we develop an understanding of simple machines, we will shift our context to building a skyscraper in the present day, so we can compare and contrast how simple machines were used across the centuries and are still used today.

Lesson Background and Concepts for Teachers

Use the attached Introduction to Simple Machines PowerPoint presentation and Simple Machines Reference Sheet as helpful classroom tools. (Show the PowerPoint presentation, or print out the slides to use with an overhead projector. The presentation is animated to promote an inquiry-based style; each click reveals a new point about each machine; have students suggest characteristics and examples before you reveal them.)

Simple machines are everywhere; we use them everyday to perform simple tasks. Simple machines have also been in use since the early days of human existence. While simple machines take many shapes, they come in six basic types:

  • Wedge : A device that forces things apart.
  • Wheel and axle : Used to reduce friction.
  • Lever : Moves around a pivot point to increase or decrease mechanical advantage.
  • Inclined plane : Raises objects by moving up a slope.
  • Screw : A device that can lift or hold things together.
  • Pulley : Changes the direction of a force.

Simple Machines

We use simple machines because they make work easier. The scientific definition of work is the amount of force that is applied to an object multiplied by the distance the object is moved. Thus, work consists of force and distance. Each job takes a specific amount of work to finish it, and this number does not change. Thus, the force times the distance always equals the same amount of work. This means that if you move something a smaller distance you need to exert a greater force. On the other hand, if you want to exert less force, you need to move it over a greater distance. This is the force and distance trade off, or mechanical advantage , which is common to all simple machines. With mechanical advantage, the longer a job takes, the less force you need to use throughout the job. Most of the time, we feel that a task is hard because it requires us to use a lot of force. Therefore, using the trade off between distance and force can make our task much easier to complete.

The wedge is a simple machine that forces objects or substances apart by applying force to a large surface area on the wedge, with that force magnified to a smaller area on the wedge to do the actual work. A nail is a common wedge with a wide nail head area where the force is applied, and a small point area where the concentrated force is exerted. The force is magnified at the point, enabling the nail to pierce wood. As the nail sinks into the wood, the wedge shape at the point of the nail moves forward, and forces the wood apart.

An axe.

Everyday examples of wedges include an axe (see Figure 1), nail, doorstop, chisel, saw, jackhammer, zipper, bulldozer, snow plow, horse plow, zipper, airplane wing, knife, fork and bow of a boat or ship.

Wheel and Axle

The wheel and axle is a simple machine that reduces the friction involved in moving an object, making the object easier to transport. When an object is pushed, the force of friction must be overcome to start it moving. Once the object is moving, the force of friction opposes the force exerted on the object. The wheel and axle makes this easier by reducing the friction involved in moving an object. The wheel rotates around an axle (essentially a rod that goes through the wheel, letting the wheel turn), rolling over the surface and minimizing friction. Imagine trying to push a 9,000-kilogram (~10-ton) block of stone. Wouldn't it be easier to roll it along using logs placed underneath the stone?

Everyday examples of the wheel and axle include a car, bicycle, office chair, wheel barrow, shopping cart, hand truck and roller skates.

A lever simple machine consists of a load, a fulcrum and effort (or force). The load is the object that is moved or lifted. The fulcrum is the pivot point, and the effort is the force required to lift or move the load. By exerting a force on one end of the lever (the applied force), a force at the other end of the lever is created. The applied force is either increased or decreased, depending on the distance from the fulcrum (the point or support on which a lever pivots) to the load, and from the fulcrum to the effort.

Photograph of a crowbar prying a nail, with the load, force and fulcrum labeled.

Everyday examples of levers include a teeter-totter or see-saw, crane arm, crow bar, hammer (using the claw end), fishing pole and bottle opener. Think of a how you use a crowbar (see Figure 2). By pushing down on the long end of the crowbar, a force is created at the load end over a smaller distance, once again, demonstrating the tradeoff between force and distance.

Inclined Plane

Inclined planes make it easier to lift something. Think of a ramp. Engineers use ramps to easily move objects to a greater height. There are two ways to raise an object: by lifting it straight up, or by pushing it diagonally up. Lifting an object straight up moves it over the shortest distance, but you must exert a greater force. On the other hand, using an inclined plane requires a smaller force, but you must exert it over a longer distance.

Everyday examples of inclined planes include highway access ramps, sidewalk ramps, stairs, inclined conveyor belts, and switchback roads or trails.

A car jack.

A screw is essentially an inclined plane wrapped around a shaft. Screws have two primary functions: they hold things together, or they lift objects. A screw is good for holding things together because of the threading around the shaft. The threads grip the surrounding material like teeth, resulting in a secure hold; the only way to remove a screw is to unwind it. A car jack is an example of a screw being used to lift something (see Figure 3).

Everyday examples of screws include a screw, bolt, clamp, jar lid, car jack, spinning stool and spiral staircase.

Photograph of a pulley being used on a ship.

A pulley is a simple machine used to change the direction of a force. Think of raising a flag or lifting a heavy stone. To lift a stone up into its place on a pyramid, one would have to exert a force that pulls it up. By using a pulley made from a grooved wheel and rope, one can pull down on the rope, capitalizing on the force of gravity, to lift the stone up . Even more valuable, a system of several pulleys can be used together to reduce the force needed to lift an object.

Everyday examples of pulleys in use include flag poles, elevators, sails, fishing nets (see Figure 4), clothes lines, cranes, window shades and blinds, and rock climbing gear.

Compound Machines

A compound machine is a device that combines two or more simple machines. For example, a wheelbarrow combines the use of a wheel and axle with a lever. Using the six basic simple machines, all sorts of compound machines can be made. There are many simple and compound machines in your home and classroom. Some examples of the compound machines you may find are a can opener (wedge and lever), exercise machines/cranes/tow trucks (levers and pulleys), shovel (lever and wedge), car jack (lever and screw), wheel barrow (wheel and axle and lever) and bicycle (wheel and axle and pulley).

Watch this activity on YouTube

  • Choosing a Pyramid Site - Working in engineering project teams, students choose a site for the construction of a pyramid. They base their decision on site features as provided by a surveyor's report; distance from the quarry, river and palace; and other factors they deem important to the project.

Today, we have discussed six simple machines. Who can name them for me? (Answer: Wedge, wheel and axle, lever, inclined plane, screw, and pulley.) How do simple machines make work easier? (Answer: Mechanical advantage enables us to use less force to move an object, but we have to move it a longer distance.) Why do engineers use simple machines? (Possible answers: Engineers creatively use their knowledge of science and math to make our lives better, often using simple machines. They invent tools that make work easier. They accomplish huge tasks that could not be done without the mechanical advantage of simple machines. They design structures and tools to use our environmental resources better and more efficiently.) Tonight, at home, think about everyday examples of the six simple machines. See how many you can find around your house!

Complete the KWL Assessment Chart (see the Assessment section). Gauge students' understanding of the lesson by assigning the Simple Machines Worksheet as a take-home quiz. As an extension, use the attached Simple Machines Scavenger Hunt! Worksheet to conduct a simple machines scavenger hunt in which students find examples of simple machines used in the classroom and at home.

In other lessons of this unit, students study each simple machine in more detail and see how each could be used as a tool to build a pyramid or a modern building.

design: (verb) To plan out in systematic, often graphic form. To create for a particular purpose or effect. Design a building. (noun) A well thought-out plan.

Engineering: Applying scientific and mathematical principles to practical ends such as the design, manufacture and operation of efficient and economical structures, machines, processes and systems.

force: A push or pull on an object.

inclined plane: A simple machine that raises an object to greater height. Usually a straight slanted surface and no moving parts, such as a ramp, sloping road or stairs.

lever: A simple machine that increases or decreases the force to lift something. Usually a bar pivoted on a fixed point (fulcrum) to which force is applied to do work.

mechanical advantage : An advantage gained by using simple machines to accomplish work with less effort. Making the task easier (which means it requires less force), but may require more time or room to work (more distance, rope, etc.). For example, applying a smaller force over a longer distance to achieve the same effect as applying a large force over a small distance. The ratio of the output force exerted by a machine to the input force applied to it.

pulley: A simple machine that changes the direction of a force, often to lift a load. Usually consists of a grooved wheel in which a pulled rope or chain runs.

pyramid: A massive structure of ancient Egypt and Mesoamerica used for a crypt or tomb. The typical shape is a square or rectangular base at the ground with sides (faces) in the form of four triangles that meet in a point at the top. Mesoamerican temples have stepped sides and a flat top surmounted by chambers.

screw: A simple machine that lifts or holds materials together. Often a cylindrical rod incised with a spiral thread.

simple machine: A machine with few or no moving parts that is used to make work easier (provides a mechanical advantage). For example, a wedge, wheel and axle, lever, inclined plane, screw, or pulley.

spiral: A curve that winds around a fixed center point (or axis) at a continuously increasing or decreasing distance from that point.

tool: A device used to do work.

wedge: A simple machine that forces materials apart. Used for splitting, tightening, securing or levering. It is thick at one end and tapered to a thin edge at the other.

wheel and axle: A simple machine that reduces the friction of moving by rolling. A wheel is a disk designed to turn around an axle passed through the center of the wheel. An axle is a supporting cylinder on which a wheel or a set of wheels revolves.

work: Force on an object multiplied by the distance it moves. W = F x d (force multiplied by distance).

Pre-Lesson Assessment

Know / Want to Know / Learn (KWL) Chart: Create a classroom KWL chart to help organize learning about a new topic. On a large sheet of paper or on the classroom board, draw a chart with the title "Building with Simple Machines." Draw three columns titled, K, W and L, representing what students know about simple machines, what they want to know about simple machines and what they learned about simple machines. Fill out the K and W sections during the lesson introduction as facts and questions emerge. Fill out the L section at the end of the lesson.

Post-Introduction Assessment

Reference Sheet: Hand out the attached Simple Machines Reference Sheet . Review the information and answer any questions. Suggest the students keep the sheet handy in their desks, folders or journals.

Observations: Show students an example of each simple machine and have them make observations and discuss any patterns that can be used to predict future motion. 

Lesson Summary Assessment

Closing Discussion: Conduct an informal class discussion, asking the students what they learned from the activities. Ask the students:

  • Who can name the different types of simple machines? (Answer: Wedge, wheel and axle, lever, inclined plane, screw, and pulley.)
  • How do simple machines make work easier? (Answer: Mechanical advantage enables us to use less force to move an object, but we have to move it a longer distance.)
  • Why do engineers use simple machines? (Possible answers: Engineers creatively use their knowledge of science and math to make our lives better, often using simple machines. They invent tools that make work easier. They accomplish huge tasks that could not be done without the mechanical advantage of simple machines. They design structures and tools to use our environmental resources better and more efficiently.)

Remind students that engineers consider many factors when they plan, design and create something. Ask the students:

  • What are the considerations an engineer must keep in mind when designing a new structure? (Possible answers: Size and shape (design) of the structure, available construction materials, calculation of materials needed, comparing materials and costs, making drawings, etc.)
  • What are the considerations an engineer must keep in mind when choosing a site to build a new structure? (Possible answers: Site physical characteristics [topography, soil foundation], distance to construction resources [wood, stone, water, concrete], suitability for the structure's purpose [locate a school or grocery store near where people live].)

KWL Chart (Conclusion): As a class, finish column L of the KWL Chart as described in the Pre-Lesson Assessment section. List all of the things they learned about simple machines. Were all of the W questions answered? What new things did they learn?

Take-Home Quiz: Gauge students' understanding of the lesson by assigning the Simple Machines Worksheet as a take-home quiz.

Lesson Extension Activities

Use the attached Simple Machines Scavenger Hunt! Worksheet to conduct a fun scavenger hunt. Have the students find examples of all the simple machines used in the classroom and their homes.

Bring in everyday examples of simple machines and demonstrate how they work.

Illustrate the power of simple machines by asking students to do a task without using a simple machine, and then with one. For example, create a lever demonstration by hammering a nail into a piece of wood. Have students try to pull the nail out, first using only their hands

Bring in a variety of everyday examples of simple machines. Hand out one out to each student and have them think about what type of simple machine it is. Next, have students place the items into categories by simple machines and explain why they chose to place their item there. Ask students what life would be like without this item. Emphasize that simple machines make our life easier.

See the Edheads website for an interactive game on simple machines: http://edheads.org.

Engineering Design Fun with Levers: Give each pair of students a paint stirrer, 3 small plastic cups, a piece of duct tape and a wooden block or spool (or anything similar). Challenge the students to design a simple machine lever that will throw a ping pong ball (or any other type of small ball) as high as possible. In the re-design phase, allow the students to request materials to add on to their design. Have a small competition to see which group was able to send the ping pong ball flying high. Discuss with the class why that particular design was successful versus other variations seen during the competition.

See http://edheads.org for a good simple machines website with curricular materials including educational games and activities.

powerpoint presentation on simple machines

Students are introduced to three of the six simple machines used by many engineers: lever, pulley, and wheel-and-axle. In general, engineers use the lever to magnify the force applied to an object, the pulley to lift heavy loads over a vertical path, and the wheel-and-axle to magnify the torque appl...

preview of 'Levers That Lift' Lesson

Students explore building a pyramid, learning about the simple machine called an inclined plane. They also learn about another simple machine, the screw, and how it is used as a lifting or fastening device.

preview of 'Slide Right on by Using an Inclined Plane' Lesson

Students learn how simple machines, including wedges, were used in building both ancient pyramids and present-day skyscrapers. In a hands-on activity, students test a variety of wedges on different materials (wax, soap, clay, foam).

preview of 'Pyramid Building: How to Use a Wedge' Lesson

Refreshed with an understanding of the six simple machines; screw, wedge, pully, incline plane, wheel and axle, and lever, student groups receive materials and an allotted amount of time to act as mechanical engineers to design and create machines that can complete specified tasks.

preview of 'Splash, Pop, Fizz: Rube Goldberg Machines' Activity

Dictionary.com. Lexico Publishing Group, LLC. Accessed January 11, 2006. (Source of some vocabulary definitions, with some adaptation) http://www.dictionary.com

Simple Machines. inQuiry Almanack, The Franklin Institute Online, Unisys and Drexel eLearning. Accessed January 11, 2006. http://sln.fi.edu/qa97/spotlight3/spotlight3.html

Contributors

Supporting program, acknowledgements.

The contents of these digital library curricula were developed by the Integrated Teaching and Learning Program under National Science Foundation GK-12 grant no. 0338326. However, these contents do not necessarily represent the policies of the National Science Foundation, and you should not assume endorsement by the federal government. 

Last modified: October 2, 2022

Simple Machines

6th Grade Physical Science Unit

STARTER QUESTION

What is a machine?

Why do we use machines?

Watch the Bill Nye Video :

Complete this worksheet: https://goo.gl/vGeFWw

Completed in class together. Brainstorming what we know about Simple and Machines.

What is a Simple Machine?

Watch the videos at this site :

Note Sheet:

Create a notes sheet (either on paper or on the above google doc) and take notes about simple machines from the videos. You need to watch and take notes on these topics:

- Simple Machines Part One and Part Two

- The Inclined Plane

- The Screw and Wheel

- The Pulley

When you have handed in your notes, you can play the games on the website.

1.What simple machine is a ladder?

2.What simple machine is an inclined plane wrapped around a pole or rod?

3. What simple machine is a tooth?

Levers Warm Up

What class levers are:

  • a ring pull top on a soda can?

Video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=E8RA9Kw_IaE

Activity: https://goo.gl/6RNV0e

What class levers are: a hammer, a crowbar, a seesaw, and a ring pull top on a soda can? Draw a diagram of a lever system and label the four components. Design a toy using a lever in some part of the toy.

http://goo.gl/79VRKb

(second link is broken-use this one: http://www.robives.com/mechanisms/lever )

1.What simple machine is a pair of scissors?

2.What simple machine is a mini blind (on your window)?

3. What simple machine is a rake?

Video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LAAwZird80k

Activity: https://goo.gl/DJmPMX

Lab: ASPIRE Part 1: Lever and Wedge (paper packet)

  • What is a general statement you could make about the wedge based on the data from your virtual lab?
  • What type of relationship is this?

Inclined Plane

Lab - http://www.ge.com/press/scienceworkshop/docs/pdf/Inclined_Plane_with_Standards.pdf

Extra time:

Do the Marble Drop Activity

http://alex.state.al.us/lesson_view.php?id=24098

  • How do inclined planes make work easier?
  • Where have you seen an inclined plane before? Have you ever used one?

Demo: Archimedes Screw

Video: What is a screw?

Video:How were screws used

to make the Great Pyramids?

Lab: p. 635 in the

  • What evidence do we have that screws were used on the Great Pyramids?
  • What is an Archimedes screw used for?

Demonstration

  • How do pulleys make work easier?
  • Where have you seen a pulley used before?
  • During your lab, which pulley was the most effective?

Wheel and Axle

The History of the Wheel and Axle

Virtual Lab and Worksheet

Activity: Build a Wind Turbine

Extension Activity: How do wind turbines work?

Teachers will need to sign up for a 30 day trial for this to work

  • How do wheels make work easier?
  • Describe a situation where wheels would make work easier.
  • During your lab, which wheel was the most effective?
  • How do wind turbines work?
  • What do you think about wind turbines? Would you put one in your backyard?

Review: Calculate Mechanical Advantage

Watch this video

2 Worksheets:Mechanical Advantage practice

When finished: Play this game

Calculate Efficiency

Efficient: To do the most amount of work, using the least amount of effort or time.

Scientists can calculate how efficient a machine is. They divide the amount of work done by the amount of effort it took to do the work and multiply that number by 100

Simple Machines in the Summer Olympics

The 2016 Summer Olympics will be held in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, beginning on Friday, August 5 and ending on Sunday, August 21. There are many simple machines used in the Olympic Games.

Your Activity is on the next slide….

Watch the short videos (linked b elow) about 6 different events. Identify the Simple Machines in use. Use this worksheet to record your answers.

Diving Archery Sailing

Pole Vault Rowing Cycling

Simple Machines Games

http://www.msichicago.org/experiment/games/simple-machines/

Silent Debate

Could a computer be a simple machine? Why or Why not?

Choose a partner and start a DOC, write down your thoughts about this.

Group Challenge

Website: http://voicethread.com/?#q.b4743591.i24202350

Find 2-3 others to work with on this challenge. Each of you will need to create an answer to the challenge. Put the Google Doc in your science folder

Make a Movie

Website: http://animoto.com/pro/education?gclid=COD68seP8bgCFc5FMgodk0wAFA

Rubric for Project

Using this website, create a video that shows 6 different types of simple machines. See your teacher before you begin for directions and a grading rubric.

Rube Goldberg Machines

6th Grade Science Unit

Who is Rube Goldberg?

American cartoonist, sculptor,

author, engineer and inventor

Can you find the simple machines?

What is a Rube Goldberg Machine?

It is a machine that has many, many steps to complete a simple task… watch this example

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KVdqwD_bcPs&feature=kp

The MythBusters version…

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lCYg_gz4fDo

Here are some more examples…

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=H30zTv406Mo

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dFWHbRApS3c

To create a Rube Goldberg machine that will play music (cymbal, triangle, drum etc).

Rube Goldberg Machine

Requirements:

It must have at least 2 simple machines in it

There must be at least 10 STEPS from beginning to end.

You must use everyday items in creative ways

It needs to be FUN to watch the marble go through your machine

Begin the Design Process...

Step 1: Look over the materials you have and create a BLUEPRINT (a drawing of how your Rube Goldberg Machine will work) .

Step 2: Bring your BLUEPRINT to me for approval.

Step 3: Start Building your Rube Goldberg machine (it may be best to do this in parts, then put all the parts together later)

Lesson Three

Lab Activities and Packets

Website: http://aspire.cosmic-ray.org/Labs/Machines/

Directions: There are a series of labs that you will complete using this website. See your teacher for the lab packets- they follow the website activities and give you a spot to write down all of your information. You will work with your shoulder partner to complete these labs.

Lab Packets:

- Simple Machines - Lesson One: The Wedge and Lever

- Simple Machines - Lesson Two: Pulley and Inclined Plane

- Simple Machines - Lesson Three: Wheel and Axle

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Science Subject for Elementary - 2nd Grade: Inventions & Simple Machines

Science subject for elementary - 2nd grade: inventions & simple machines presentation, free google slides theme and powerpoint template.

The invention of machines has changed humanity drastically, it has allowed us to control our environment and to create things that our bodies alone couldn’t. Explain your little students the differences between simple and complex machines and how they have improved our lives. With this template you can prepare a fun and interesting science class that will wake the interest of your students, the slides are completely editable so that they can be adapted to your lesson’s needs. Become the most modern teacher in school by starting to introduce modern templates in your lessons!

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Simple Machines

Free Presentations in PowerPoint format

6 Types of Simple Machines

Early Examples of Machines

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See Also: Flight , Force & Motion

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Simple Machines PowerPoint and Activity Sheets

Simple Machines PowerPoint and Activity Sheets

Subject: Physics

Age range: 11-14

Resource type: Other

Project science

Last updated

22 January 2024

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powerpoint presentation on simple machines

A fully editable 31 slide PowerPoint presentation on simple machines. Comes with a bonus simple machines activity sheet and word search with solutions on key terminology.

Includes slides on the following topics:

➸ Introduction ➸ Simple and complex machines ➸ Levers ➸ Classes of levers ➸ Inclined planes ➸ Wedges ➸ Pulleys ➸ Wheels and axles ➸ How the Pyramids were built using simple machines ➸ Identifying simple machines Quiz

Great accompaniments to this resource:

Simple Machines Activities [Cut and Paste] Simple Machines Task Cards Simple Machines Boom Cards™ - Distance Learning Simple Machines Cootie Catcher

Clipart by: Studio Devanna

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Simple Machines Bundle

A complete set of resources for students to learn about the six types of simple machines. Includes four essential resources for teaching and learning about mechanical devices through research, games and craftivity. Enjoy a 25% discount on this bundle! Includes the following resources: ➸ PowerPoint and Activity Sheets ➸ Cootie Catcher ➸ Cut and Paste Activities ➸ Task Cards

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  • 1. Simple Machines By: Blair Thallmayer Grade: 3
  • 2. Bill Nye The Science Guy
  • 3. Standards & Objectives  3.1.4 A Know that natural and human-made objects are made up of parts.  Identify system parts that are natural and human-made (e.g., ball point pen, simple electrical circuits, plant anatomy).  Objective:  After completing the PowerPoint presentation and 3 activities, the learner will identify the six simple machines and their functions with at least 90% accuracy.
  • 4. Introduction Simple machines make people’s live easier. All the force needed to make simple machines work comes from people. Every simple machine picture in this presentation was found on the playground. Look around your house and school and you might find some simple machines!!!
  • 5. Types of Simple Machines Inclined Planes Levers Pulleys Screws Wedges Wheels and Axles
  • 6. Inclined Plane  An inclined plane is a flat surface that is higher on one end.
  • 7. Inclined Plane  All inclined plans can help people gain speed going down it. It helps people because a roof slant prevents the heavy weight of snow and rain from caving in the roof. Have you ever seen a ramp? It is an inclined plane.
  • 8. Inclined Plane We found some inclined planes on the playground Slant on a roof Slide Ramp
  • 9. Levers  A lever is a simple machine that has fulcrum or a stationary point. A lever needs a kind of force for it to work. The force is also known as the effort.
  • 10. Levers  There are plenty of places in the school where you could find levers. Here are some examples: the playground, gym, in the first grade classroom, in the kindergarten, and lots more!
  • 11. Levers  A see saw is a lever,  A swing is a lever. it has a fulcrum in the The swing chains center. connect to the fulcrum, the top bar
  • 12. Pulleys  A pulley is something that pulls objects up, down and sideways in the order to make life easier. Pulleys hoist things with less muscle power.
  • 13. Pulleys  Wheels are in pulleys!  The only pulley we found on the playground is the flag pole. It is used for raising the flag up and down.
  • 14. Screws  A screw is an inclined plane that winds around itself.
  • 15. Screws Screws help us to connect two objects together.
  • 16. Screws A few parts of these objects are screws: Water Faucet Clocks Light bulbs Jars
  • 17. Wedges  A wedge is a simple machine used to push two objects apart.
  • 18. Wedges  There are a lot of Shovel wedges! Here are some examples: Fork & Knife Axe Scissor Saw Hammer Can Opener
  • 19. Wheels and Axles  Wheels help people get around faster. Axles help the wheel turn.
  • 20. Wheels and Axles Here are some things that need a Car wheel and axle to work. Wheelbarrow Skateboard Motorcycle Roller skates Bike Scooter
  • 21. Activity #1 Sunken Millions Simple Machines Mrs. Price Grade 3
  • 22. Activity #2  Use the link below to  Review the Essence of Simple Machines  Find the Simple Machines  Putting Simple Machines to Work Cosi- Simple Machines.mht
  • 23. Activity #3  Compound Machines  Find as many simple machines as you can in the bicycle below. Circle each part and label it.
  • 24. Summary Inclined Makes it easier to move objects upward; a Plane longer path, but easier lifting Helps lift heavy weights Lever using longer distances Pulley Makes lifting heavy weights easier by redirecting force Screw Turns rotation into lengthwise movement Wedge Pushes material apart, cuts Wheel Makes it easy to move things and Axle by rolling them, and reducing friction
  • 25. Conclusion  Basic Types  Designed to make work  Few or moving parts  Combine to form complex machines
  • 26. References  Aufman, M., & Case, S. (2006). Simple Machines. Retrieved March 15, 2009, from http://74.125.47.132/search?q=cache:l5FLXzwQPzAJ:www.georgiactae.org/Cu rriculum%2520%2520Unit%2520Plans/Engineering/Foundations%2520of%25 20Engineering%2520and%2520Technology/STEM%2520MiniGolf%2520Cour se/Simple%2520Machines.ppt+Simple+Machines+PowerPoint  Clip Art. (2003).Retrieved March 10, 2009, from office.microsoft.com/en- us/clipart/default.aspx  Columbus. (2000). Simple Machines. Retrieved March 10, 2009, from www.cosi.org/files/Flash/simpMach/sm1.swf  Teaching Press. (2007). Creative Teaching Press. Retrieved March 15, 2009, from http://www.creativeteaching.com/CTPSiteSearch.aspx?SearchTerm=Simple %20Machines  FMS ~ Simple Machines WebQuest. (1998). Retrieved March 15, 2009, from http://www.ri.net/schools/Glocester/FMS/LAB/simplemachines.html
  • 27. References  Knox, P. (2002). Simple Machines Unit. Retrieved March 10, 2009, from www.viking.stark.k12.oh.us/~greentown/simpmach.htm  Nye, B. (2008). Bill Nye the Science Guy - quot;ABC's of Machineryquot;. Retrieved March 9, 2009, from www.youtube.com/watch?v=eOzNVBX-SX0  Price. (2002). Sunken Millions Simple Machines. Retrieved March 15, 2009, from http://74.125.47.132/search?q=cache:U6Kr398X7QUJ:classroom.jc- schools.net/sci-units/games/Millions- machines.ppt+PowerPoint+Simple+Machines&cd=6&hl=en&ct=clnk&gl= us  Simple Machines Teacher Worksheets. (1995.). Retrieved March 15, 2009, from http://www.teach- nology.com/worksheets/science/simpmach/  Simple Machines. (2002). Retrieved March 15, 2009, from http://74.125.47.132/search?q=cache:RoLUzKhiFIQJ:www.generalpatton. org/education/lesson_plans/Simple_machines.ppt+Simple+Machines+Po werPoint&cd=1&hl=en&ct=clnk&gl=us

simple machines

SIMPLE MACHINES

Jul 18, 2014

370 likes | 752 Views

SIMPLE MACHINES. 8 th Grade Engineering. Machines. Machines are artifacts that transmit or change the application of power, force, or motion. In other words: Machines change the amount of force needed to do work. “Wouldn’t life be easier if I had a machine?”. Simple Machines.

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SIMPLE MACHINES 8th Grade Engineering

Machines • Machines are artifacts that transmit or change the application of power, force, or motion. In other words: Machines change the amount of force needed to do work. “Wouldn’t life be easier if I had a machine?”

Simple Machines • How many kinds of simple machines are there? • There are 6 types of simple machines. • What are the 6 types of simple machines?

Levers • Have you used a…. Then you have used a lever!

Levers • A lever has a rod, or bar, (the lever arm) that rests and turns on a support (fulcrum).

Levers • You apply a force to one end of the lever arm to left a load at the other end, allowing you to lift weight more easily.

Levers – Force Multiplier • The closer the fulcrum is to the load, the more ____________ it is to lift.

Levers – Distance Multiplier • The farther the fulcrum is to the load, the _____________ the load can go.

Wheel and Axle • What are some examples of where we use a wheel and axle? • Cars (steering wheels and vehicle wheels) • Bicycles • Ferris Wheels • Wagons • Door knobs

Wheel and Axle • A wheel and axleis a shaft attached to a disk.

Pulleys • Can you make a pulley with the parts of a wheel and axle? • Pulleysare grooved wheels attached to an axle.

Inclined Planes • What is an example of an inclined plane seen in nature?

Inclined Planes • Inclined planes are sloped surfaces used to make a job easier to do. • In what situation is an inclined plane helpful?

Wedges • What are two functions for a wedge? • A wedge is used to split and separate materials and to grip parts.

Screws • Does a screw use an inclined plane? • The screw is an inclined plane wrapped around a shaft. It is used to hold things together.

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703 views • 66 slides

Simple Machines

Simple Machines. Lever, Wheel & Axle, and Pulley. Levers. Have you ever ridden on a seesaw or pried open a paint can with an opener? If so, then you are already familiar with another simple machine called a lever. A lever is a rigid bar that is free to pivot, or rotate, on a fixed point.

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  1. PPT

    powerpoint presentation on simple machines

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    powerpoint presentation on simple machines

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    powerpoint presentation on simple machines

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    powerpoint presentation on simple machines

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    powerpoint presentation on simple machines

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    powerpoint presentation on simple machines

VIDEO

  1. Simple PowerPoint presentations tutorial #powerpoint #tutorial

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COMMENTS

  1. Simple Machines.ppt

    1. Calculate the mechanical advantage of a hammer if the input force is 125 N and the output force is 2,000N 2. Find the efficiency of a machine that does 800 J of work if the input work is...

  2. Science Subject for Elementary School Simple Machines. Free

    Science Subject for Elementary School Simple Machines. Energy, power, and time—three things common to humans and machines. Teach students how machines facilitate work with this simple machines template. In vibrant colors, these slides give you plenty of room to entertain and inform. Fill out ready-made pages for course outlines, topics and ...

  3. Engineering: Simple Machines

    Students are introduced to the six types of simple machines — the wedge, wheel and axle, lever, inclined plane, screw, and pulley — in the context of the construction of a pyramid, gaining high-level insights into tools that have been used since ancient times and are still in use today.

  4. Simple Machines Presentation

    Simple Machines Presentation | PPT Upload Simple Machines Presentation Aug 1, 2007 • 40 likes • 59,840 views M mar_yoom Follow Technology Business A short presentation on the six types of simple machines Read more 1 of 9 Download Now Recommended Simple Machines Ryan Cataga Teacher Simple Machine Powerpoint shas595

  5. Simple Machines

    1.What simple machine is a ladder? 2.What simple machine is an inclined plane wrapped around a pole or rod? 3. What simple machine is a tooth? Levers Warm Up What class levers are: a...

  6. PDF PowerPoint Presentation

    A combination of two or more simple machines. Cannot get more work out of a compound machine than is put in. Title: PowerPoint Presentation - Work, Power, & Simple Machines Author: Freeman High School Created Date:

  7. Simple Machines for elementary

    Free Google Slides theme and PowerPoint template. The invention of machines has changed humanity drastically, it has allowed us to control our environment and to create things that our bodies alone couldn't. Explain your little students the differences between simple and complex machines and how they have improved our lives. With this ...

  8. Free PowerPoint Presentations about Simple Machines for Kids ...

    Free Templates Pete's PowerPoint Station is your destination for free PowerPoint presentations for kids and teachers about Simple Machines, and so much more.

  9. PPT Simple Machines

    What are the simple machines we use in our daily life? Simple Machines Forces and Motion Force is a push or a pull. The amount of force you have to use on an object depends on its mass. Motion is a change in position. Every motion is started by a force. Speed is how fast something moves over a certain distance.

  10. Simple Machines PowerPoint (Teacher-Made)

    Teach children about the six simple machines using this straightforward powerpoint. Each slide explains clearly, what each simple machine is, how it works and gives examples of their use in everyday life. Show more simple machines simple machines powerpoint machines Ratings & Reviews Curriculum Links Make a Request Resource Updates

  11. Simple Machines PowerPoint and Activity Sheets

    A fully editable 31 slide PowerPoint presentation on simple machines. Comes with a bonus simple machines activity sheet and word search with solutions on key terminology. Includes slides on the following topics: Introduction Simple and complex machines Levers Classes of levers Inclined planes Wedges Pulleys Wheels and axles

  12. Simple machines by Saliha Rais, for grade 5.

    Jan 7, 2015 • 22 likes • 13,902 views S Saliha Rais Education The slide show include topics: simple machines, force magnifiers, movement magnifiers, levers and its types. At the end there is a short review/test, so you can assess what you have learned. I made this for grade 5 students. 1 of 27 Recommended

  13. SC 6 5.7 simple machines-powerpoint

    3. Standard 6-5.7 Explain how the design of simple machines (including levers, pulleys, and inclined planes) helps reduce the amount of force required to do work. 4. A simple machine is a machine that helps you do work by changing the amount or direction of the force you apply. 5.

  14. PPTX PowerPoint Presentation

    Machines. A device that makes work easier. A machine can change the size, the direction, or the distance over which a force acts. Version: 12.16.19. Simple Machines. Lever: A bar that is free to pivot, or move about a fixed point when an input force is applied. ... PowerPoint Presentation - Work, Power, & Simple Machines ...

  15. PPT

    PPT - Simple Machines PowerPoint Presentation, free download - ID:2933733 Download Presentation Download 1 / 20 Download Presentation >> Simple Machines Aug 06, 2014 620 likes | 1.2k Views Simple Machines. Essential Question: What are simple machines and how do they work?. Vocabulary.

  16. PPT

    Simple Machines Ancient people invented simple machines that would help them overcome resistive forces and allow them to do the desired work against those forces.. Simple Machines. The Lever A lever is a rigid bar or board that rotates around a fixed point called the fulcrum. • The bar may be either straight or curved. • In use, a lever has both an effort (or applied) force and a load ...

  17. Simple machines

    6. Types of simple machine A. Inclined Plane is a simple machine, consisting of a ramp or a similar wedge-shaped device, that makes doing a given amount of work easier. Simple Machines. 7. An inclined plane makes it easier to lift heavy objects by enabling a person to apply the necessary force over a greater distance.

  18. PPT

    PPT - Simple Machines PowerPoint Presentation, free download - ID:3084261 Download Presentation Download 1 / 19 Download Presentation >> Simple Machines Mar 29, 2019 210 likes | 424 Views Simple Machines. A Writing Across Curriculum Activity. Learner Objective. The learner will be able to recognize simple machines. At the end of this activity:.

  19. Simple Machines

    1. Simple Machines 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. Editor's Notes A sloping surface, such as a ramp. An inclined plane can be used to alter the effort and distance involved in doing work, such as lifting loads. The trade-off is that an object must be moved a longer distance than if it was lifted straight up, but less force is needed.

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    If you selected My Microsoft account, the Microsoft account dashboard will open.This is where you manage your Microsoft account and any Microsoft products associated with this account. On the Microsoft account dashboard, select Services & subscriptions to view all Microsoft products associated with this account. For non-subscription versions of Office (such as Office 2013 and later):

  21. PPT

    Simple Machines • Machines are devices that make work easier by changing the SIZE or DIRECTION of a FORCE. • Machines do not reduce the amount of work for us, but they can make it easier. The Force-Distance Trade-off • A machine can reduce either the FORCE or DISTANCE required to do work, but not both. • If FORCE is DECREASED, the ...

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  23. My Presentation On Simple Machines

    1. Simple Machines By: Blair Thallmayer Grade: 3. 2. Bill Nye The Science Guy. 3. Standards & Objectives 3.1.4 A Know that natural and human-made objects are made up of parts. Identify system parts that are natural and human-made (e.g., ball point pen, simple electrical circuits, plant anatomy). Objective: After completing the PowerPoint ...

  24. PPT

    Jul 18, 2014 370 likes | 752 Views SIMPLE MACHINES. 8 th Grade Engineering. Machines. Machines are artifacts that transmit or change the application of power, force, or motion. In other words: Machines change the amount of force needed to do work. "Wouldn't life be easier if I had a machine?". Simple Machines. Download Presentation how many